Writing Papers in the Biological SciencesAn introduction to Biological research and paper writing
Chapter One: Locating and Using Biological Research Primary SourcesWhat are they?ExamplesClue to recognize a Primary Resource
Secondary SourcesWhat are they?Examples
Chapter One: Locating and Using Biological ResearchSteps for researchTextbookGeneral texts on the subjectEncyclopediasScience MagazinesReview PapersLiterature cited section will help
Chapter One: Locating and Using Biological ResearchScientific AbstractsContain sources you can use for researchSummary of paperExamples are given
Chapter One: Locating and Using Biological ResearchVocabularyWatch what you are searching forTruncating while searching databasesCut off part of the word (use the root) to increase search resultsExample: estuar* (instead of estuary) will look up all words starting with estuar
Chapter One: Locating and Using Biological ResearchLiterature CitedUse your primary resources!!!!!
Chapter One: Locating and Using Biological ResearchUsing the InternetKnow your background so you dont get lostSearch EnginesBoolean searchesBare Bones 101 (website in your reading)Evaluate the websiteQuestions to askWebsites for evaluating are in your readingRecordsKEEP YOUR BIBLIOGRAPHY AS YOU GO!!!
Chapter One: Locating and Using Biological ResearchHow to read a scientific paperBackground knowledge: language and key termsAbstract: READ FIRST! It saves timeUnderstand the basics: hypothesis and predictionsMaterials and Methods: dont freak out!Results: Again, dont freak out, look for MAJOR findings, pay attention to tables and graphs - they do a good job of summarizingDiscussion: What is the authors argument?Re-read if you need to.
Chapter One: Locating and Using Biological ResearchTaking notesPlagiarismDefinitionReflects note taking skillsWork on paraphrasing and summarizingOrderly system of notetakingNotecard system - best for simple researchComputerHand written in notebookDO NOT FORGET TO WRITE DOWN SOURCES AS YOU GO!Distinguish between your ideas and the authors
Chapter One: Locating and Using Biological ResearchBe selective with your notesDont go overboard. If you are unsure of the importance of a source, keep the abstract or a very short summary of the article. SourcesKeep a master list of all your sourcesIf you use any idea from a source in your paper, you must cite it!