Text of What is Digital Storytelling? The Digital Storytelling Association defines Digital Storytelling as...
What is Digital Storytelling? The Digital Storytelling Association defines Digital Storytelling as "the modern expression of the ancient art of storytelling. Throughout history, storytelling has been used to share knowledge, wisdom, and values. Stories have taken many different forms. Stories have been adapted to each successive medium that has emerged, from the circle of the campfire to the silver screen, and now the computer screen." Photos Video Music Narration Text
EQUIPMENT Computers with Windows XP/Vista operating system Digital camera / Camcorder Access to the World Wide Web Microphones DVD burner (for creating movies to take home) Software for streaming video (ex. Quicktime) if you consider publishing your movies on a school website (otherwise, not really necessary) Scanner
Windows Movie Maker (PC only) Windows Movie Maker is a FREE video editing software program that is included as part of the Windows operating system (XP and Vista). It allows you to add music, and/or your own narration to your photo stories. It is basically a video version of Powerpoint. ************************************************************* There are other video editing software programsjust to name a few Photo Story 3 for Windows FREE - easy-to-use program that can be downloaded from Microsoft Apple iMovie - FREE (Mac only) Adobe Premiere Elements - (about $99.00) slightly more advance program TECHNOLOGY TOOLS - VIDEO
Microsoft Sound Recorder - free with Windows (can be found from your Start button/All Program/Accessories) Microsoft Sound Recorder - free with Windows (can be found from your Start button/All Program/Accessories) Audacity Program free recorder and editor that can be downloaded Audacity Program free recorder and editor that can be downloaded Goldwave Windows -(about $49.00) Goldwave Windows -(about $49.00) Adobe Audition 3 (about $350.00) Adobe Audition 3 (about $350.00) TECHNOLOGY TOOLS - AUDIO
TECHNOLOGY TOOLS - GRAPHICS Pictures can come from your computer, camera, digital camera, scanner, CD or free photography Websites There are a number of images that can be used in addition to pictures. Some ideas are: documents, old photos, greeting cards, post cards drawings, maps, paintings, book covers, etc
File Formats supported by Windows Movie Maker in Windows XP Supported formats for importing content: Video files:.asf,.avi,.wmv Video files:.asf,.avi,.wmv Movie files: MPEG1,.mpeg,.mpg,.m1v,.mp2 Movie files: MPEG1,.mpeg,.mpg,.m1v,.mp2 Audio files:.wav,.snd,.au,.aif,.aifc,.aiff Audio files:.wav,.snd,.au,.aif,.aifc,.aiff Windows Media files:.asf,.wm,.wma,.wmv Windows Media files:.asf,.wm,.wma,.wmv Still images:.bmp,.jpg,.jpeg,.jpe,.jfif,.gif Still images:.bmp,.jpg,.jpeg,.jpe,.jfif,.gif MP3 format audio:.mp3 MP3 format audio:.mp3 Supported formats for saving movies: Windows Media video files:.wmv Windows Media video files:.wmv Windows Media audio files:.wma Windows Media audio files:.wma DV/AVI format for video:.avi DV/AVI format for video:.avi This information can be found on the Microsoft Help and Support Page.
TECHNOLOGY TOOLS - PLAYERS Windows Media Player Windows Media Player QuickTime Player QuickTime Player ITunes for Mac ITunes for Mac
GETTING VIDEO ON THE COMPUTER Two ways to get video from your camera into your computer: 1)USB port 2)Firewire ports All PCs have USB ports, and many laptops have Firewire ports (Firewire (IEEE 1394) is a faster transfer rate which can transfer higher-quality video) USB is more than sufficient for school-based videos.
