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  • 1. Walt DisneyWalt Disney Walter EliasWalter Elias""WaltWalt""DisneyDisney(December 5, 1901 (December 5, 1901 December 15, 1966) was an AmericanDecember 15, 1966) was an Americanbusinessbusiness magnatemagnate,,animatoranimator,,producerproducer,,directordirector,,screenwriterscreenwriter ,,philanthropistphilanthropist, and, andvoicevoice actoractor. As a prominent. As a prominent figure within thefigure within theAmericanAmerican animationanimation industryindustryandand throughout the world, he is regarded as athroughout the world, he is regarded as aculturalcultural iconicon ,known for his influence and contributions to,known for his influence and contributions to entertainmententertainmentduring the 20th century. As aduring the 20th century. As a HollywoodHollywoodbusiness mogul, he and his brotherbusiness mogul, he and his brotherRoyRoy O.O. DisneyDisneyco-foundedco-foundedTheThe WaltWalt DisneyDisney CompanyCompany..

2. As an animator and entrepreneur, Disney was particularly noted as a filmAs an animator and entrepreneur, Disney was particularly noted as a film producer and a popular showman, as well as an innovator in animation andproducer and a popular showman, as well as an innovator in animation and themetheme parkparkdesign. He and his staff created various fictional charactersdesign. He and his staff created various fictional characters includingincludingMickeyMickey MouseMouse,,DonaldDonald DuckDuckandandGoofyGoofy. Disney himself was the. Disney himself was the original voice for Mickey. During his lifetime, he received four honoraryoriginal voice for Mickey. During his lifetime, he received four honorary AcademyAcademy AwardsAwardsand won 22 Academy Awards from a total of 59and won 22 Academy Awards from a total of 59 nominations, including a record of four in one year,giving himnominations, including a record of four in one year,giving himmoremore awardsawards andand nominationsnominationsthan any other individual in history. Disney also won seventhan any other individual in history. Disney also won seven EmmyEmmy AwardsAwardsand gave his name to theand gave his name to theDisneylandDisneylandandandWaltWalt DisneyDisney WorldWorld ResortResorttheme parks in the U.S., as well as the international resorts,theme parks in the U.S., as well as the international resorts, TokyoTokyo DisneyDisney ResortResort,,DisneylandDisneyland ParisParis, and, andHongHong KongKong DisneylandDisneyland.. He died on December 15, 1966, from lung cancer inHe died on December 15, 1966, from lung cancer inBurbankBurbank,, CaliforniaCalifornia. A. A year later, construction of theyear later, construction of theWaltWalt DisneyDisney WorldWorld ResortResortbegan in Florida.began in Florida. His brother Roy inaugurated theHis brother Roy inaugurated theMagicMagic KingdomKingdomon October 1, 1971.on October 1, 1971. 3. 1920-1937: start of1920-1937: start of animation careeranimation career In January 1920, Disney and Iwerks formed a short-lived company calledIn January 1920, Disney and Iwerks formed a short-lived company called "Iwerks-Disney Commercial Artists". However, following a rough start,"Iwerks-Disney Commercial Artists". However, following a rough start, Disney left temporarily to earn money at the Kansas City Film AdDisney left temporarily to earn money at the Kansas City Film Ad Company. He was soon joined by Iwerks, who was not able to run theirCompany. He was soon joined by Iwerks, who was not able to run their business alone.While working for the company, where he madebusiness alone.While working for the company, where he made commercials based oncommercials based oncutoutcutout animationanimation, Disney became interested in, Disney became interested in animation and decided to become an animator.The owner of the Adanimation and decided to become an animator.The owner of the Ad Company, A.V. Cauger, allowed him to borrow a camera from work toCompany, A.V. Cauger, allowed him to borrow a camera from work to experiment with at home. After reading the Edwin G. Lutzexperiment with at home. After reading the Edwin G. Lutz bookAnimated Cartoons: How They Are Made, Their Origin andbookAnimated Cartoons: How They Are Made, Their Origin and Development, Disney consideredDevelopment, Disney consideredcelcelanimation to be much moreanimation to be much more promising than the cutout animation he was doing for Cauger. Hepromising than the cutout animation he was doing for Cauger. He eventually decided to open his own animation business and recruited aeventually decided to open his own animation business and recruited a fellow co-worker at the Ad Company,fellow co-worker at the Ad Company,FredFred HarmanHarman, as his first, as his first employee.Disney and Harman then started creating cartoonsemployee.Disney and Harman then started creating cartoons calledLaugh-O-Grams.Disney studiedcalledLaugh-O-Grams.Disney studiedAesop'sAesop's FablesFablesas a model. Theas a model. The first six of the new Laugh-O-Grams were modernized fairy tales.Theyfirst six of the new Laugh-O-Grams were modernized fairy tales.They screened their cartoons at a local theater owned by Frank Newman, whoscreened their cartoons at a local theater owned by Frank Newman, who was one of the most popular "showmen" in Kansas City.was one of the most popular "showmen" in Kansas City. 4. Film and business career