WWII 101st Cavalry Group

  • View
    215

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

Transcript

  • 8/9/2019 WWII 101st Cavalry Group

    1/55

    L fl-JGlt9t./%- 3l-JGlt9t./%- //I \u25a0u25a0

    \u25a0u25a0='' : r. ..:,:..:,i:'-",'7m- i".'"V^^K^S^S^M^.'-",'7m-i V"".'"V^^K^S^S^M^. V" r:afe.afe.r: ':v':

    F h!I A :''. sL;::t.. Af ,::

    i :

    i **\u25a0u25a0- ,-,-,' ''' \u 2 5 a0 \u 2 5 a0a>< \u25a0 i.a^gu 2 5 a0 \u 2 5 a0a>< \u25a0 i.a^g-'T^*+*t ;'T^*+*t TT ': i --"- \u25a0 I ii': \u25a0^BwW^^g---"-\u25a0 I ii \u25a0^BwW^^g-

    . J_ Sh.h.\u25a0u25a0 ^ w>u25a0\u25a0\u25a0\u25a0\ u25a0\ u 2 5 a 0 ^w >^ w>

    o r r- -S55 w%% *'/'/-* :* :

    ESHRINGEN WORfrf4 *%?****!&,*SHRINGEN WORfrf4 *%?****!&,*~~ Fgg* -"w"wt f 4Idd< r

    x***

    -

    ***************-

    fcjcj1

    *

    1

    ...r....

    >**>QOc-

    T11

    'ipI r**"**"-2L2L *^*^*r f..r r.i^ir r.i^i V WWI WI** 4n BAD GMS7EINAD GMS7EINf /j%^j%^tfii Wff OO17171

  • 8/9/2019 WWII 101st Cavalry Group

    2/55

    WINGFOOTRHINE LAND andCENTRAL EUROPE: CAMPAIGNS :

    OFFICIAL HISTORY

    IOIST CAVALRY GROUP(M EC HAN IZED)

  • 8/9/2019 WWII 101st Cavalry Group

    3/55

  • 8/9/2019 WWII 101st Cavalry Group

    4/55

    To Ihe men of WingfooiHerein is ihe account of oup commonadventures; of Ihe trail we blazed across ihe

    rivers, plains and mountains of Qermany andRuslria. Ji is rendered in a simple bul detailedoutline, like a black and while etching, await-ing ihe colors of our individual experiencesand memories. There are many accomplish-ments on ihe record of which we may beproud, yet lei us be ever mindful of ihe pricepaid by those who will not come home ioexult in our common victory.

    Golonel, U. S. RrrnyGornmanding

  • 8/9/2019 WWII 101st Cavalry Group

    5/55

    CONTENTSTo the men of Wingfoot 3Foreword 5JANUARY 7

    Official History 9FEBRUARY 13Official History 14

    MARCH 17Official History 19

    APRIL 37Official History 41

    MAY 77Official History 80

    A final word 95CAVALRY CHARACTERSCartoon, by T/5 Alfred Hopkins 78RECORD of EVENTSPrior to January 4, 1945 97What about YOUR story? 98Random Shots 99100My Story 101INMEMORIAM Inside Back CoverAREAS OF OPERATION (Maps) PAGES 12,

    18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 42, 44, 48, 52, 56, 60, 64, 68, 72 and 90.Illustrations by Captain Crozier Wood

    Major Mercer W. Sweeney, Editor

    Souvenir Booklet Published far Members of The 101st Cavalry Group, MechanizedPrinted by Hugo Diesbach Ww., Weinheim/Bergsitr., GermanyAUGUST 1945

    PASSED BY THE FIELD PRESS CENSOR FOR MAILING

    4

  • 8/9/2019 WWII 101st Cavalry Group

    6/55

    ForewordThe story of the 101st Cavalry in the annals of American

    Arms in Combat began in the year 1898 during the Spanish-American War. The lirst baptism of fire came at Coamo,Porto Rico, where Troop "C",one of the parent 01 ganizations,served with distinction. In1916, Squadron "A" (Manhattan),the oldest of the parent units, remained a separate squadronwhile Troop "B" (Geneseo), the youngest, and other up-StateTroops joined with the now Squadron "C " (Brooklyn), toform the Ist New York Cavalry. All served on the MexicanBorder. In 1917 werehese horse cavalry units reorganizedinto separate Machine Gun Battalions of the 27th Divisionand, as such, served brilliantly throughout the crucial 1918campaigns of World War I.

    In1920 the horse organizations were reestablished andin 1922 the Ist New York Cavalry was redesignated the 101stCavalry. Several reorganizations took place in the followingyears. InJanuary 1941, the unit was inducted into the Armyof the United States as a Horse-Mechanized Regiment andbecame fullymechanized after our entry into World War 11.Reorganization from a Regiment to a Group took place inDecember 1943. The personnel now consisted of men andofficers representing every State of the Union who stood

    5

  • 8/9/2019 WWII 101st Cavalry Group

    7/55

    shoulder to shoulder with the men from New York under thestandard which proudly flew the Battle Streamers of 1898and 1918. Together these men gallantly attachedave twoadditional streamers to the 101st Cavalry standard "Rhine-land" and "Central Europe". This is their story.

    Early redeployment of the units of the Group did muchto direct the choice of contents for this booklet. This and thelimitations of time, opportunity and available facilities con-fined the project within the scope of the material immediatelyat hand.The "Reports After Action Against Enemy" are presented

    in their original form as forwarded for filing in the officialarchives of the War Department. The title "W INGFOOT"is taken from our battle code name which proved to be mostprophetic.

