16 TENSES, RUMUS, CONTOH KALIMAT

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  1. 1. TUGAS SOFTSKILL BAHASA INGGRIS SENTENCE CONTRUCTIONS NAMA : FICCA MUREN NPM : 14214194 KELAS : 1EA02
  2. 2. 1. SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE a. Indicates that the condition is going on or exists now or is used to express habitual actions or general truths. b. (S+V1+es/s) c. Adverb of time : always, as a rule, generally, normally, usually, often, everyday, every ..., at night, seldom, sometimes, once, twice ... times, seven a ..., on ..., rarely. d. Examples : 1. (+) Claudy work at the office. (-) Claudy doesnt work at the office. (?) Does Claudy work at the office? 2. (+) Shera goes to the college by train. (-) Shera doesnt go to the college by train. (?) Does Shera go to the college by train? 3. (+) Marry lives in a small house in front of my house. (-) Marry doesnt live in a small house in front of my house. (?) Does Marry live in a small house in front of my house? 4. (+) Tia usually wears a black tie. (-) Tia usually doesnt wear a black tie. (?) Does she usually wear a black tie? 5. (+) We usually greet the teachers if we meet them. (-) We usually don't greet the teachers if we meet them. (?) Do we greet the teachers if we meet them? e. WH-Questions : 1. A. Who is work at the office? Claudy. B. Where is Claudy worked? At the office. 2. A. What the transportation Sheras used? By train. B. Where is Shera goes? Shera goes to the college. 3. A. Who is lives in a small that house? Marry. B. Where is Marry house? In front of my house. 4. A. What is colour of Tias tie? Black colour. B. Who is usually wears black tie? Tia. 5. A. Who is always greet the teachers? The students/ we. B. Who is always get the greeting? The teacher f. Tag Questions : 1. Claudy works at the office, isnt she? 2. Shera goes to the college by train, isnt she? 3. Marry lives in a small house in front of my house, isnt she? 4. Tia usually wears a black tie, doesnt she? 5. We usually greet the teachers if we meet them, arent we?
  3. 3. 2. PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE a. Used to express an action happening now (at the moment of speaking). b. (S+to be (is,am,are) + Ving) c. Adverb of time : now, right now, today, soon, at present, this ..., tonight, tomorrow, in a few days, this moment d. Examples : 1. (+) Dera is sending a novel for me. (-) Dera is not sending a novel for me. (?) Is she sent a novel for me? 2. (+) Roy and Rey are sleeping on my bed. (-) They are not sleeping on my bed. (?) Are they slept on my bed? 3. (+) Ferly is eating cake at pantry. (-) Ferly is not eating cake at pantry. (?) Is he eating cake at pantry? 4. (+) My father is watching television on living room. (-) My father is not watching television on living room. (?) Is my father watch television on living room? 5. (+) They are cooking instant noodle in my kitchen. (-) They are not cooking instant noodle in my kitchen. (?) Are they cooked instant noodle in my kitchen? e. WH-Questions : 1. A. Who is sending a novel? Dera. B. What is Dera sent? A novel. 2. A. Where are they sleeping? On my bed. B. Who is sleep on a bed? Roy and Rey 3. A. Where is Ferly eating the cake? At the pantry. B. Who is eating the cake? Ferly 4. A. What is Father watching? A television. B. Where is Father watching a television? At living room. 5. A. What is they cooking in the kitchen? A instant noodle B. Where is they cooking instant noodle? In the kitchen. f. Tag-Questions : 1. Dera is sending a novel for me, isnt she? 2. They are sleeping on my bed, arent they? 3. Ferly is eating cake at pantry, isnt he? 4. My father is watching television on living room, isnt he? 5. They are cooking instant noodle in my kitchen, arent they?
  4. 4. 3. PRESENT PERFECT TENSE a. Used for showing the perfection of an action by now; the time is not important but the results is. And used to express the action that started at a certain time in the past, and its still going on till now. b. (S+have/has+V3) c. Adverb of time : once, several times, twice, this ..., many time, ... time, just, not yet, already, at last, so far, since ..., never, ever, for ..., finally, lately, recently, as yet, often, almost, occasionally, sometimes, always, usually, just now. d. Examples : 1. (+) Sheeran has played football. (-) Sheeran has not played football. (?) Has he played football? 2. (+) Hilda has driven the car. (-) Hilda has not driven the car. (?) Has Hilda driven the car? 3. (+) Ricky has written a letter for his mother. (-) Ricky has not a written a letter for his mother. (?) Has Ricky written a letter for his mother? 4. (+) Dane has gone to campus. (-) Dane has not gone to campus. (?) Has Dane gone to campus? 5. (+) You have broken the glass in the kitchen. (-) You have not broken the glass in the kitchen (?) Have you broken the glass in the kitchen? e. WH-Questions : 1. A. Who has played football? Sheeran B. What has Sheeran did? Played football. 2. A. What has Hilda driven? The car. B. Who has driven the car? Hilda 3. A. Who has written the letter? Ricky B. Where has the letter sent? For Rickys mother 4. A. Where have you gone? To campus. B. Who have gone to campus? Dane 5. A. Where have you broken the glass? In the kitchen. B. What have you broken? The glass. f. Tag Questions : 1. Sheran has played football, hasnt you? 2. Hilda has driven the car, hasnt she? 3. Ricky has written a letter for her mother, hasnt he? 4. Dane has gone to campus, hasnt he?
