Wonders of the World PDF

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A small presentation on the wonder of the world that is intended for the children ( age 8 - 10 years ). Hence, the information shared is minimal and the intention is to excite them to look for more on their own. Also to talk, share and expose them about history, geography, different cultures and civilisations, their beliefs, knowledge of science, technology, mathematics, astronomy etc.

Text of Wonders of the World PDF

Wonders of the WorldArup R Pal

What is a Wonder ? A wonder is something that we find amazing. We find these things amazing as these are mostly

Unique i.e. without a second piece on Earth. These things are amazing because these things were built at a time when the technology was not

as developed as today. So we ask ourselves how could these things got built in the first place ?

How many types of wonders are there ? There can be two types of Wonders Man Made Wonders and Natural wonders Also there can be wonders from different periods in time e.g. Wonders of the ancient world Wonders from the Medieval world and

Wonders of the modern world

Types of Wonders Man-made wonders These wonders were build by human beings

Natural wonders These are wonders formed by Nature

Types of WondersWonders of the Ancient WorldGreat Pyramid of Giza Hanging Gardens of Babylon Statue of Zeus at Olympia Temple of Artemis at Ephesus Mausoleum of Maussollos at Halicarnassus Colossus of Rhodes Lighthouse of Alexandria Except for the Pyramid of Giza none of the wonders of the ancient world exist now.

Types of WondersWonders of the Mediaval World Stonehenge Colosseum Catacombs of Kom el Shoqafa Great Wall of China Porcelain Tower of Nanjing Hagia Sophia Leaning Tower of Pisa

Wonders of the Ancient World

Why did they build the Wonders ? Different wonders were built for different purpose. But all the wonders show the amazing capabilities in-terms of Knowledge of Science , engineering Architecture , astronomy Use of technology Mathematics, Geometry

Art etc.

Types of WondersWorld

Seven Wonders of The Great Wall of China Petra Christ the Redeemer Machu Picchu Chichen Itza Roman Colosseum Taj Mahal

Great Pyramid ( Honorary Candidate )

Wonders of the Modern World

What is the Great Wall of China ? The Great Wall of China is a Man-made wall built over many centuries along the earlier Chinese empire. The Chinese were familiar with the techniques of wallbuilding by the 8th century BC. Major part of the wall was built during the Ming Dynasty. These walls were made mostly by stamping earth and gravel between board frames. During later part bricks and stone got used.

Why did they build the Great Wall of China ? The Great wall of China wasbuilt to protect the Chinese empire from enemy attacks.


advancedsurvey, has

concluded that the entire Great

Wall, with all of its branches,stretches for 8,851.8 km.

What is Petra ? On the edge of the Arabian

Desert, Petra was the glitteringcapital of the Nabataean empire of King Aretas IV (9 B.C. to 40

A.D.). Masters of water technology, the Nabataeans provided their city

with great tunnel constructionsand water chambers.

What is Petra ? A theater, modelled on Greek-

Roman prototypes, had spacefor an audience of 4,000. Today, the Palace Tombs of

Petra, with the 42-meter-highHellenistic temple facade on the El-Deir Monastery, are

impressive examples of MiddleEastern culture.

What is Christ the Redeemer ? Christ the Redeemer is a statue of

Jesus Christ in Rio de Janeiro,Brazil. It is considered the largest art deco statue in the world






(130 ft) tall, including its 9.5 metre (31 ft) pedestal, and 30 metres

(98 ft) wide. It weighs 635 tons (700 short tons).

Why was Christ the Redeemer built ? The statue of Christ the

Redeemer is a very importantsymbol of Brazil's Catholicism. It is made of reinforced

concrete and soapstone. Construction took nine years, from 1922 to 1931. The





October 12, 1931

What is Machu Picchu ? Machu Picchu (pronounced Machu



Peak",) Inca







2,430 metres (8,000 ft) above sea level. It is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urubamba Valley in Peru. Often referred to as "The Lost City of the Incas", Machu Picchu is one of the most familiar symbols of the Inca Empire.

What is Machu Picchu ? The Incas started building it

around AD 1430 but abandoned asan official site for the Inca rulers a hundred years later at the time of

the Spanish conquest of the IncaEmpire. It was brought to international






Bingham, an American historian.

What is Machu Picchu ? Since it was not plundered by the

Spanish, it is especially important as acultural site and is considered a sacred place.

Machu Picchu was built in the classicalInca style, with polished dry-stone walls. Its primary buildings are the

Intihuatana, the Temple of the Sun, andthe Room of the Three Windows.

What is Chichen Itza? Chichen Itza is a large pre-Columbian archaeological site built by the Maya civilization Mexico. Chichen Itza was a major regional focal point in the northern Maya lowlands. Dominating the center of Chichn is the Temple of Kukulkan (the Maya name located in present-day

for Quetzalcoatl), often referred to as "ElCastillo" (the castle).

What is Chichen Itza? The Mayans succeeded in an almost impossible mission with the completion of their structures at Chichn Itz. A poetic combination religion, of form, style,



mathematics and geometry. A true symbiosis of all of their

intelligence and art in one location, to be studied and admired by all that visit.

What is the Roman Colosseum ? The Colosseum is one of the greatest works of Roman Architecture and Engineering. It could seat 50000 people and used for Gladiatorial spectacles. It has been estimated that about sports and public

500,000 people and over a million wild

animals died in the Colosseum games

What is the Roman Colosseum ? The Colosseum was built in such a manner that people could come in and vacate it very quickly. In the Gladiatorial sports, captured enemies, soldiers and slaves were made to fight each other and animals.

What is Taj Mahal ? Taj Mahal was built by Mughal Emperor Shah

Jahan in memory of his favorite wife, MumtazMahal. The Taj Mahal is considered the finest example

of Mughal architecture, a style that combineselements from Persian, Indian, and Islamic architectural styles.

It took around 22 years to build Taj Mahal atan estimated cost of about Rs. 32 million at that time.

What is Taj Mahal ? The Taj Mahal was constructed using materials from all over India and Asia . Over 1,000 elephants materials. The translucent white marble was brought from Rajasthan, the jasper from Punjab, jade and crystal from China. The turquoise was from Tibet and the Lapis lazuli from Afghanistan. In all, twenty eight types of precious and semiprecious stones were inlaid into the white marble. were used to transport building

What is Taj Mahal ? The Taj Mahal is decorated in line with the Islamic tradition. The decorative elements can be grouped into either calligraphy, abstract forms or vegetative motifs. Throughout the complex, passages from the Qur'an are used as decorative elements.

The calligraphy was created by the Persian calligrapherAbd ul-Haq, who came to India from Shiraz, Iran, in 1609. Higher panels are written in slightly larger script so that they dont appear smaller when looked from below.