Wk 15 nov 26 coal and archaeology

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  • November 26 Coalfield controversies:Conflicting values of the Past
  • ARCHAEOLOGICAL CONTROVERSIES 1) Fakes 2) Looting Slack Farm, Union County, Kentucky 3) Archaeology and Native Americans James Chatters Douglas Minthorn
  • Archaeology is controversial because the past has value Value is not just money The past has value in defining who people are The past has value as a scientific record of humanity The past has value because it is different from the present and can form a critique of the presentAs long as the past has different kinds of value to different people, archaeology is political
  • Aspects of Intellectual Inquiry in the Social Sciences1. Recognizing multiple dimensions to a good question2. Recognizing multiple answers to a question or a problem3. Evaluating evidence4. Developing potential solutions to problems based on sound evidence and reasoning5. Exploring the ethical implications of differing approaches, methods or conclusionsThere are multiple answers and ethical considerations in the social sciences becausesocial scientists study people, and people have different opinion and ethical rights
  • Two examples of controversies over the value of the past 1) Colorado Coalfield War (1913-1914) 2) Battle of Blair Mountain, West Virginia (1921)
  • The history of the Colorado Coalfield war has value for --contemporary laborers --Americans at large Striking Coalminers, southern Colorado
  • guard stationRemains of Berwind, a company town in southern Colorado Demands of striking coalworkers --A 10 percent increase in how much they get paid per ton. --The right to elect the people who weighed the coal carts. The people who weighed the coal carts often shorted the workers. --Miners want to be paid for the work they do to keep the mines safe --An eight hour work day, --The right to buy, seek medicine or live anywhere they wanted (not just company towns) --Get rid of the mine guards
  • Ludlow strikers tent camp(1200 people)1913 to 1914
  • Colorado National Guard sets fire to camp, killing 12 children and 2 womenLudlow massacre: April 20th, 1914Colorado National Guard opens fire onthe Ludlow tent camp. Ludlow Memorial
  • 1997: Archaeologists begin to study the Colorado coalfield war. Dean Saitta Randall McGuire Contemporary union members challenge to McGuire and Saitta What good is archaeology? All you need to know is they got f**ked
  • Archaeological finds from Ludlow camp 1) Pins from the Knights of Pithias Fraternal Order (an interethnic social club for men) The CFI (Colorado Fuel and Iron Company) attempted to weaken the strike by playing ethnic groups off one another. The presence of these pins suggests that there was not much cross-ethnic conflict. 2) Canning jars (canning fruit requires access to special ovens not found in the tent camp) The CFI attempted to depict the strikers as a kind of criminal outcast. The evidence for canning reveals strong social ties with people not on strike and a degree of sympathy for the strikers. 3) Baseball equipment Popular literature about labor movements (Upton Sinclairs The Jungle, for example), portrays strikers as leading bleak lives. The baseball equipment suggests that strikers were able to stay in good spirits and continue dignified hobbies. The history of the Colorado Coalfield war has value for --contemporary laborers --Americans at large
  • Why is the archaeology of the Colorado coal field war a controversy? Many people do not value the history of the labor movement Memorial to the Ludlow Massacre
  • Blair Mountain
  • Kenny King and Robert Ayers
  • Remains of Battle of Blair Mountain
  • Second Battle of Blair Mountain Archaeologist Brandon Nida
  • Archaeology of Blair Mountain has shown: --Remains of the battle are spectacularly well preserved --That the 10,000 mine workers marching to Logan were not an unruly mob distribution of bullets shows well coordinated offensive actions --The mine workers were winning the battle --Even current mine employees poised to destroy Blair Mountain are interested
  • Archaeology of Blair Mountain has shown: --Remains of the battle are spectacularly well preserved --That the 10,000 mine workers marching to Logan were not an unruly mob distribution of bullets shows well coordinated offensive actions --The mine workers were winning the battle --Even current mine employees poised to destroy Blair Mountain are interestedBroader Message: Rights were not given to workers Workers fought for their rights and died for them