ACPA 2014 - Grant Writing: Reinvent Your Approach to Supporting Research and Projects
Presentation from American College Personnel Administrators convention, 2014, Indianapolis, IN. Megan Drangstveit. Basics of grants, grant writing, and identifying support for research and projects within higher education. Program description: Identifying and securing funding and resources within higher education can mean the difference between a program continuing or ending, or a dissertation being completed on time, if at all. Understanding how to find appropriate funding opportunities, compose grant applications, and successfully secure funding or alternative resources for research and projects is a skill that can be helpful no matter one's position. This session aims to assist graduate students and higher education / student affairs practitioners in exploring the world of grants and external funding and cultivating creative resources.
<ul><li>1.YOU. US. INDY. MARCH 30-APRIL 2 C E L E B R A T I N G 90 YEARS! Grant Writing: Reinvent Your Approach to Supporting Research & Projects Megan Drangstveit | Michigan State University Wednesday, April 2, 2014 | 9:45-10:45 a.m. Sponsored Program: Commission for Academic Affairs Administrators </li></ul><p>2. #ACPA14 Introductions Megan Drangstveit firstname.lastname@example.org Doctoral Student Higher, Adult & Lifelong Education http://www.education.msu.edu/ead/HALE/default.asp Graduate Assistant Institute for Research on Teaching & Learning http://education.msu.edu/irtl/grad Audience members 3. #ACPA14 Program Description Identifying and securing funding and resources within higher education can mean the difference between a program continuing or ending, or a dissertation being completed on time, if at all. Understanding how to find appropriate funding opportunities, compose grant applications, and successfully secure funding or alternative resources for research and projects is a skill that can be helpful no matter one's position. This session aims to assist graduate students and higher education / student affairs practitioners in exploring the world of grants and external funding and cultivating creative resources. 4. #ACPA14 Learning Objectives 1. Learn about grants. 5. #ACPA14 Learning Objectives 1. Learn about grants and grant writing in general. 2. Identify resources to find appropriate funding and refine grant applications. 3. Consider alternative support for research. Keywords Academic Affairs Professional Preparation Professional Outcomes Human and Organizational Resources Assessment, Evaluation, & Research (AER) 6. #ACPA14 What is IRTL? Institute for Research on Teaching & Learning Doctoral Student Support, College of Education, Michigan State University Resource for education doctoral students K-12 admin; higher, adult & lifelong ed (higher ed admin); curriculum, instruction & teacher ed; ed policy; kinesiology; math ed; ed psych & ed tech; rehab counselor ed; school psych; special ed; measurement & quant methods Workshops and other activities Overview, writing, budgets, Responsible Conduct of Research, etc. Sessions for groups and classes Sample proposals and budgets on the website One-on-one consultation Budgeting, text review http://education.msu.edu/irtl/grad 7. #ACPA14 MSU Libraries http://education.msu.edu/irtl/grad 8. #ACPA14 Audience Poll (think, pair, share) 1. What are grants? 2. Does anyone have grant experience (writing, reviewing, etc.)? 3. What types of things are you hoping to fund? 4. Where would you expect to look for funding? 5. What assumptions do you have about the external funding process? 6. What questions did you hope to have addressed today? 9. #ACPA14 GETTING STARTED 10. #ACPA14 What role can grants play in my career? Funding agencies exist to advance research and/or practice within an area. Grants can be used for training, travel, work buy- outs, supplies, hourly staff, tuition, graduate assistantships. Funds can be used to complete a dissertation, create/sustain a program, or conduct small research projects. Foundations are required to spend their funds. Start small, earn your way up to larger awards. 11. #ACPA14 Grant-funded programs on campus Programs focused on: Leadership Access/recruitment Retention Supporting specific communities/populations Volunteering/community engagement Health/wellness Training Tutoring What examples come to mind of grant-funded programs? 12. #ACPA14 A little planning An exciting idea A support network Why Not? If you're seeking funding for your dissertation, you will do or have already done (most of) the work. Grant writing skills are valued no matter your role. Turning your idea into a competitive grant proposal takes: 13. #ACPA14 Target the proposal at the intersection: Money research funding is available Eligibility you're ready and meet requirements Fit your research interests map to RFP Time a competitive proposal can be written in the time available 14. #ACPA14 Money Internal Funding External Funding Your department / college / program Research entities on campus (grant administration, other departments) Institution-wide opportunities Databases Regional foundations Professional organizations & associations Government entities is there research funding available? 