    While no effort is made at this time to describe in dra-matic detail the heroism, fortitude and sacrifices of individualmembers and units, this booklet does provide the essentialsof background and factual data for the production of suchan historical document at a future date. Marching betweeneach and every line of the text, however, is pride in organi-zation and the vitality,personality and laughter of the menall of the men of the 101st CAVALRY GROUP.

    6

  • 8/9/2019 WWII 101st Cavalry Group

    8/55

  • 8/9/2019 WWII 101st Cavalry Group

    9/55

    they sang the old year out and the New Year in ... Would the orders never come?Would it be the big fight or one of the "sideshows"? Would the Group be broken-upor fight as a unit? What Army would itbe? What Corps? ...Most of these questionswere not to be answered for a long time but the orders to move finally came withBARTON-STACEY in southern England the first stop. And then to the marshallingarea at SOUTHAMPTON and a midnight ride to the docks where hours of waitingin the rain cast the mood.

    Destination Known At LastA small convoy of LjST's and Li/berty ship gathered offshore and waited for the

    night to close-in. An overcast sky and a moderate sea formed the backdrop to anuneventful crossing of the English Channel ... A sprawling heap of rubble, once thebustling Port of- Le Havre, and the sour glances of the local citizens were soonexchanged for sunny roads, picturesque villages and the smiling people of inlandNormandy and the gumbo mud of Camp Twenty Grand ... On past the outskirtsof Paris to bivouac in SOISSONS and then at VERDUN where the men of WorldWar Ilept nearby ...Finally, itwas known it was to be the Sixth Army Group'sSeventh Army and the XV Corps. The orders were to relieve the 106 th Cavalry Groupwith headquarters in Lauterbach, Germany on the SAAR RIVER FRONT.

    8

  • 8/9/2019 WWII 101st Cavalry Group

    10/55

    HEADQUARTERS101 st Cavalry Group, Mecz

    APO 758, U. S. Army

    15 February 1945

    SUBJECT: Historical Data.TO: The Adjutant General, War Department,THRU: Command Channels.

    Washington, D. C.

    -. In accordance with the provisions of AR 345 105, dated 18 No-vember 1929, and Change 4, dated 10 August 1944; letter Hq ETOUSA,subj: "Handling of Historical Documents in the European Theater ofOperations", file AG 312.1 Op History, dated 14 July 1944, and Section IV,Circular No. 34, Headquarters Seventh Army, dated 28 November 1944,the following report is submitted.

    2. During the period 1 January 1945 2 February 1945, the 101stCavalry Group, Mecz., was commanded by Colonel Charles B. McClelland,with Lt Col Leo W. Mortenson as Executive Officer.3. The 101st Cavalry Group, Mecz., is composed of the following ele-

    ments:a. Hq &Hq Troop, 101st Cavalry Group, Mecz.Colonel C. B. McClelland, Commanding

    LtCol L. W. Mortenson, Executive Officerb. 101st Cay Ren Sq Mecz

    LtCol M.Kendall, CommandingMajor H. J. Brock, Executive Officerc. 116th Cay Ren Sq Mecz

    LtCol H. C. Leonard, CommandingMajor R. D. Feagin, Executive Officer

    9

  • 8/9/2019 WWII 101st Cavalry Group

    11/55

  • 8/9/2019 WWII 101st Cavalry Group

    12/55

    4. Narrative Historya. On 1 Jan 1945, the 101st Cay Gpwas stationed at Camp Anty-Cross, DALTON INFURNESS, LANCASHIRE,ENG-LAND, preparing to move to FRANCE toassume any mission which might be as-signed by CG ETOUSA. Necessary modification of combat vehiclels and equipmentwhich had accompanied the unit overseas had been completed in December1944.b. Inorder to facilitate the final pre-paration for movement, the unit movedon 4 January by road and rail to CampC, BARTON STACEY, HAMPSHIRE,ENGLAND. c. During the period 5 28 Jan, general purpose vehicles (approximately250) were drawn from Ordnance Depotsand serviced and modified (racks, etc.)by the unit maintenance sections. Thenecessary 'supplies and equipment to complete the unit 100% were also drawn withthe exception of portions of the basicammunition load .d. On 29 Jan, the 101st Cay Gp, Mecz,departed Camp C BARTON STACEY andmarched to the SOUTHAMPTON Mar--halling Area, closing at Camp C 5,291200.c. The 101st Cay Gp (less a marchingparty of 553 officers and enlisted men)departed Camp C-5 0545, 30 Jan and em-

    barked at SOUTHAMPTON aboard 4LSTs and 2 Liberty Ships. The marchingparty was embarked on a troop transport.

    f. Moving in convoy, the unit arrivedat LE HAVRE, FRANCE, and at 311020the first vehicles of the Group Headquarters were disembarked from theirLST. The remainder of the LST's wereunloaded and the units marched 44 milesin separate serials, to Camp TWENTYGRAND vie. DUCLAIR, FRANCE, closing approximately 312400. The Reconnaissance troops of both Squadrons wereaboard two Liberty Ships which wererouted up the SEINE RIVER to ROUEN.The marching party was disembarked atLE HAVRE and moved by GMT toTWENTY GRAND, rejoining their units311130.

    g. The Reconnaissance troops weredisembarked at ROUEN, 1 Feb 1945, closing at TWENTY GRAND at 0300 2 Feb.

    CHARLES B. Me CLELLANDColonel, CavalryCommanding

    11