What is Writing? ¢â‚¬â€œ Ch1: Introduction ¢â‚¬â€œ Ch2: Survey (background) ¢â‚¬â€œ Ch3: Study ¢â‚¬â€œ Ch4: Results

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Text of What is Writing? ¢â‚¬â€œ Ch1: Introduction...

  • What is Writing?

    How do you answer this question?

  • 06/11/2014 APS - Research 2

    Why Write?

     Express ideas  Communicate ideas

    – Pre-history – History

     Document ideas  Thinking Tool

    – Write – Revise – Rewrite

  • 06/11/2014 APS - Research 3

    Writing Styles

     Literature – Prose – Poetry

     Literary Criticism  History

    – Record keeping (taxes) – Population census

     Folk Myths and Tales – Identity (tribal/national)

     Documentation  Instructions  Learning Guides

    – Text books  (Student) Exercises

    – Notes – Blogs – Essays

  • 06/11/2014 APS - Research 4

    Academic Writing

     Note taking – summaries, overviews  Project documentation  Essays  Dissertations: B.Sc., M.Sc., Ph.D., ….  Presentations  Critical Reviews  Writing as a learning process

  • 06/11/2014 APS - Research 5

    Academic Writing: Structure

     A MODEL (organisation) – Abstract – Table of Contents – Ch1: Introduction – Ch2: Survey (background) – Ch3: Study – Ch4: Results – Ch5: Conclusion – References – Appendices

     Synthesis – Your own words – Other sources

     Quotation  Paraphrase  Summary

     Abstract (max 250 words)  Executive Summary

    – (1 page)

  • 06/11/2014 APS - Research 6

    Text Analysis

     The main idea of a text should be clear

    (the “red thread”) – I will show X

     stated in the abstract  stated in the

    introduction  supported by rest of the

    text  reiterated in the

    conclusion

    intro

    survey

    exp

    result

    concl

  • 06/11/2014 APS - Research 7

    Citations (quotations) and References

    “The English language in Europe, as a native language, is mainly spoken in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Outside of these states, it has a special status in Jersey and Guernsey (two of the three Crown Dependencies), Gibraltar (one of the British overseas territories), Malta and Cyprus (two former British colonies). In other parts of Europe, English is spoken mainly by those who have learned it as a second language, but also, to a lesser extent, natively by expatriates from the English speaking world.

    The English language is the official language of Gibraltar and one of the official languages of Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Isle of Man, Malta, Jersey, Guernsey and the European Union.”

    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language_in_Europe

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Ireland http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jersey http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guernsey http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_dependency http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_dependency http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibraltar http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_overseas_territories http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malta http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_colonies http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language_in_Europe%23Other_countries_in_contemporary_Europe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expatriate http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_speaking_world http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scotland http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wales http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isle_of_Man http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Union http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language_in_Europe

  • 06/11/2014 APS - Research 8

    Citations (quotations) and References

    “The English language in Europe, as a native language, is mainly spoken in the United Kingdom and Ireland. […]

    The English language is the official language of Gibraltar and one of the official languages of Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Isle of Man, Malta, Jersey, Guernsey and the European Union.”

    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language_in_Europe

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Ireland http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scotland http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wales http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isle_of_Man http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Union http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Union http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language_in_Europe

  • 06/11/2014 APS - Research 9

    Citations (quotations) and References

    In considering native speakers, Wiki [1] states that “The English language in Europe, as a native language, is mainly spoken in the United Kingdom and Ireland”. From these countries, the language has spread to other parts of the world.

    Embedded text. Used for short quotations.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Ireland

  • 06/11/2014 APS - Research 10

    Citations (quotations) and References

    In considering native speakers, Wiki [1] states that

    “The English language in Europe, as a native language, is mainly spoken in the United Kingdom and Ireland.”

    From these countries, the language has spread to other parts of the world.

    Separated text. Used for longer quotations.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Ireland

  • 06/11/2014 APS - Research 11

    Citations (quotations) and References

    Let us consider English in Europe. Wiki [1] states that “The English language in Europe, as a native language, is mainly spoken in

    the United Kingdom and Ireland. Outside of these states, it has a special status in Jersey and Guernsey (two of the three Crown Dependencies), Gibraltar (one of the British overseas territories), Malta and Cyprus (two former British colonies). In other parts of Europe, English is spoken mainly by those who have learned it as a second language, but also, to a lesser extent, natively by expatriates from the English speaking world.

    The English language is the official language of Gibraltar and one of the official languages of Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Isle of Man, Malta, Jersey, Guernsey and the European Union.”

    From these countries, the language has spread to other parts of the world. Separated text. Indented. Used for longer quotations.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Ireland http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jersey http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guernsey http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_dependency http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibraltar http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_overseas_territories http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malta http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_colonies http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_colonies http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language_in_Europe%23Other_countries_in_contemporary_Europe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expatriate http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_speaking_world http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scotland http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wales http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Isle_of_Man http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_Union

  • 06/11/2014 APS - Research 12

    Misquotation! Plagiarism!

    “The English language in Europe, as a national language, is mostly spoken in the United Kingdom and Ireland. In other states, it has a special status in Jersey and Guernsey (two of the three Crown Dependencies), Gibraltar (one of the British overseas territories), Malta and Cyprus (two former British colonies). In the rest of Europe, English is used mainly by those who have learned it as a second language, but also, to a lesser extent, natively by expatriates from the United Kingdom.

    The English language is an official language of Gibraltar and one of the official languages of Ireland, Scotland, Wales, the Isle of Man, Malta, Jersey, Guernsey and the European Union.”

    Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language_in_Europe

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Europe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_Kingdom http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Republic_of_Ireland http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jersey http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guernsey http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_dependency http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Crown_dependency http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gibraltar http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_overseas_territories http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malta http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyprus http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_colonies http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expatriate http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scotland http: