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Zoltan, Ildiko - Engleza - Exercitii de Gramatica

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CONTENTSI. TENSES 1. PRESENT SIMPLE or CONTINUOUS 2. PAST SIMPLE or CONTINUOUS 3. PRESENT PERFECT or SIMPLE PAST 4. PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE or CONTINUOUS 5. PAST SIMPLE or PAST PERFECT (S/C) 6. FOR or SINCE 7. FOR and SINCE CORRECT TENSE 8. PRESENT CONTINUOUS or BE GOING TO 9. FUTURE SIMPLE or PRESENT CONTINUOUS 10. FUTURE SIMPLE or BE GOING TO 11. FUTURE SIMPLE or CONTINUOUS 12. FUTURE PERFECT SIMPLE or CONTINUOUS 13. FUTURE in TIME CLAUSES 14. PRESENT, PAST and FUTURE TENSES II. ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE III. DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH IV. REVISION: MULTIPLE CHOICE I. KEY to TENSES II. KEY to ACTIVE VOICE PASSIVE VOICE III. KEY to DIRECT SPEECH INDIRECT SPEECH IV. KEY to REVISION: MULTIPLE CHOICE BIBLIOGRAPHY 3 3 5 7 9 11 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 25 32 38 50 66 73 82 87

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I. TENSESI. Give the correct form of the verbs in brackets: 1. PRESENT SIMPLE or CONTINUOUS 1. What you (do) at the moment? I (watch) an interesting documentary on TV. You always (watch) TV in the afternoon? No, only when I (have) time. 2. Tom generally (catch) the 8.30 train, but tomorrow he (go) in Jacks car, so we (have) breakfast later than usual. 3. What bus you (wait) for? A 5 or a 7. You usually (not go) by car? Yes, my husband (take) me to work every morning, but the car (be) serviced so I (queue) like you. 4. Cuckoos (not build) nests. They (use) the nests of other birds. 5. This fire (smoke) horribly, I (not see) across the room. I (think) birds (try) again to build a nest in the chimney. Why you (not put) wire across the top? 6. He usually (speak) so quickly that I (not understand) a word he (say). 7. You (know) that boy who (talk) on the phone right now? Yes, he (call) his girlfriend every afternoon. He (come) from Japan. What language you (think) he (speak) now? Well, his girlfriend is Japanese, too, so I (reckon) they (chat) in Japanese. 8. You (enjoy) yourself or you (want) to leave now? I (have) a great time and I (want) to stay to the end. 9. You (like) this necklace? I (give) it to my daughter for her birthday tomorrow. You always (give) her jewellery as a present? 10.She (not work), she (swim) in the river. She (come) for a swim every day. 11.Why you (put) on your coat? I (go) for walk. You (want) to come with me? I would love to. You (mind) if I (bring) my dog? Not at all. I (like) dogs. 12.What she (do) at the moment? She (lie) on the floor, (play) with the cat.3

13.You (dream) at night? Yes, I always (dream) and if I (eat) too much supper I (have) nightmares. I never (remember) my dreams in the morning. 14.You cant see Tom now, he (have) a bath. He (have) a bath every other day. 15.The children (be) very quiet. I (not like) it. Go and see what they (do). They (cut) up some 5 notes. 16.You (do) anything this evening? Well, I (not go) out, because it (rain) and I (not have) an umbrella. 17.I (hate) autumn. It (rain) a lot in these parts. Why you (not go) south? 18.What you (do) in the evenings? We usually (play) cards or scrabble with the kids, but tonight we (go) to the theatre and they (stay) with friends. 19.She always (ring) up late at night and (ask) stupid questions. 20.You (belong) to the local library? Yes, I do. You (read) a lot? Yes, quite a lot. How often you (change) you books? I (change) one every week. What you (read) now? I (read) a crime story by Agatha Christie. 21.You can cross the street when you (see) the green light. 22.He always (write) with his left hand? No, but he (use) his left hand today because his right thumb (hurt). 23.The milk (smell) sour. You (keep) milk a long time? 24.I (see) that he (shout) something but I cant hear what he (say), the traffic (make) too much noise. 25.How much it (cost)? That (depend) on whether you (pay) the whole sum now. You (intend) to buy it? 26.People seldom (trust) their own judgement in such cases. 27.I (not cook), I (make) a cake. Someone (come) to tea this afternoon? 28.Why Ann (not wear) her new dress? She (not like) to wear dark to parties. 29.You (write) to him tonight? Yes, I always (send) him a card for his birthday. You (wish) to send any message? Just tell him I still (think) of him. 30.He (not believe) what the newspapers (say). Then why he (read) so many? 31.He (need) new glasses. Thats because he always (read) in bad light.4