Basic Steps to Creating a Digital Story
SELECT SELECT a topic for your digital story Then create a folder on the desktop where you can store all your files (EXTREMELY IMPORTANT STEP)COLLECT: Image resources for your story including: pictures, drawings, photographs, videos, etc. Audio resources such as music, sound effects, speeches, etc. Information from word processing documents, PowerPoint slides, websites, etc Save everything you collected in your folder) ( Save everything you collected in your folder)
Decide which files of your collection you want to use Import images into Movie Maker Import audio and/or music into Movie Maker Add effects for your clips Add transitions
Write the script that you will use as narration in your digital story (it is a good idea to use a storyboard) Record the narration of your script using a microphone (this is done right in MovieMaker) Import the narration (if done with a separate video recorder) Save your project Publish your digital story by saving it as a Windows Media Video (.wmv) file.
AN OVERVIEW OF MOVIE MAKER
TASK PANE ALL PICTURES/VIDEOS/ IMAGES AND MUSIC ARE COLLECTED AND STORED HERE PREVIEW WINDOW (PREVIEW ENTIRE MOVIE OR CLIPS)
Capture Video Area Get video, still pictures, or audio from the camera, disk, or other source
Edit Movie Area Transitions, video effects, titles, and credits
Finish Movie Export to Computer, CD, web, or back to the camera
THE TWO VIEWS IN MOVIE MAKER Use Storyboard to organize the order of clips, insert effects, and insert transitions between video segments. STORYBOARD VIEW
TIMELINE VIEW Switch to the Timeline when you need to insert audio, add narration, or edit the lengths of your movie clips.
This is a graphic of Movie Makers interface including the Movie Tasks pane, the Collection pane, and Monitor window. Movie Tasks Collections Monitor
A storyboard can be used to outline your story. There are many storyboard templates available online or you can make your own. ( A copy is attached with your handouts). A storyboard should contain: Narration or Script Text or titles that appear on images Images (be sure to add the Source so you can build your credits later) When youre ready to tell your story. Remember, your story idea or presentation concept should be outlined or developed before you start. When youre ready to tell your story. Remember, your story idea or presentation concept should be outlined or developed before you start. IT IS NOT A GOOD IDEA TO MAKE IT UP AS YOU GO.
Be sure to save often when using Movie Maker. Even though it is a free program it is not free of problems. VERY IMPORTANT A Windows Movie Maker project file does not contain a copy of the source files that are used in the project, if you want to move a Movie Maker project file and edit it on another computer, you need to copy all of the source content to that computer. That is why it is important to put everything into one folder when creating a movie. IMPORTANT TIPS
COPYRIGHT ISSUES AND FAIR USE TYPE OF MEDIAPORTION LIMITATION Motion MediaUp to 10% or 3 minutes, whichever is less, of a single copyrighted motion media work TextUp to 10% or 1000 words, whichever is less, of a single copyrighted work Poems (text)An entire poem of less than 250 words: no more than three poems by one poet, or five poems by different poets from a single anthology In poems of greater length: up to 250 words but no more than three excerpts by a single poet or five excerpts by different poets from a single anthology Music, Lyrics, and Music Video Up to 10%, but not more than 30 seconds of music and lyrics from an individual musical work; any alterations to a musical work shall not change the basic melody or the fundamental character of the work Illustrations and Photographs A photograph or illustration may be used in its entirety. No more than 5 images by an artist or photographer. Not more than 10% or 15 images, whichever is less, from a single published collected work Numerical Data Sets (spread sheets/databases) Up to 10% or 2500 fields or cell entries, whichever is less, from a copyrighted database or data table; A field entry is defined as a specific item of information, such as a name or Social Security number, in a record of a database file. A cell entry is defined as the intersection where a row and a column meet on a spreadsheet. Copying and Distribution LimitationsOnly a limited number of copies, including the original, may be made of an educator's educational multimedia project. No more than two use copies only one of which may be placed on reserve; An additional copy may be made for preservation purposes but may only be used or copied to replace a use copy that has been lost, stolen, or damaged; In the case of a jointly created educational multimedia project, each principal creator may retain one copy following the time and use restraints listed above Guidelines from Encyclopedia of Educational Technology Encyc