15. #ACPA14 Eligibility are you ready? Early Stage funds tuition and fees, as well as a stipend for living for early doctoral students. Predissertation funds research and experiences that aid research, such as travel, language study, and supplies. Dissertation funds research and experiences that aid research, such as language study, travel, supplies, facility use, and/or stipend for living after the defense of dissertation proposal to completion. Write-Up tuition and fees, stipend for living expenses to concentrate mostly or only on writing and completing the dissertation. Postdoctoral funds opportunities towards the development of an academic career. OR: Research or Project Grants To fund project creation, operation, and/or research activities 16. #ACPA14 Eligibility do you meet the sponsor's requirements? Citizenship? Comprehensive exams and/or coursework complete? Dissertation proposal defense complete? Full-time employee vs. faculty member vs. student? Faculty advisor's OK 17. #ACPA14 Fit does your project match the funder's goals and priorities? Many sponsors have websites with helpful information: What are the sponsor's goals and priorities? What have they funded in the past? What is their program focus? population? method? Issue? Who can I contact for information for assistance, guidance, or advice? What are the review criteria? Do they have sample proposals? 18. #ACPA14 Time ... can a competitive proposal be written in the time available? Start early. Assess your timeline. When will you complete doctoral program requirements? collect data? conduct analysis? write up? Can your continue operations until funding would be received? Do you have time to complete the application? How long does it take for a decision? When will the funds become available? Can you reapply? 19. #ACPA14 FIND FUNDERS 20. #ACPA14 Google can be helpful, but there are better resources out there. 21. #ACPA14 And, it is unlikely that someone will walk up to you and hand you cash. 22. #ACPA14 Search in the right places Start local Talk to faculty members, people on campus with similar interests, supervisors, colleagues, those who work in grant- funded programs. Talk with your librarians. MSU Libraries: Jon Harrison http://staff.lib.msu.edu/harris23/grants/index.htm Consider any on-campus funding search resources. Focus on community organizations or other entities located in your area. IRTL Selected Funding Opportunities 23. #ACPA14 Search in the right places Other people of interest may include: Grant administrators Statisticians or those in charge of databases Budget staff Development/Fundraising/Advancement staff Outreach office Technology staff (data management, resources, etc..) 24. #ACPA14 MSU Libraries MSU Librarian Jon Harrisons resource page: http://staff.lib.msu.edu/harris23/ grants/index.htm 25. #ACPA14 Search in the right places Databases (institutional/personal subscription may be required) Foundation Center (http://foundationcenter.org) Foundation Directory Online Professional Foundation Grants to Individuals Online Foundation Directory Free (https://fdo.foundationcenter.org) GrantSelect (http://www.grantselect.com) GuideStar (http://www.guidestar.org) 26. #ACPA14 Know relevant agencies & associations Government databases & agencies Government databases (e.g. grants.gov) Government agencies (NSF, NIH, etc..) Links to specific organizations/associations are on the next slide 27. #ACPA14 Links for agencies & associations AAUW - http://www.aauw.org ACLS - http://www.airweb.org/ ACPA - http://www.myacpa.org ACUHO-I - http://www.acuho-i.org/ AERA - http://www.aera.net/default.aspx AIR - http://www.airweb.org/ ASHE - http://www.ashe.ws Boren - http://www.borenawards.org Doris Duke - http://www.ddcf.org Ed.gov - http://www.ed.gov ETS - http://www.ets.org/research Ford Foundation - http://www.fordfoundation.org/ Fulbright - http://www.iie.org/en/Fulbright/ IRA - http://www.reading.org NACADA - http://nacada.ksu.edu NACA - https://www.naca.org/ NAFSA - http://www.nafsa.org NASPA - http://www.naspa.org NIH - http://nih.gov NSF - http://www.nsf.gov Spencer - http://www.spencer.org/content.cfm/fe llowship-awards SSRC - http://www.ssrc.org SSSP - http://www.ssspresearch.org Wenner-Gren - http://www.wennergren.org Woodrow Wilson - http://woodrow.org 28. #ACPA14 Learn grant cycles Grants and other funding sources typically follow a regular cycle. Plan ahead so you can prepare your materials on time, rather than waiting (perhaps a year) until the next deadline. Fall Spring Summer Sept: APA, AERA, Fulbrig ht, NSF Oct: Spencer, IRA, NSF Nov: AAUW, SSRC, IRA, Ford, Wenner- Gren, AERA, ETS, AIR Dec: AAUW, Boren, ETS June: Fulbright Jan: AIR, AERA, APA, NSF, SSRC Feb: ETS, NSF, JKCoo ke Apr: NSF May: Wenner- Gren 29. #ACPA14 Select Dissertation Funding Opportunities Related to Higher Education Topics AERA Dissertation Grants Fulbright Programs National Academy of Education / Spencer Dissertation Award Woodrow Wilson Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship in Women's Studies Mellon/ACLS Dissertation Completion Fellowship NACADA Academic Advising Research Support Grant AERA Minority Dissertation Fellowship Program in Education Research Mellon International Dissertation Research Fellowship American Association of University Women Dissertation Fellowships Charlotte W. Newcombe Doctoral Dissertation Fellowship Ford Foundation Dissertation Fellowships Dr. Susan R. Komives Research Award ACPA Research Grants 30. #ACPA14 From Students: My ability to apply to highly relevant funding sources made my application stand out. I'm in the process of finding grants that fit my needs. This is hard to do! The most challenging aspect of writing a winning grant is finding a granting agency that is open to the kind of work I'm doing. 