Transcript
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    Table of contents

    Acknowledgement

    Chapter

    1

    A. INTRODUCTIONA.1 Community Mental

    Health

    A.2 Present program of DOH in relation to

    CMH

    A.3 Relevance of NCM 103 Activities to

    CMH

    B. APPLICATION OF DEVELOPMENTALTHEORIESB.1 FAMILY MEMBER

    1

    B.1.1 Psychosexual theory by Sigmund Freud

    B.1.2 Psychosocial theory by Erik Erikson

    B.1.3 Interpersonal theory by Harry Sullivan

    B.2 FAMILY MEMBER

    2

    B.1.1 Psychosexual theory by Sigmund Freud

    B.1.2 Psychosocial theory by Erik Erikson

    B.1.3 Interpersonal theory by Harry Sullivan

    B.3 FAMILY MEMBER

    3

    B.1.1 Psychosexual theory by Sigmund Freud

    B.1.2 Psychosocial theory by Erik Erikson

    B.1.3 Interpersonal theory by Harry Sullivan

    B.4 FAMILY MEMBER

    4

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    B.1.1 Psychosexual theory by Sigmund Freud

    B.1.2 Psychosocial theory by Erik Erikson

    B.1.3 Interpersonal theory by Harry Sullivan

    C. DESCRIPTION OF THECOMMUNITYC.1 General description of the community

    C.2 Brief history of the community

    C.3 Social description of the community

    C.4 Spot map of the community

    C.5 Organizational chart of the community

    D. DEFINITION OFTERMS

    CHAPTER II

    REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

    A. TITLE OF LITERATURE 1: Coping with Death to Handle theDeath of a Loved One and Move Forward

    A.1.

    Summary

    A.2. Importance of the literature to Present Study-

    A.3. Personal View

    Points

    B. TITLE OF LITERATURE 2: Talking to a Loved One About Death

    B.1.

    Summary

    B.2. Importance of the Literature to Present

    Study

    B.3. Personal View

    Points

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    CHAPTER III

    PRESENTATION, INTERPRETATION & ANALYSIS OF DATA

    A. TABULAR PRESENTATION OF THE MENTAL ASPECTS(Individual)

    A.1. Family Member 1

    A.1.1. Tension (Pagkabalisa)

    A.1.2. Mood (Damdamin)

    A1.3. Thought (Pag-iisip)

    A1.4. Activity (Gawain)

    A.1.5. Organization/Control (Organisasyon)

    A.1.6. Relationship (Pakikipagrelasyon)

    A.1.7. Physical (Pisikal)

    A.1.8. Summary of Mental Aspects for Each Family

    Member

    A.2. FAMILY MEMBER 2

    A.2.1. Tension (Pagkabalisa)

    A.2.2. Mood (Damdamin)

    A.2.3. Thought (Pag-iisip)

    A.2.4. Activity (Gawain)

    A.2.5. Organization/Control (Organisasyon)

    A.2.6. Relationship (Pakikipagrelasyon)

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    A.2.7. Physical (Pisikal)

    A.2.8. Summary of Mental Aspects for Each Family

    Member

    A.3. Family Member 3

    A.3.1. Tension (Pagkabalisa)

    A.3.2. Mood (Damdamin)

    A.3.3. Thought (Pag-iisip)

    A.3.4. Activity (Gawain)

    A.3.5. Organization/Control (Organisasyon)

    A.3.6. Relationship (Pakikipagrelasyon)

    A.3.7. Physical (Pisikal)

    A.3.8. Summary of Mental Aspects for Each Family

    Member

    A.4. Family Member 4

    A.4.1. Tension (Pagkabalisa)

    A.4.2. Mood (Damdamin)

    A.4.3. Thought (Pag-iisip)

    A.4.4. Activity (Gawain)

    A.4.5. Organization/Control (Organisasyon)

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    A.4.6. Relationship (Pakikipagrelasyon)

    A.4.7. Physical (Pisikal)

    A.4.8. Summary of Mental Aspects for Each Family

    Member

    B. SUMMARY OF MENTAL ASPECTS FOR THE WHOLEFAMILY

    C. SAMMARY OF ALL MENTAL ASPECTS OF THE FAMILY: TOTALCOMPUTATION

    D. % of ALL FAMILY MENTAL HEALTH

    ASPECTSD.1 High Risk Member

    1

    D.1.1 Mood (Damdamin): Score-

    D.2 High Risk Member

    2

    D.2.1 Mood (Damdamin): Score-

    E.

