Writing Readers- Oriented Sentences & Paragraphs.

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  • Slide 1
  • Writing Readers- Oriented Sentences & Paragraphs
  • Slide 2
  • Focus on Actors and Actions In most writings you can find actors playing a role in the event of the sentence. Make the actors the subjects of your sentences. Put the actions in verbs.
  • Slide 3
  • Principle 1 Make the actors the subjects of your sentences. Actor = Subject : We expected to begin the new uniform policies immediately. Actor (not =) subject: Our expectation was to begin the new uniform policies immediately. Quiz = Alexanders dream was to conquer the world. Does it have actor = or no = subject? Re-phrase it in the other way that it is not.
  • Slide 4
  • No Actor In some sentences, the actor doesnt appear in the sentence. Actor (not =) Subject: During the same conference, the proposal was executed. Actor = Subject: During the same conference, the planning commission decided to execute the proposal. Quiz = The meeting was held as scheduled but hardly anyone attended.
  • Slide 5
  • Use People as Subjects Whenever Possible People (not =) Subject: The new sports program although passed, was rejected hastily later on. People = Subject: Parliament passed the new sports program, but was hastily rejected later on. Quiz = In spite of the request, the proposal was not complied with.
  • Slide 6
  • Use the Active Voice Passive: As announced earlier, the prescription drug card program will be eliminated effective at the end of the year. Subject = Object of action Active: The executive committee (subject = actor) must file the papers (object) that contains the business proposal. Quiz = Write a sentence in passive voice and identify the subject and object of action.
  • Slide 7
  • Put the Action in Verbs Readers expect to find the action of a sentence expressed in verbs. Many writers bury the action in nouns. Action in noun: The committee must order an execution of the plan as ordered. Action in verb: The committee must execute the plan as ordered. Quiz = Frame a sentence that has action in noun and then rephrase it to have action in verb.
  • Slide 8
  • Keep the Actor and Action Separated Actor and Action separate: Often managers make a fool of themselves in front of subordinates and cannot execute simple plans. Actor and action together: ???????
  • Slide 9
  • Principle 3 Put the most important information at the end. Put unfamiliar technical terms at the end. Example: ????
  • Slide 10
  • Principle 4 Tie your sentences together. You should be in a position to understand how your sentences relate to each other. However, your readers might not. Put old information near the beginning of a sentence, and then new information. Maintain this order. The first sentence in a paragraph should introduce the topic.
  • Slide 11
  • Use Transition Phrases Transitions are words, phrases, and even sentences that connect one idea or sentence to another. Transitions indicate relationships of time, cause and effect, space, addition, comparison and contrast. Example: Therefore, however etc Repeat and re-state key words or phrases. Example: ??????
  • Slide 12
  • EXERCISE Exercise 1 6 (190 193) in Chapter 7 (Do not have to turn in) Start working on the exercise in class and finish it off by next class period. Finish a thorough read of Chapter 7 and 8


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