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Baroque architecture

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2. Cronology and geography From the end of 16th century until 1750. Geography: whole Europe+ America. Characteristics of the period: Religious and political conflicts Geographical colonization Scientific development New astrological discoveries Sun centre of Universe 3. Baroque Style The word means imperfection New naturalism that reflects the scientific advances Taste for dramatic action and emotion: Colour and light contrasted Rich textures Asymmetrical spaces Diagonal plans New subjects: landscape, genre, still-life 4. Baroque Style Variety within the style Art at the service of power Two main centres: Rome: Popes authority France: powerful monarchy Influence of the Counter-Reform Worry about plastic values 5. Architecture: Characteristics Long narrow naves replaced by broader or circular forms Dramatic use of light 6. Architecture: Characteristics Dramatic use of light Large-scale ceiling frescoes 7. Architecture: Characteristics Large-scale ceiling frescoes Interior a shell for painting and sculpture 8. Architecture: Characteristics Illusory effects Ekialdeko Europan tipula-kupulak 9. Architecture: Italy They evolved from the Renaissance forms Movement toward grand structures with flowing, curving shapes Landscape was frequently incorporated New elements as gardens, squares , courtyards and fountains. Influence of the rebuilding of Saint Peter, in which classical forms integrated with the city. 10. Architecture: Italy Maderno He made the Vaticans faade His work destroyed partially Michelangelos design His work combined the dome with the creation of an space where the Pope could appear publicaly Other works: Santa maria della Vittoria Palazzo Barberini 11. Vaticanos faadeSanta Maria della VittoriaPalazzo Barberini 12. Architecture: Italy Longhena He worked mainly in Venice His design was selected for building Santa Maria della Salute It is building of central plan with a great dome that became the symbol of Venice. 13. Santa Maria of NazaretSanta Maria della Salute Ca Rezzonico 14. Architecture: Italy Bernini He created a fusion of architecture, painting and sculpture He used false perspective and trompe-l oeil to impact He used a palace faade that became a model with massive pilasters above a rusticated base. Works: Saint Peters square Baldaquin 15. San Peters colomnadeSan Peter Baldaquine 16. Architecture: Italy Borromini His works spring from the contrast between convention and freedom He used tradition as a basis, but not as a law Works: San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane San Carlo Borromeo Oratorio degli Fillipenses 17. San Ivos domeSan Carlo alle quattro fontane 18. Palacio Spada (trompe loeil)Oratorio degli Filipensi Stairs 19. Architecture: France It was elegant, ordered, rational and restraided It is a rectilinear model, closer to classicism It aimed at showing the power of Louis XIV monarchy. The main works are: Louvre: Le Vau and Perrault Versailles: Le Brun, Le Vau, Le Notre 20. Louvre palace 21. Versailles palace 22. Architecture: Central Europe It began later due to the Thirty Years War Austria developed the Imperial style with Fischer von Erlach and Hildebrandt In Germany, in the Catholic South Jesuit models were followed while in the Protestant North works were less important Palace architecture was important in the whole area 23. Fisher von Erlach: Karlskirtche and SchnbrunnHildebrandt: Belvedere palace 24. Architecture: England and Russia In England is important Wren Baroque was the style used to design town planning In Russia it is very decorative, in quite traditional churches sometimes made of brick; later it was imported from the Low Countries and finally it became an extravagant art. 25. Wren: Cambridge Emmanuel chapel Wren: San Paul Cambridge library 26. Architecture: Spain At the beginning it continued the pattern of the Escorial Decoration tends to concentrate just in the faade The Rococo was the time of the development of the Churrigueresque style, with exaggerated decoration around the door The Plateresque (last Renaissance that imitates the work on silver) and the Churrigueresque were exported to America, mainly to Mexico. 27. Alberto Churriguera: Salamancas main squareJose Benito Churriguera: Salamancas San Esteban convent altarpiece 28. Rococo French style for interior decoration It developped mainly at the end of 1720 It was used in other countries as a French Style Characteristics: Galante: luxurious things Contraste: asymmety Chinoiserie: exotic character imitating Chinese arts 29. Rococo Architecture It caught the public taste Small and curious buildings Elegant parlours, dainty sitting-rooms and boudoirs Walls, ceiling, furniture and works of metal as decoration Ensemble of sportive, fantastic and sculptured forms Horizontal lines almost completely supressed Shell-like curves Walls covered by stucco White and bright colours.