xIXcHawaii - Kauai

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    NORTH AMERICANNORTH AMERICAN

    REGIONSREGIONSIX. HawaiiIX. Hawaii

    c) Kauaic) Kauai

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    KeyKey

    RedRed--Term to define andrememberTerm to define andremember

    YellowYellow--Place to locate andrememberPlace to locate andremember

    Bright GreenBright Green--Agricultural productAgricultural product(crop), resource or another thing to(crop), resource or another thing tolocate andrememberlocate andremember

    White andWhite and BlueBlue -- NarrationNarration toto helphelpunderstandingunderstanding

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    OAHUOAHU

    MAUIMAUI

    HAWAIIHAWAII

    KAUAIKAUAI

    Pearl HarborPearl Harbor

    Mt. WaialealeMt. Waialeale

    HaleakalaHaleakala

    Mauna KeaMauna Kea

    Mauna LoaMauna Loa

    HiloHilo

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    Kauai is the oldest, most eroded island.Kauai is the oldest, most eroded island.

    It is also theleast affectedby human beings.It is also theleast affectedby human beings.

    Mt. WaialealeMt. Waialealeis almostis almostalways cloud covered.always cloud covered.

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    Lots of water + lots ofslope =Lots of water + lots ofslope =

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    To prove theirTo prove their

    bravery, chiefsbravery, chiefssons wererequiredsons wererequiredto divefrom here.to divefrom here.

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    MaukaMauka

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    Thelargest in thePacific, Waimea canyonThelargest in thePacific, Waimea canyonhasbeen erodedby the heavyrains.hasbeen erodedby the heavyrains.

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    On top of a remotemountain inOn top of a remotemountain in

    themiddle of the Pacific Oceanthemiddle of the Pacific Oceanis great place to build a . . .?is great place to build a . . .?

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    RadarRadar

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    Somespecies of plantsexist nowhereelseSomespecies of plantsexist nowhereelseon Earth, because these islands aresoon Earth, because these islands areso

    remote.remote.

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    The nativespeciesThe nativespecieshavefit into all thehavefit into all the

    vertical climatevertical climatezoneszones..

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    Dry and CoolDry and Cool

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    Wet and warmWet and warm

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    IliiIlii

    SandalwoodSandalwood waswasalmost harvestedalmost harvestedto extinction toto extinction tosupplyfragrantsupplyfragrant

    wood.wood.

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    Cool and wet (Kokeerainforest)Cool and wet (Kokeerainforest)

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    Ohia lehuaOhia lehua

    Theblossom of which a bird,Theblossom of which a bird,theAkohekohe,theAkohekohe, can pollinate.can pollinate.

    No Ohia meansNo Ohia meansno Akohekohe,no Akohekohe,

    and vice versa.and vice versa.

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    To seemorerara avis (rarebirds)To seemorerara avis (rarebirds)

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    Birdslike theLyasan AlbatrossBirdslike theLyasan Albatrossnest here at Kilauea Point.nest here at Kilauea Point.

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    In most parts of Hawaii, speciesIn most parts of Hawaii, speciesof plants and animalsof plants and animals

    introduced by humans haveintroduced by humans have

    replaced the native species,replaced the native species,causing many to becomecausing many to become

    extinct.extinct.

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    Goatseat theGoatseat thenativenative

    vegetationvegetation

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    anderode trails on theanderode trails on theslopes.slopes.

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    Poinsettias can make a colorful hedge, butPoinsettias can make a colorful hedge, butwith no naturalenemies they can escapewith no naturalenemies they can escapecultivation andbecome a weed, replacingcultivation andbecome a weed, replacing

    native vegetation.native vegetation.

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    In St. Louis thisIn St. Louis thisamaryllis is aamaryllis is a

    common housecommon houseplantplant

    But in Hawaii it canBut in Hawaii it can

    grow wild!grow wild!

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    $4.95 a pot in St. Louis garden$4.95 a pot in St. Louis garden

    centers, New Guinea Impatienscenters, New Guinea Impatiensgrow wild.grow wild.

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    The trumpet vine is pretty, but too much of aThe trumpet vine is pretty, but too much of agood thing when it smothers trees.good thing when it smothers trees.

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    Theseblackberriesmay taste good, butTheseblackberriesmay taste good, but

    they are a impenetrable thicket whenthey are a impenetrable thicket whenimported to Hawaii.imported to Hawaii.

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    Areplica of a native Hawaiian villageAreplica of a native Hawaiian villageThe native Hawaiiansbrought some ofThe native Hawaiiansbrought some ofthe invasivespecies with them.the invasivespecies with them.

    The worst offenders are pigs.The worst offenders are pigs.breadfruitbreadfruit

    Note the airyNote the airynative house.native house.

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    The Hawaiians irrigatedfieldsThe Hawaiians irrigatedfields

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    where theyraised this crop to makewhere theyraised this crop to makepoipoi, theirmain starch., theirmain starch.

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    orangesoranges

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    Grapefruit (?)Grapefruit (?)

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    So was themain cash crop.So was themain cash crop.

    Sugar caneSugar cane

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    Sugar caneSugar cane issimplyissimplya large grass.a large grass.

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    Crop dusting to kill pests or weeds in theCrop dusting to kill pests or weeds in thesugar canefields.sugar canefields.

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    Sugar canerefinerySugar canerefinery

    where thestalks are crushed and the waterwhere thestalks are crushed and the water

    boiled off, leaving pure canesugar.boiled off, leaving pure canesugar.

    Today, thisland use is giving way to moreToday, thisland use is giving way to morevaluable tourist uses.valuable tourist uses.

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    tourismtourism

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    What couldyou do here?What couldyou do here?

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    In Hawaii, theradio reports which beachesIn Hawaii, theradio reports which beacheshave thebest surf that day.have thebest surf that day.

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    Watching for the next big oneWatching for the next big one

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    motelmotel

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    Mountain getawayMountain getaway

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    Or a WWII era cabin.Or a WWII era cabin.

    Hawaii has a placeforyou.Hawaii has a placeforyou.

    Everyone is welcome!Everyone is welcome!

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    Everyone is welcome!Everyone is welcome!

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    In someyearsAsiansIn someyearsAsians

    outnumber tourist from theoutnumber tourist from themainland.mainland.

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    Ifyou wouldlook behindyouIfyou wouldlook behindyou

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    Youdsee this.Youdsee this.

    Thesemodest houses next to the ocean areThesemodest houses next to the ocean are

    much moreexpensive than theylook!much moreexpensive than theylook!

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    Why is this housebuiltWhy is this housebuilton pilings?on pilings?

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    For thesameFor thesamereason thissirenreason thissir