    CONCLUSION

    F.

    RECOMMENDATION

    CHAPTER

    IV

    FAMILY THERAPY

    A. FamilyTherapy

    A.1.

    Discussion

    A.2. Goals/

    Objectives

    B.

    Sociogram

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    C.

    Genogram

    D. Process

    Recording

    BIBLIOGRAPHY

    APPENDICES

    Appendix A Mental Status evaluation

    tool

    Appendix B Mental status evaluation of each family

    member Appendix C Original articles/relatedliteratures Appendix D

    Documentation

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    ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

    We would like to acknowledge the following for letting us accomplished this study.Without the help of them, it wouldnt be possible for us to finish this. We would like to

    give thanks to the Almighty God for protecting and guiding us during our community

    immersion.

    We would also like to thank Dean Locquiao, for being a responsible leader and for being

    able to communicate well and have some contracts to the community, for the sake of her

    students in order to have a chance to be immersed and have a successful experience inan actual setting.

    We would like to thank our community coordinator Mr. Christopher James Macario for a

    well planned activities in the community, he was able to communicate with the different

    barangay in order to maintain the relationship for the other upcoming year levels who will

    going to have an immersion.

    To our clinical instructor, Ms. Draguin, for giving us a well explained concept, and for

    imparting his knowledge to us, for giving his full patience in guiding us throughout the

    exposure to our immersion.

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    I would also like to thank Barangay San Pedro Sto. Tomas Batangas, for letting us stay

    for our exposure and by helping us in our activities, and by giving us a warm welcome

    and hospitality, we would like to give our gratitude for our dear foster parents who

    welcomed us and give their full respect, cooperation and interest in our activities.

    Finally, I would like to thank my group mates for giving me their cooperation and

    knowledge for the study, and giving their moral support in the activity.

    B. Application of Psycho-social Theories

    Theory Stage Major

    developmental

    task

    Application in

    past

    Application

    in present

    Psychosexual

    Theory

    (Freud)

    Oral

    (birth to 1

    year)

    The mouth is

    the area of

    pleasure.Sucking, eating

    and vocalizing

    are examples

    of activities

    which provide

    oral

    gratification.

    She oral needs

    were given and

    he was a bottle

    fed.

    Drinking

    alcohol is one

    of the signs of

    an unsatisfied

    fixation in

    oral stage that

    she elicits.

    Anal

    (1 to 3

    years)

    associated with

    the ability to

    defecate at will

    and hold it is a

    focus. Toilet

    training is

    significant.

    She was

    trained to go to

    the comfort

    room and

    urinates

    independently

    when there is a

    Clients claims

    that she has

    no problems

    regarding

    elimination at

    present.

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    need to

    defecate.

    Phallic

    (4 to 6 years)

    Recognition of

    the differences

    between the

    sexes is a focus

    and the genital

    area is now

    interest.

    She was

    attached to his

    mother.

    She separated

    from her

    mother

    because she

    have their

    own family.

    Latency

    (6 to puberty)

    Play and

    acquiringknowledge

    occupy most of

    the childs time

    and energy.

    During her

    school days,she said he was

    close to her

    friends or

    barkadas.

    She has

    friends butshe focuses

    more on her

    family.

    Genital

    (puberty and

    after)

    Final major

    stage in freuds

    theory. That

    focuses on

    sexual

    maturation

    with energy

    also spent on

    friendships and

    readying

    marriage.

    She said that

    she has a

    crushes and

    girlfriend.

    She said that

    she love her

    family and

    also her sister.

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    Theory Stage Major

    developmental

    task

    Application in

    past

    Application

    in present

    Psychosocial

    theory(Erik Erickson)

    Infancy

    (trust vs.mistrust)

    learning to trust

    others. Trust is

    relative tosomething or

    someone;

    therefore,consistency in

    the caregiver

    and dailyroutine can be

    significant.

    Mistrust can

    develop when

    basic needs arenot met.

    She was

    sociallyattached to her

    mother an can

    easily get along

    with people he

    meets.

    She trusts her

    friendsbecause those

    are the people

    whom she

    shared those

    happy and

    sad

    memories.

    Early childhood

    (Autonomy vs.

    Shame and

    doubt)

    -control without

    loss of self

    esteem, abilityto cooperate

    and to express

    oneself.