  5. 5. 5. You have broken the glass in the kitchen, havent you? 4. PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOS TENSE a. Used to express the action beginning in the past, and still continuing at the present moment. b. (S+have/has+been+Ving) c. Adverb of time : for, since, long, for over ..., the whole ..., all morning, lately, recently, this ..., over ... d. Examples : 1. (+) The manager has been checking the files. (-) The manager has not been checking the files. (?) Has the manager been checking the files? 2. (+) The toddlers have been playing cards. (-) The toddlers have not been playing cards. (?) Have the toddlers been playing cards? 3. (+) I have been driving a car through the snow for an hour. (-) I have not been driving car through the snow for an hour. (?) Have you been driving car through the snow for an hour? 4. (+) They have been working at the school together since senior high school. (-) They have been working at the school together since senior high school. (?) Have they been working at the school together since senior high school? 5. (+) She has been working at that company for three years. (-) She has not been working at that company for three years. (?) Has she been working at that company for three years? e. WH-Questions : 1. A. Who has checking the files? The manager. B. What has the manager been checking? The files. 2. A. Who have been playing the cards? The Toddlers. B. What have the toodlers been playing? The cards. 3. A. What have you been through by car? The snow. B. How long have you been through the snow? For an hour 4. A. When have they been working together? Since Senior High School. B. Where have they been working? At the school. 5. A. Where has she been working? At the company. B. How long has she been working at the company? For 3 years. g. Tag Questions :
  6. 6. 1. The manager has been checking the files, hasnt he? 2. The toddlers have been playing cards, havent they? 3. I have been driving a car through the snow for an hour, havent you? 4. They have been working together since senior high school, havent them? 5. She has been working at that company for three years, hasnt she? 5. PAST TENSE b. Used to express past action when a definite point of time in the past is given, a past habit, and it conditional sentence. c. (S+V2) d. Adverb of time : this ..., last ..., ... ago, yesterday, yesterday ..., once upon a time, long time ago, the other day, just now, formerly, in 1978, the day before yesterday. e. Examples : 1. (+) I bought Asus Zenphone 6 in the mall. (-) I didn't buy Asus Zenphone 6 in the mall. (?) Did you buy Asus Zenphone 6 in the mall? 2. (+) You paid the government taxes last year. (-) You didn't pay the government taxes last year. (?) Did you pay the government taxes last year? 3. (+) They drank too much Coca Cola last night. (-) They didn't drink Coca Cola last night. (?) Did they drink too much Coca Cola last night? 4. (+) The government raised the fuel price. (-) The government didn't raise the fuel price. (?) Did the government raise the fuel price? 5. (+) Mickey ate some cake this morning. (-) Mickey did not eat some cake this morning. (?) Did Mickey eat some cake this morning? f. WH-Questions : 1. A. What did you bought? Asus Zenphone 6. B. Where did you bought the asus zenphone 6? In the mall. 2. A. When did you paid the government taxes? Last year. B. What did you paid last year? The government taxes. 3. A. What did they drank too much? Coca Cola. B. When did they drank too much? Last night. 4. A. Who did raised the fuel price? The government. B. What did the government raised the price? A fuel 5. A. What did Mickey eat this morning? Some cake. B. Who did eat the cake? Mickey.
  7. 7. g. Tag Questions : 1. I didn't buy Asus Zenphone 6 in the mall, did I? 2. You didn't pay the government taxes last year, did you? 3. They didn't drink Coca Cola last night, did they? 4. The government didn't raise the fuel price, did they? 5. Mickey did not eat some cake this morning, did he? 6. PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE a. Used for an action that was going on at a given time or period of time in the past; we are interested in the action, not in the completion. b. (S+was/were+Ving+O) c. Adverb of time : as, when, while, all day yesterday, the whole day last d. Examples : 1. (+) Larry was reading a magazine when you called. (-) Larry was not reading a magazine when you called. (?) Was Larry reading a magazine when you called? 2. (+) She was reading a book while the library was closed. (-) She was not reading a book while the library was closed. (?) Was she reading a book while the library was closed? 3. (+) Cakra was s