7 wonders of world

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Modern 7 Wonders of the World

Modern 7 Wonders of the World

New 7 Wonders of the World(20002007) was an initiative started in 2000 as a Millennium project to chooseWonders of the Worldfrom a selection of 200 existing monuments.The popularity poll was led by Canadian-Swiss Bernard Weber and organized by the New7Wonders Foundation based in Zurich, Switzerland, with winners announced on 7 July 2007 inLisbon.

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The Great Wall of China (China)Petra (Jordan)Chichn Itz (Yucatan, Mexico)Christ The Redeemer (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)Colosseum (Rome, Italy)Machu Picchu (Cuzco, Peru)Taj Mahal (Agra, India)

The Great Wall of China(China)Constructed in 7th century B.C.The Zhou Dynasty first constructed the Wall.Qin Dynasty improved the Wall and then it came to be known as Great Wall.2000 years later Ming Dynasty came and then it built the back up wall.It took 200 years for Ming Dynasty to complete the wall which we see today.

The Great Wall of ChinaThe Great Wall of China is almost 9000 km long.

It is the longest in defensive fortification in the world. Its primary task was to defend against invaders from the Great Steppe (Mongolia, Manchuria, Russia, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan ... etc).

The wonder of the world was being built by human hand for over 2,000 years. It contains not only a stone fortification, but also natural dam rivers and mountains.

Christ The Redeemer (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)It is the symbol and the most impressive part of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.The monument is located at the peak of the 700-metre (2,300ft)Corcovado mountain in theTijuca ForestNational Park overlooking the city of Rio. The final project of Christ with outstretched arms was designed by Hector da Silva and designed by a French sculptor.Formal unveiling of the statue was followed three timesin history. Last time did it Pope John Paul II. Prior to his arrival the figure had been washed and cleaned thoroughly.

Christ The RedeemerThe statue is located on the 7-meter pedestal. The statue weighs 635metric tons, and the head is 3.5 m tall and weighs 35 tons, each hand weighs 9 tons, and the extent of the figure is 23 m.As a symbol of Brazilian Christianity, the statue has become an icon for Rio de Janeiro and Brazil.It is made ofreinforced concreteandsoapstone, and was constructed between 1922 and 1931.

Colosseum(Rome, Italy)Construction began under the emperorVespasianin 72 A.D.,and was completed in 80 A.D. under his successor and heirTitus.The Roman amphitheater built by the Flavian. It was able to seat up to 73,000 spectators. It had his own underground system of corridors. Gladiator fights, shows in a special pool, huntings of wild animals were organized in the amphitheater. Christians were murdered in this place, too. The name comes from the Greek 'Kolossos' what means 'great'. In 528 the last Olympics were held here.

Colosseum(Rome, Italy)Although in the 21st century it stays partially ruined because of damage caused by devastating earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is aniconicsymbol ofImperial Rome. It is one of Rome's most populartourist attractionsand has close connections with the Roman Catholic Church, as eachGood Fridaythe Pope leads a torchlit"Way of the Cross" processionthat starts in the area around the Colosseum.

The Colosseum is also depicted on theItalian versionof thefive-cent euro coin.11

Taj Mahal(Agra, India)Enchanted Love in marble ... can be described as a mausoleum built by Shahjahan in memory of a loved wife Mumtaz Mahal. She was 36 years old and gave birth to 14 children. She died when the last child was born. The legend says that before death, her husband gave three promises: he will never marry again, he will take care of children and he will build a building that will commemorate her. He fulfilled all the promises. He built the splendid palace that has no equivalent in the world.

Taj Mahal(Agra, India)The famed mausoleum complex of whitedomedmarbleof the Taj Mahal actually is an integrated complex of many structures. The construction began around 1632 and was completed in about 22 years, in 1653, employing around 20,000 artisans and craftsmen throughout the empire.The construction was entrusted to a board of architects, the chief architect probably beingUstad Ahmad Lahauri.

Petra(Jordan)Established possibly as early as 312 BC as the capital city of theNabataeans.It is a symbol of Jordan, as well as Jordan's most-visited tourist attraction.It lies on the slope ofJebel al-Madhbah (identified by some as the biblicalMount Hor) in abasinamong the mountains which form the eastern flank ofArabah, the large valley running from theDead Seato theGulf of Aqaba.

PetraPetra is a ruin of Nabateans city. To reach it, you have to overcome only a narrow rocky path that leads to it. Most of the buildings have been carved in the rocks.

Petra was repeatedly besieged, but even such personalities as: Cleopatra, Herod the Great, Octavian Augustus, Pompey the Great, failed to capture the city.

Petra was a trophy until it was reached by a Roman emperor Trajan, then Hadrian, and at the end Saladin who destroyed the city.

The site suffers from a host of threats, including collapse of ancient structures, erosion due to flooding and improper rainwater drainage, weathering from salt upwelling,[23]improper restoration of ancient structures, and unsustainable tourism.[24]17

Chichn Itz(Yucatan, Mexico)Chichn Itz literally means 'Origins of Itz people.The city was found by the Maya in Mexico in 450 A.D. It was developed the most in X-XI century. The site exhibits a multitude ofarchitectural styles, reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico and of thePuucand Chenes styles of the Northern Maya lowlands.

Chichn ItzThe most famous building in Chichn Itz is El Castillo - Temple Cuculcan.It was built on the pyramid consisted of nine terraces. Each of the pyramid's four sides has 91 steps which, when added together and including the temple platform on top as the final 'step', produces a total of 365 steps (which is equal to the number of days of the solar year..

Chichen Itza is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico; in 2007 it was estimated to receive an average of 1.2 million visitors every year.[63]

Chichen Itza is one of the most visited archaeological sites in Mexico; in 2007 it was estimated to receive an average of 1.2 million visitors every year.[63]

a Mayafeathered serpent deityOn theSpringandAutumn equinoxes, in the late afternoon, the northwest corner of the pyramid casts a series of triangular shadows against the western balustrade on the north side that evokes the appearance of a serpent wriggling down the staircase, which some scholars have suggested is a representation of the feathered-serpent god Kukulkan.20

Machu Picchu (Cuzco, Peru)The best preserved city of the Incas to the present day.It was built in the fifteenth century, according to sensationally developed plan and was abandoned of unknown reasons in 1537. Machu Picchu was discovered by an ordinary thief, who in the agreement with the Peruvian government and the local president 'legally' traded the finding. The material used to build the city is bright granite.

Machu Picchu (Cuzco, Peru)The stairs can be seen everywhere. Researchers have found 1200 ones. In the past they were used for communication among different levels of the city.

The highest place in Machu Picchu is an astronomical observatory - Intihuatana -place where the sun stops. A stone pillar was carved in a solid rock.

Machu Picchu was built in the classical Inca style, with polisheddry-stone walls. Its three primary structures are theInti Watana, theTemple of the Sun, and theRoom of the Three Windows.In 2007, Machu Picchu was voted one of theNew Seven Wonders of the Worldin a worldwide Internet poll.23

References (April 20, 2015)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christ_the_Redeemer_(statue)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Taj_Mahalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Colosseumhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Wall_of_Chinahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Machu_Picchuhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chichen_Itzahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Petrahttp://www.new7wonders.com/

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