    During this

    stage, client

    claims that they

    were trained to

    be independent

    at an early age.

    According to

    her she learned

    to speak and

    walk at an early

    age.

    She said that

    she likes his

    life today

    because it is

    the product of

    her past

    decisions.

    She doesnt

    have regrets

    about it.

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    Late childhood

    (Initiative vs.

    guilt)

    learning the

    degree to whichassertiveness

    and purpose

    influence theenvironment

    begins to have

    the ability to

    evaluate onesown behaviour.

    At an early age

    her mother

    brings him at

    church every

    Sunday. She

    claimed that hismother allow

    her to play

    outside with his

    friends.

    She and her

    sister both

    decide on

    their family.

    School age

    (Industry vs.Inferiority)

    to create,develop and

    manipulate.Developing asense of

    competence and

    perseverancethat focus is

    achievement

    andaccomplishmen

    t.

    Clients claim

    that since hegrew up in a

    simple family.

    She has dreams

    that someday

    he could have a

    successful life.

    She doesnt

    need anyappreciation

    or any reward

    just to finish

    a task

    Adolescence

    (Identify vs.

    role confusion)

    coherent sense

    of self, plans toactualize ones

    abilities at this

    stage, when thebody changes

    dramatically

    and rapidly, thechild may be

    Claim that her

    mother and

    father serve as a

    role mother for

    him.

    She sees

    herself as a

    good mother

    to her

    daughter.

    She is doing

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    anxious over

    not knowinghis/her own

    body.

    everything to

    help her

    family.

    Theory Stage Major

    developmental

    task

    Application in

    past

    Application

    in present

    Interpersonal

    Theory (Harry

    Stack Sullivan)

    Infancy

    (Birth to onset

    of language)

    Primary need

    for bodily

    contact and

    tendernessPrototaxic

    modedominates (norelation

    between

    experiences)Primary zones

    are oral and

    anal.

    If needs aremet, infant has

    sense of well-

    being; unmetneeds lead

    to dread and

    anxiety.

    Client had

    received love

    and tenderness

    from her

    parents which

    brought him to

    be a responsible

    mother and

    sister.

    She gave

    loved and

    care to her

    family.

    Childhood

    (Language to 5

    years)

    Parents viewed

    as source of

    praise andacceptance

    Shift toparataxic mode(experiences

    are connected

    in sequence toeach other)

    Primary zone is

    anal.

    Gratificationleads to

    positive self-

    During her

    childhood,

    client is stillattached to her

    parent.

    She has it

    own family.

    In times ofproblem she

    seeks help

    with his

    family.

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    esteem.

    Moderateanxiety leads to

    uncertainty and

    insecurity;

    severeanxiety results

    in self-

    defeating

    patterns of

    behavior.

    Juvenile(58 years)

    Shift to the

    sytaxic modebegins

    (thinking about

    self and othersbased on

    analysis of

    experiences in avariety of

    situations).

    Opportunities

    for approval

    and acceptanceof others

    Learn tonegotiate own

    needs

    Severe anxietymay result in a

    need to control

    or restrictive,prejudicial

    attitudes.

    Clients wastaught by her

    mother that

    elders should

    be an

    authoritiy.

    She has anauthoritiy on

    their family

    because she is

    a HEAD of

    the family.

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    Adolescence

    (Puberty to

    adulthood)

    Lust is added tointerpersonalequation.

    Need for

    special sharing

    relationshipshifts to the

    opposite sex.

    Newopportunities

    for social

    experimentation lead to the

    consolidation

    of self-esteem

    or self-ridicule.If the self-

    system is intact,

    areas ofconcern expand

    to include

    values, ideals,

    career

    decisions, and

    social concerns.

    She share her

    problem to her

    family to solve.

    She share her

    problem to

    her family to

    solve.

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    D. Definition of Terms

    Mental health

    a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her own

    abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively

    and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.

    Mental Illness

    is a psychological or behavioral pattern that occurs in an individual and is

    thought to cause distress or disability that is not expected as part of normal

    development or culture. The recognition and understanding of mental

    disorders has changed over time and across cultures.

    Family

    a group ofpeople oranimals (many species form the equivalent of a

    human family wherein the adults care for the young) affiliated by

    consanguinity,affinity orco-residence. Although the concept ofconsanguinity originally referred to relations by "blood", anthropologists

    have argued that one must understand the idea of "blood" metaphorically

    and that many societies understand family through other concepts rather

    than through genetic distance.

