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Welcome. Domestic Abuse and Violence against Women Awareness Raising Trainers:- Kerry Herriott - Development Officer Domestic Abuse and Violence Against

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welcome Slide 2 Domestic Abuse and Violence against Women Awareness Raising Trainers:- Kerry Herriott - Development Officer Domestic Abuse and Violence Against Women Partnership Beth Mitchell - Child Protection Officer, Social Work Services Slide 3 Housekeeping Emergency Arrangements Mobile Phones Self Care: Emotive Warning Slide 4 Ground Rules Listen without interruption Have respect for the feelings, experiences and values of others Respect confidentiality Be responsible for your own learning Slide 5 Learning Objectives by the end of this course you will:- Understand the nature and context of domestic abuse Understand the impact of domestic abuse on the safety and welfare of children Understand domestic abuse and how this can impact on parenting capacity Have an awareness of local services to support women who have suffered domestic abuse Have an awareness of local services available to children who have experienced domestic abuse Slide 6 Activity 1 What is Domestic Abuse ? Slide 7 The National Strategy to Address Domestic Abuse in Scotland Domestic abuse ( as gender-based abuse) can be perpetrated by partners or ex-partners and can include Physical abuse - assault and physical attack involving a range of behaviour Sexual abuse - acts which degrade and humiliate women and are perpetrated against their will, including rape Mental and emotional abuse - such as threats, verbal abuse, racial abuse, withholding money and other types of controlling behaviour such as isolation from family or friends Slide 8 What is gender-based violence? Violence that is directed against a woman because she is a woman, or violence that affects women disproportionately. It includes acts that inflict physical, mental or sexual harm or suffering, threats of such acts, coercion and other deprivations of liberty. (United Nations) GENDER- BASED VIOLENCE VIOLENCE RAPE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE COMMERCIAL SEXUAL EXPLOITATION SEXUAL HARASSMENT & STALKING HARMFUL TRADITIONAL PRACTICES DOMESTIC ABUSE Slide 9 It encompasses Domestic abuse Rape Sexual harassment and intimidation at work and in the public sphere Commercial sexual exploitation Prostitution and trafficking Child sexual abuse Dowry related violence Female genital mutilation Forced and child marriages Honour crimes Slide 10 The context of Domestic Abuse A HISTORIC PERSPECTIVE ! Slide 11 1600 There were special crimes and punishments for women only Women found guilty of gossiping and quarrelling were forced to stand in public with a branks over their head A branks was made out of metal and had a mouth piece to hold down the tongue, keep the mouth open and keep the woman silent Slide 12 1782 Judge Buller ruled that a man could beat his with a stick as long as it was not thicker than his thumb. It was considered acceptable at this time that men would need to use violence to control and punish their wives Slide 13 1800 Before a woman married, her father or nearest male relative would make decisions for her until she reached the age of 21 When she married, her husband made decisions for her A womans husband owned all her possessions up until 1870 Slide 14 1878 Women for the first time are allowed to study for university degrees. Slide 15 1909 Women, known as suffragettes, who had been campaigning for the right to vote for almost thirty years, began to take militant direct action Many went to jail for their actions Some went on hunger strike and were force-fed Slide 16 1919 Nancy Astor became the first woman MP to take up her seat in the House of Commons. Slide 17 1928 All women over the age of 21 are able to vote Women struggled for almost 100 years for the right to vote at political elections Slide 18 1970s The first refuges for women experiencing domestic violence were opened in Scotland and England Slide 19 1989 Rape within marriage was recognised as a crime in Scotland The law was changed in England and Wales in 1991 Slide 20 1993 The first Zero Tolerance campaign was launched by the Womens Committee of Edinburgh District Council It was taken up the local authorities across the UK Violence against women became a policy priority of the Scottish Parliament, established 1999 Slide 21 GENDER STEREOYPING ACTIVITY 2 Slide 22 Definition sex Refers to biological characteristics The system of reproductions which distinguish the human species as male or female It does not determine differences in behaviour status or qualities These are ascribed by the social situations in which men and women live Slide 23 Definition Gender Gender ascriptions are learned They determine how we are perceived and how we are expected to act It determines how we are expected to act It determines how we order societies Slide 24 Coffee Break Slide 25 Some Statistics In the context of domestic abuse, 40 to 60 percent of children and young people are also physically abused by the perpetrator (Mullender & Morley ( Eds), 1995) Inquiries into child killings in the UK indicate a context of domestic abuse in a large proportion of cases in which children have died as a result of physical abuse ((OHara, 1994 UK) Slide 26 The majority of children can describe incidents of domestic abuse in detail (Jaffe et al 1990) Children are in the same or next room in 90% of cases ( Hughes 1992) Women who experience violence have a 50% higher incidence of miscarriage ( Mooney 1993) Slide 27 2007, 2008 & 2009 STATISTICS (from Pathfinder based on Police Statistics 200720082009 TOTAL NUMBER OF DOMESTIC ABUSE (DA) INCIDENTS 124111461175 TOTAL NUMBER INCLUDING CHILDREN 649609629 TOTAL NUMBER EXCLUDING CHILDREN 592537546 TOTAL NUMBER OF CHILDREN INVOLVED IN DA INCIDENTS 113110271061 TOTAL NUMBER DA INCIDENTS BY AREA 200720082009 NITHSDALE 607525549 ANNANDALE & ESKDALE 278319270 STEWARTRY 10395107 STRANRAER 250191223 Slide 28 GENDER 200720082009 MALE PERPETRATOR, FEMALE VICTIM 10779961008 FEMALE PERPETRATOR, MALE VICTIM 159140149 FEMALE PERPETRATOR, FEMALE VICTIM 145 MALE PERPETRATOR, MALE VICTIM 4613 Slide 29 Impact of Domestic Abuse on parenting Activity 3 Gaining Power and Control Slide 30 why doesnt she just leave? Isolation Disability & Exhaustion Degradation and Humiliation Threats Displays of Total Power Enforcing Trivial Demands Occasional Indulgences Distorted Perspectives Slide 31 Consequences of Violence Against Women Goes far beyond immediate physical damage Erodes womens self-esteem Inhibits her ability to defend herself/take action against the abuser Health implications physical and mental Repercussions echo through family and society Slide 32 Activity 4 Daddy be good Slide 33 How children respond to Domestic Abuse Increased aggression School problems Anxiety Grief Insomnia Mental Health problems, psychological and/or behavioural difficulties Loss of confidence Slide 34 What to do if you are concerned about a child Know who to report to in your own agency if you have concerns about a child Seek advice from the police tel. no.0845 600 5701 In an emergency always dial 999 Seek advice from Social Work Services tel. no 01387 260000 Out of Hours Social Work 0800 811 505 Dont delay Slide 35 Local support services for children and women who have experienced Domestic Abuse Womens Aid :Dumfriesshire and Stewartry Womens Aid 01387 263052. 24 hr on call 07710152772 Wigtownshire Womens Aid 01776 703104 South West Rape Crisis & Sexual Abuse Centre 01387 253113 Mens Advice Line 0808 801 0327 For perpetrators RESPECT 0845 122 8609 Slide 36 Activity 5 Quiz Slide 37 T hank you For your participation