2. PAST SIMPLE or CONTINUOUS 1. Mr Smith never (wake) up in time in the mornings and always (get) into trouble for being late; so one day he (go) to town and (buy) an alarm clock. 2. To get home he (have to) go through a field where a bad-tempered bull usually (graze). This bull normally (not chase) people unless something (make) him angry. Now it (lie) near the fence, (chew) the cud. 3. Unfortunately, as Mr Smith (cross) the field, his alarm clock (go) off. This (annoy) the bull, who immediately (begin) to chase Mr Smith. 4. Mr Smith (carry) an open umbrella as it (rain) slightly. He (throw) the umbrella to the ground and (run) away as fast as he could. 5. The bull (stop) and (decide) to attack the umbrella. While he (do) this Mr Smith (climb) over the fence and (escape). 6. The children (be) afraid because it (get) dark. 7. When he (awake) she (sit) by the window. She (look) at something in the street, but when he (call) her name she (turn) and (smile) at him. 8. He said he (think) about starting his own business he (not know) whether to take a partner, and (look) at me hopefully. 9. Why you (interrupt) me just now? I (have) a very interesting conversation with Mr Prim. Im sorry, I (not realise) you still (talk) with him. 10.The murderer (carry) the corpse down the stairs when he (hear) a knock on the door. He immediately (put) the body down and (try) to hide on the landing.11. When I (look) through your books I (notice) that you have a copy of Jaws.

12.As they (walk) along the road they (hear) a car coming from behind them. Tom (turn) round and (hold) up his hand. The car (stop). 13.When I (arrive) at the station Mary (wait) for me. She (wear) a blue dress and (look) very pretty. As soon as she (see) me she (wave) and (run) to me. 14.As soon as I (get) into the cottage I (notice) that water (drip) from the ceiling. I (look) for the ladder to fix the roof when I (remember) I had lent it to Tom.5

15.The prisoner (escape) by climbing the wall of the garden where he (work). He (wear) blue overalls and black shoes. 16.She (say) that the car (travel) at 40 k.p.h. when it (begin) to skid. 17.While he (make) his speech the minister suddenly (feel) faint. But someone (bring) him a glass of water and after a few minutes he (be able) to continue. 18.I (take) my friend to a murder trial the other day. Who (be) tried? A man called Bill Sykes. Was he eventually acquitted? I dont know. They still (listen) to the evidence when we (leave). 19.He (say) he (not like) his present flat and (try) to find another. 20.I (be) sorry that I (have to) leave the party early, because I (enjoy) myself. 21.As we (come) here a policeman (stop) us. He (say) that he (look) for some stolen property and (ask) if he could search the car. 22.I (see) you yesterday from the bus. Why you (use) a stick? I (use) a stick as I had hurt my leg that morning falling off a horse. Whose horse you (ride)? 23.When I (hear) his knock I (go) to the door and (open) it, but I (not recognise) him at first because I (not wear) my glasses. 24.When he (tell) me he (need) another 100 loan, I (advise) him to consult a lawyer. He (assure) me he (see) a financial expert the next day. 25.While the guests (dance) thieves (break) into the house and (steal) a lot of fur coats. The next day, as they (know) that the police (look) for them, they (hide) the coats in a wood and (go) off in different directions. 26.He (play) the guitar outside her house when someone (open) the window and (throw) out a bucket of water. 27.I just (open) the letter when the wind (blow) it out of my hand. 28.Why you (lend) him that book? I still (read) it. I (not know) you still (read) it, I (reckon) you had already finished by now. 29.What you (do) when the doorbell (ring)? I (make) a cake. And what you (do) when you (hear) the bell? I (go) to answer it of course. But when I (open) the door there was nobody there.6

3. PRESENT PERFECT or SIMPLE PAST 1. You (wear) your hair long when you were a little girl? Yes, my mother (insist) on it. But I (hate) it and when I (leave) school I (cut) my hair and (wear) it short ever since. 2. Shakespeare (write) a lot of plays. 3. My brother (write) several plays. He just (finish) his second tragedy. 4. I (fly) over Loch Ness last week. You (see) the Loch Ness monster? 5. This is the first time I (fly). I often (travel) by plane but I never (like) it. 6. He (not smoke) for two weeks. The last time I (try) to give up smoking was last year, but I (not succeed). I (not try) again since then. 7. The guests (arrive)? No, nobody (come) yet. 8. When he (arrive)? He (leave) at four and (get) here two hours later. 9. You (lock) the door when you (leave) the house this morning? 10.I (read) his books when I was at school. I (enjoy) them very much. 11.You (read) his new book? No, in fact I (not read) anything much lately. 12.I cant go out because I (not finish) my work. I only (start) half an hour ago. 13.The guests are due in half an hour. The girls (sample) three kinds of champagne but they even (not start) making the sandwiches. 14.I never (drink) vodka. Well, have some now. I just (bring) it from Russia. 15.I (write) the letter but I cant find a stamp. You (buy) any yesterday? 16.She (write) three letters since she (leave) but I (not answer) them yet. 17.The clock is slow. It isnt slow, it (stop). When you (notice)? 18.Here are your shoes; I just (clean) them. I also (iron) you shirt. 19.You (have) breakfast yet? Yes, I (have) it at 8.00. 20.You cant speak to him, he just (go) out. 21.He should be back by now. He (go) out twenty minutes ago. 22.You (see) th