    Psychiatric Nursing

    is the speciality ofnursing that cares for people of all ages with mental

    illness or mental distress, such as schizophrenia,bipolar disorder,

    psychosis, depression ordementia. Nurses in this area receive additionaltraining inpsychological therapies, building a therapeutic alliance, dealing

    with challenging behavior, and the administration ofpsychiatric

    medication.

    Mental hygiene

    the science of promoting mental health and preventing mental illnessthrough the application of psychiatry and psychology. A more commonly

    used term today is mental health

    Job

    Group ofhomogenoustasks related by similarity offunctions. Whenperformed by an employee in anexchange forpay, a job consists ofduties,

    responsibilities, and tasks (performanceelements) that are (1) defined and

    specific, and (2) can beaccomplished, quantified, measured, and rated.From a widerperspective, a job is synonymous with a 'role' and includes

    the physical and social aspects of a workenvironment. Often,individuals

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peoplehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animalshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consanguinityhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affinity_(sociology)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Householdhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_anthropologyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_distancehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nursinghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mental_illnesshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mental_illnesshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schizophreniahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bipolar_disorderhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychosishttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clinical_depressionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dementiahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychotherapyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Therapeutic_alliancehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychiatric_medicationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychiatric_medicationhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/group.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/homogenous.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/task.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/function.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/function.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/employee.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/exchange.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/exchange.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/pay.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/pay.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/duty.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/responsibility.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/performance.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/element.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/element.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/accomplished.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/accomplished.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/perspective.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/perspective.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/role.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/role.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/work.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/environment.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/environment.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/environment.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/individual.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/individual.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peoplehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animalshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Consanguinityhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affinity_(sociology)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Householdhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultural_anthropologyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genetic_distancehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nursinghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mental_illnesshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mental_illnesshttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Schizophreniahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bipolar_disorderhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychosishttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clinical_depressionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dementiahttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychotherapyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Therapeutic_alliancehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychiatric_medicationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychiatric_medicationhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/group.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/homogenous.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/task.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/function.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/employee.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/exchange.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/pay.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/duty.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/responsibility.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/performance.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/element.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/accomplished.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/perspective.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/role.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/work.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/environment.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/individual.html
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    identify themselves with their job or role (foreman, supervisor, engineer,

    etc.) and derive motivationfrom its uniqueness or usefulness.

    Alcoholism has multiple and sometimes conflicting definitions. In common and

    historic usage, alcoholism is any condition that results in the continuedconsumption ofalcoholic beverages, despite health problems and negative

    social consequences.

    Smoking

    is a practice in which a substance, most commonly tobacco, is burned and

    the smoke tasted or inhaled. This is primarily practised as a route of

    administration forrecreational drug use, as combustion releases the activesubstances in drugs such as nicotine and makes them available for

    absorption through the lungs. It can also be done as a part of rituals, to

    induce trances and spiritual enlightenment. The most common method ofsmoking today is through cigarettes, primarily industrially manufactured

    but also hand-rolled from loose tobacco and rolling paper. Other smoking

    tools includespipes, cigars,hookahs and bongs. Smoking is one of themost common forms of recreational drug use.

    Community

    group of interacting organisms sharing an environment. In human

    communities, intent, belief, resources,preferences,needs, risks, and anumber of other conditions may be present and common, affecting the

    identity of the participants and their degree of cohesiveness.

    Stress

    It refers to the consequence of the failure of an organism human or

    animal to respond appropriately to emotional orphysical threats,

    whether actual or imagined.

    Family Therapy

    also referred to as couple and family therapy and family systemstherapy, is a branch ofpsychotherapy that works with families and

    couples in intimate relationships to nurture change and development. It

    tends to view change in terms of the systems of interaction between family

    members. It emphasizes family relationships as an important factor in

    psychological health.