31. #ACPA14 Questions to consider Who cares about your research question? Who cares about / owns your dataset? Who cares about your population / sample (age, gender, etc)? Are there funders who are focused on your location? Who cares about your methods? What organizations (professional, non- profit, foundation, government, etc) share your focus area, even if in another discipline? Funding may exist from sources outside of traditional streams for your discipline. 32. #ACPA14 Quick sharing / check-in Talk with your neighbors about any resources for identifying funding opportunities you have used, expect to use, think exist, or doubt exist on your own campuses. Who can you identify as a possible resource / connection to learning more? Other questions you have so far? 33. #ACPA14 34. #ACPA14 PREPARE PROPOSALS 35. #ACPA14 There is no amount of grantsmanship that will turn a bad idea into a good one, but there are many ways to disguise a good one. WILLIAM RAUBFORMER Deputy Director, National Institutes of Health (NIH) 36. #ACPA14 Typical Components of a Grant Application Descriptive Title Abstract / Summary Overview / Narrative Significance Plan of work Background / Bibliography / Literature review Previous experience or preliminary data Applicant / Environment narrative / Personal statement Budget Completion schedule Letters of recommendation 37. #ACPA14 Review Process The NIH has wonderful videos available which give a glimpse into the reviewing process. These videos are helpful, even for those not considering NIH funding. NIH Peer Review What Happens to Your NIH Grant Application NIH Tips for Applicants http://public.csr.nih.gov/aboutcsr/cont actcsr/pages/contactorvisitcsrpages/n ih-grant-review-process-youtube- videos.aspx 38. #ACPA14 Reviewers Accomplished, dedicated, knowledgeable, cons cientious Possibly past recipients of grants from the agency, or associated with it Reviewing large stacks of proposals thoroughly and quickly Overcommitted and overworked, very tired Underpaid for their efforts (@ the meeting itself) Inherently skeptical and overly critical Looking for the easiest way to get the job done well Foundation family members 39. #ACPA14 Reviewers Keep in mind that the reviewers may not be in your same discipline / functional area. Write clearly in a way that is accessible to non- academics. Grab their attention right away title, intro sentence, etc. Websites may provide information on past/current reviewers. Use this knowledge to inform your writing. Complete your application with the review process in mind. Use the rubric, if available. 40. #ACPA14 Reviewers Talk to colleagues about any past experiences as reviewers. What did they look for? What impressed them? What were basic mistakes they saw? How did they evaluate proposals with others from different specializations? If possible, take advantage of opportunities to serve as a reviewer for grants, awards, etc. within your field. 41. #ACPA14 Some practical advice Start early. Give yourself plenty of time to write a competitive proposal and revise, revise, revise. Examples. Read successful proposals. Feedback. Have people within and outside of your field review your application. If your colleagues tell you something is unclear trust them. Contact program officers for clarification. Writing. Use clear language. Write simple and direct sentences. Use vivid verbs, avoid too many adjectives. Use repetition and parallel construction; do not substitute synonyms for repeated terms. Grab the reviewer's attention. Avoid jargon. Great idea. Have a compelling idea that advances the science and is reasonable to achieve. 42. #ACPA14 Some practical advice Match. Ensure your project matches the funding announcement AND the agency's mission. Follow the instructions. Read them. Read them again. Have someone else read them. Check that you are reading the most recent instructions. Font size. Margins. Page/word/character limits. Figures. Appendices. Headings. Use the rubric. Understand how your proposal will be evaluated and follow the instructions. Clean. No typos or grammatical errors allowed. Follow the requested format. Budget. Reasonable and accurate. On time. Submit early even, just not late. 43. #ACPA14 Attention to Detail Matters Good ideas are not enough grant writing is the fine art of assembling a persuasive narrative that convinces reviewers to fund your idea, and not other people's ideas! 44. #ACPA14 Words of advice from students: What do you believe are the most challenging aspects of grant writing? Writing concisely. Relating relevance to a general audience. Be prepared to write 8+ drafts of your proposal. Making my proposal more focused and concise, and making it accessi...</p>