WHAT IS IT?WHY DOES IT HAPPEN?HOW CAN I AVOID IT?WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES?Plagiarism
DefinitionIn an instructional setting, plagiarism occurs when a writer uses someone elses language, ideas, or other original material without acknowledging its source.Published textsPrintOnlineManuscriptsOther students
Does intention matter??Intentional:Submitting someone elses text as your ownAttempting to blur the line between ones own ideas or words and those borrowed from another source
Unintentional:Carelessly or inadequately citing ideas and words borrowed from another source
Causes of PlagiarismFEAR!Fear of failureFear of taking risks
Poor time management skillsI didnt realize this paper would take this long! I knew I had three weeks to write it, but I thought itd be okay to start it today even though its due tomorrow. Now its not! I guess I have to plagiarize Was that Jonas Brothers concert last weekend really worth this?
Causes of Plagiarism (cont.)Student views the course, assignment, conventions of academic documentation, or consequences as UNIMPORTANTEhh, I know its wrong, but who cares?!
Lack of knowledgeStudent does not know how to properly integrate anothers ideas and document sources of those ideas in their own text.Student does not know how to take careful and fully documented notes during research.
Types of PlagiarismTurning in someone else's work as your ownThanks, Sara!Copying words or ideas from someone else without giving creditThanks, Martin Luther King, Jr.!Failing to put a quotation in quotation marksGiving incorrect information about the source of a quotationThe Declaration of Independence was written by Benjamin Franklin, right?
Types of PlagiarismChanging words but copying the sentence structure of a source without giving creditLiterary Mad Libs!Copying so many words or ideas from a source that it makes up the majority of your work, whether you give credit or notTip: Provide twice as much analysis for a quotation as the length of the quotation. Ex. If your quotation is 2 sentences long, provide at least 4 sentences of analysis for it.
What do I need to know?Do I have to cite sources for every fact I use?Unique individual research vs. common knowledge factsEx. The Droeshout Portrait of William Shakespeare was created by Martin Droeshout, an English engraver. It is on the cover of the First Folio and is one of the only images Shakespeare himself approved as genuine.Ex. William Shakespeare was a playwright during the Elizabethan era.
Does it matter how much was copied?Is it illegal to only steal one car?
What do I need to know? (cont.)If I change the words, do I still have to cite the source?Quoting vs. paraphrasing Both need citations!!
If I write something somebody else already wrote, but I didn't know they wrote it, is that still plagiarism?How close to the original is it? Were you at all influenced by another text?
Consequences of PlagiarismColleges and universitiesZero Tolerance PolicyFailure for assignmentFailure for the courseExpulsion from the schoolLegal punishmentsIf involving money, prizes, or job placementFines between $100 and $50,000 Up to one year in jail
WHRHS Consequences of PlagiarismFirst Reported occurrence: The teacher will determine and document the cheating incident. The teacher will assign a grade of zero to the students work. The teacher will provide copies of the documentation to the department supervisor, to the guidance counselor, and to administration. The parent/guardian will be contacted to schedule a formal conference so that the student may be heard with the teacher, department supervisor, counselor, and parent/guardian present. After this conference, additional appropriate action may be warranted.
WHRHS Consequences (cont.)Additional Reported Occurrences: The teacher will determine and document the cheating incident and assign a grade of zero. The teacher will provide copies of the documentation to the department supervisor, to the guidance counselor, and to administration. The guidance counselor will contact the parent for a formal conference. The administration will determine the appropriate course of action.
SourcesCouncil of Writing Program Administratorshttp://www.wpacouncil.org/node/9Shakespeare Onlinehttp://www.shakespeare-online.com/faqPlagiarism dot orghttp://www.plagiarism.org/index.htmlWHRHS Student Handbook