    http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/foreman.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/supervisor.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/engineer.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/engineer.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/motivation.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/motivation.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholic_beveragehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobaccohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smokehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Route_of_administrationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Route_of_administrationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recreational_drug_usehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Combustionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Active_substancehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Active_substancehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicotinehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cigarettehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rolling_paperhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smoking_pipe_(tobacco)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cigarhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hookahhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environment_(biophysical)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intentionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beliefhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_resourcehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preferencehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Need_assessmenthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riskhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Identity_(social_science)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organismhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emotionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bodyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychotherapyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Familyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intimate_relationshiphttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Systemhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/foreman.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/supervisor.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/engineer.htmlhttp://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/motivation.htmlhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alcoholic_beveragehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tobaccohttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smokehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Route_of_administrationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Route_of_administrationhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Recreational_drug_usehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Combustionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Active_substancehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Active_substancehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nicotinehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunghttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cigarettehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rolling_paperhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Smoking_pipe_(tobacco)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cigarhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hookahhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Environment_(biophysical)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intentionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beliefhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Natural_resourcehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preferencehttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Need_assessmenthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Riskhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Identity_(social_science)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Organismhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humanhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Animalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emotionhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bodyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psychotherapyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Familyhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intimate_relationshiphttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/System
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    Psycho Therapy

    personal counseling with a psychotherapist, is an intentional interpersonal

    relationship used by trained psychotherapists to aid a client orpatient inproblems of living.

    Crisis

    may occur on a personal or societal level. It may be an unstable and

    dangerous social situation, inpolitical,social,economic, militaryaffairs,

    or a large-scale environmental event, especially one involving an

    impending abrupt change. More loosely, it is a term meaning 'a testing

    time' or 'emergency event'.

    Maturational Crisis

    a transitional or developmental period within a person's life, such as

    puberty, when psychologic equilibrium is upset.

    Situational Crisis

    emerges when an uncommon or extraordinary event occurs. Such events

    are uncontrollable and the individual usually has no means of forecasting

    its occurrence. It is imporatant to understand that situational crises occur at

    random, are shocking, intense and catastrophic.

    Crisis Intervention

    refers to the methods used to offer immediate, short-term help to

    individuals who experience an event that produces emotional, mental,

    physical, and behavioral distress or problems. A crisis can refer to any

    situation in which the individual perceives a sudden loss of his or her

    ability to use effective problem-solving and coping skills. A number of

    events or circumstances can be considered a crisis: life-threatening

    situations, such as natural disasters (such as an earthquake or tornado),

    sexual assault or other criminal victimization; medical illness; mental

    illness; thoughts ofsuicide or homicide; and loss or drastic changes in

    relationships (death of a loved one or divorce, for example).

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interpersonal_relationshiphttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interpersonal_relationshiphttp://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Clienthttp://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Patienthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politicalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socialhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economichttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Militaryhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affairhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interpersonal_relationshiphttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interpersonal_relationshiphttp://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Clienthttp://en.wiktionary.org/wiki/Patienthttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Politicalhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Socialhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Economichttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Militaryhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Affair
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    Chapter III

    A. Tabular presentation of mental health aspects for each family member

    Client: Marilou Villegas

    Age: 38 years old

    I. Pagkabalisa (Tension)

    0 10 20 30

    0

    1

    2

    3.1

    3.2

    4

    5

    6

    Normal

    Emergency

    Neurotic Coping

    Calculation:

    10+10= 20/2= 10

    Interpretation:

    Clients answers to question 1 and 2 are categorized as Normal while

    question 3.1, 3.2, 4, 5, 6 as Hindi/wala.

    Analysis:

    The patient felt tension when she has a problem, like when his brother have

    experienced was shot on his back last 2005. She also feels tension when she is

    thinking about her health problem (cataract and cyst).

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    Behavioral systems model by Albert Ellis views the person as a behavioral

    system with patterned, repetitive and purposeful ways of behaving that link the

    person to the environment. In relation to the client, the tension he feels and

    experiences were situational, such as if problems arise consecutively or at the same

    time. The same problems were easier to cope up because her reactions were not

    that intense the first time she encounter it.

    II. Damdamin (Mood)

    0 10 20 30 40

    1

    2

    3

    4.1

    4.2

    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    10

    11

    12

    Normal

    Emergency

    Neurotic Coping

    Calculation:

    110/5= 22

    Interpretation:

    Clients answers to question 1, 4.1, 4.2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 were categorized

    Hindi/wala, while question 2 and 3 as normal. Question 10, 11, 12 as Neurotic

    Coping.

    Analysis:

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    The patient is positive thinker. She verbalized that she fears death. When she feels

    sad or lonely , she just watched television and play with her pamangkins. Whenever she

    has a problem, she consults her friend to lessen her feelings.

