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GENDER EQUALITY AND INEQUALITY

APHG Unit 3: Gender Equality & Inequality

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Page 1: APHG Unit 3: Gender Equality & Inequality

GENDER EQUALITY AND

INEQUALITY

Page 2: APHG Unit 3: Gender Equality & Inequality

Human Development Index (HDI)

The HDI was created to emphasize that people and their capabilities should be the ultimate criteria for assessing the development of a country, not economic growth alone.

The HDI can also be used to question national policy choices, asking how two countries with the same level of economic development can end up with different human development outcomes.

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of average achievement in three key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable and having a decent standard of living. The HDI reflects each of the three dimensions.

Page 3: APHG Unit 3: Gender Equality & Inequality

Human Development Index (HDI) Continued

• Health dimension = life expectancy at birth• Education dimension = mean number of years of

schooling for adults aged 25 years and over and expected years of schooling for children of school entering age

• Standard of living dimension = gross national income per capita.

The HDI shows part of what human development entails. It does not reflect:inequalities, poverty, human security, empowerment, etc.

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Gender Inequality Index (GII)• Gender inequality remains a major barrier

• Major strides since 1990, but gender equity is not yet worldwide.

• The disadvantages facing women and girls are a major source of inequality.

• Women and girls are discriminated against in health, education, political representation, labor markets, etc.

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The Gender Inequality Index (GII)

The GII is an inequality index. It measures gender inequalities in three important aspects of human development:

1. Reproductive health, measured by maternal mortality ratio and adolescent birth rates

2. Empowerment, measured by proportion of parliamentary seats occupied by females and proportion of adult females and males aged 25 years and older with at least some secondary education

3. Economic status, expressed as labor market participation and measured by labor force participation rate of female and male populations aged 15 years and older.

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The Gender Inequality Index (GII) Continued

The GII was created to better expose differences in the distribution of achievements between women and men. It measures the human development costs of gender inequality, thus the higher the GII value the more disparities between females and males and the more loss to human development.

In other words, a lower GII number signifies greater equality.

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What type of map is this, smarty pants?

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Wage Gaps per State:For Every Dollar a Man Earns …

Read the article “Six Things to Know About the Gender Pay Gap”and“Yes, Men Earn More than Women…” and answer the questions

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