    Adaptation model of Albert Ellis views a person as human system that have

    thinking and feeling capacities rooted in consciousness and meaning. In relation to the

    patient, he said that she is moody. When shes angry, she prefers to be silent and

    sometimes tries to laugh at problems for distraction.

    III. Pag-iisip (Thought)

    0 5 10 15 20 25 30

    0

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    Normal

    Emergency

    Neurotic Coping

    Calculation:

    30/3= 10

    Interpretation:

    Clients answers to question 1, 2 and 3 were categorized as Normal while

    question 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8 as Hindi/wala.

    Analysis:

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    The patient seeks help from her friends. She doesnt focus on her problem.

    The only thing that frequently comes in her mind was the death of the mother.

    Unitary Human Beings model by Martha E. Rogers defines a person

    as an open system in continuous process with the open system that is the

    environment. According to the patient, there are thoughts that affects her

    performance in her work. She also prioritizes mental solutions rather than being

    emotional.

    IV. Gawain (Activity)

    0 5 10 15 20 25 30

    0

    1

    2

    4

    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    10

    Normal

    Emergency

    Neurotic Coping

    Calculation:

    90/6= 15

    Interpretation:

    Clients answers to question 1, 2 and 3, 4were categorized as Normal.

    Question 5, 6, 7, 8 as Hindi/wala, while Question 6 as Emergency. Question 9 as

    neurotic Coping.

    Analysis:

    The patient has interest to do household chores. According to her their

    finances are not enough to sustain their everyday finances. Her sister spend 600

    pesos a month. And the work of the daughter of her sister was a caregiver.

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    According to Maslow in his Hierarchy of Needs, physiologic needs should

    be satisfied first. When this is achieved, a certain individual would be able to

    conduct activities efficiently.

    V. Organisasyon (Organization/Control)

    0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

    0

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    89

    10

    11

    12

    Normal

    Emergency

    Neurotuc Coping

    Calculation:

    90/6= 15

    Interpretation:

    Clients answers to question 1, 2, 3 and 4 are categorized as Normal.

    Question 5, 6, 7as Emergency. Question 8, 10 and 12 as Hindi/Wala. However

    question 9 and 11 as interpreted as Neurotic Coping.

    Analysis:

    The client seeks help from her family especially when their budget was

    insufficient. She also seeks help from her friends. According to her, she has

    already learned from her mistakes.

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    According to Erik Eriksons psychosocial theory, client falls under integrity

    versus despair. The positive behavior displays acceptance of worth and

    uniqueness of ones own life. In relation to the patient, she is open to innovations

    and suggestions. She learns from previous experiences.

    VI.Pakikipagrelasyon (Relationship)

    0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

    0

    2

    4

    6

    8

    10

    12

    14

    16

    Normal

    Emergency

    Neurotic Coping

    Calculation:

    70/4= 17.5

    Interpretation:

    Clients answers to question 2, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12 and 13 are categorized

    as Hindi/Wala. Question 1 and 3 as Normal. Question 5 as Emergency. However

    question 14 as Neurotic Coping.

    Analysis:

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    The patient claimed is friendly. She seek helps when she has a problem. And

    whenever she was angry to someone, she verbalizes her feelings to them.

    According to Sullivans Interpersonal Theory, she considered interpersonal

    relations and socialization process important to how individual feels about

    themselves. She saw individual striving for security and relief from anxiety toprotect themselves and their self system.

    VII. Pisikal (Physical)

    0 5 10 15 20 25 30

    0

    1

    2

    34

    5

    6

    6.1

    6.2

    6.3

    6.4

    6.5

    7

    8

    9

    10

    Normal

    Emergency

    Neurotic Coping

    Calculation:

    130/7= 18.57

    Interpretation:

    Clients answers to question 1, 2 and 3 are categorized as Normal. Question

    4, 5, 6.1, 6.2, 7, 8, 9 and 10are categorized as Hindi/Wala. In addition, Question 6,

    6.4 as Emergency. While question 6.3 and 6.5 as Neurotic Coping.

    Analysis:

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    The patient doesnt experience any problem with regard to her digestion,

    skin and weight. She claimed that she is contented on her physical aspect.

    According to Hans Selye of Modern Stress Theory, stress is the non-specific

    response of the body to any demand made upon it and whenever stress is

    prolonged or intense it may lead to exhaustion. Also, according to Maslows

    hierarchy of needs, physiological needs should be established first in order to

    survive and maintain health. In relation to the patient, he experiences problem in

    physical aspect because of her dry skin.