inFilm and business career in HollywoodHollywood Two months after their arrival in October, 1923,Disney and hisTwo months after their arrival in October, 1923,Disney and his brother Roy pooled their money and set up a cartoon studio inbrother Roy pooled their money and set up a cartoon studio in Hollywood.Hollywood.VirginiaVirginia DavisDavis, the live-action star ofAlice's, the live-action star ofAlice's Wonderland, and her family relocated from Kansas City toWonderland, and her family relocated from Kansas City to Hollywood at Disney's request, as did Iwerks and his family.Hollywood at Disney's request, as did Iwerks and his family. This was the beginning of theThis was the beginning of theDisneyDisney BrothersBrothers'' StudioStudio, located on, located on Hyperion Avenue in theHyperion Avenue in theSilverSilver LakeLake districtdistrict, where it remained, where it remained until 1939. In 1925 Disney hired a young woman nameduntil 1939. In 1925 Disney hired a young woman namedLillianLillian BoundsBoundsto ink and paint celluloid. After a brief courtship, the pairto ink and paint celluloid. After a brief courtship, the pair married that same year, on July 25, 1925.married that same year, on July 25, 1925. 5. First AcAdemy AwArd AndFirst AcAdemy AwArd And subsequent spin-oFFssubsequent spin-oFFs On November 18, 1932, Disney received a special Academy Award forOn November 18, 1932, Disney received a special Academy Award for the creation of "Mickey Mouse".The series, which switched to color inthe creation of "Mickey Mouse".The series, which switched to color in 1935, soon launched spin-offs for supporting characters such as1935, soon launched spin-offs for supporting characters such as DonaldDonald DuckDuck,,GoofyGoofy, and, andPlutoPluto. Of all Mickey's partners, Donald. Of all Mickey's partners, Donald Duck, who first teamed up with Mickey in the 1934 cartoon,Duck, who first teamed up with Mickey in the 1934 cartoon,Orphan'sOrphan's BenefitBenefit, was arguably the most popular, going on to become Disney's, was arguably the most popular, going on to become Disney's second most successful cartoon character of all time.second most successful cartoon character of all time. 6. Beauty and the BeastBeauty and the Beast WaltWalt DisneyDisneyfirst attempted unsuccessfullyfirst attempted unsuccessfully to adaptBeauty and the Beastinto anto adaptBeauty and the Beastinto an animated feature film during the 1930sanimated feature film during the 1930s and 1950s. Following the success ofand 1950s. Following the success of TheThe LittleLittle MermaidMermaid(1989), Disney(1989), Disney decided to adapt the fairy tale, whichdecided to adapt the fairy tale, which Richard Purdum originally conceived asRichard Purdum originally conceived as a non-musical. Disney chairmana non-musical. Disney chairmanJeffreyJeffrey KatzenbergKatzenbergeventually discontinuedeventually discontinued the idea and ordered that the film be athe idea and ordered that the film be a musical similar toThe Littlemusical similar toThe Little Mermaidinstead, resulting inMermaidinstead, resulting in Purdum's resignation.Beauty and thePurdum's resignation.Beauty and the Beastwas directed byBeastwas directed byGaryGary TrousdaleTrousdale andandKirkKirk WiseWise, with a screenplay by, with a screenplay by LindaLinda WoolvertonWoolvertonstory first creditedstory first credited totoRogerRoger AllersAllers. Lyricist. LyricistHowardHoward AshmanAshmanand composerand composerAlanAlan MenkenMenken wrote the film's songs. Ashman, whowrote the film's songs. Ashman, who additionally served as an executiveadditionally served as an executive producer on the film, died ofproducer on the film, died ofAIDSAIDS related complications eight monthsrelated complications eight months before the film's release, and the filmbefore the film's release, and the film was dedicated to his memory.was dedicated to his memory. 7. Beauty and the Beastpremiered at theBeauty and the Beastpremiered at theNewNew YorkYork FilmFilm FestivalFestivalon September 29, 1991,on September 29, 1991, followed by a theatrical release onfollowed by a theatrical release on November 22 to critical acclaim. It has alsoNovember 22 to critical acclaim. It has also earned a rare "A+" rating fromearned a rare "A+" rating from CinemaScoreCinemaScore.The film was a box office.The film was a box office success, and has since garnered over $424success, and has since garnered over $424 million worldwide.Beauty and themillion worldwide.Beauty and the Beastwas nominated for several awards,Beastwas nominated for several awards, winning thewinning theGoldenGolden GlobeGlobe AwardAward forfor BestBest MotionMotion Picture Picture MusicalMusical oror ComedyComedy.. Famously,Beauty and the BeastbecameFamously,Beauty and the Beastbecame the first animated film to be nominated forthe first animated film to be nominated for thetheAcademyAcademy AwardAward forfor BestBest PicturePicture. The. The film received five additionalfilm received five additionalAcademyAcademy AwardAwardnominations, includingnominations, includingBestBest OriginalOriginal ScoreScore,,BestBest SoundSound, and three, and three separate nominations forseparate nominations forBestBest OriginalOriginal SongSong. Ultimately, the film won Best Original. Ultimately, the film won Best Original Score, while Best Original Song wasScore, while Best Original Song was awarded to itsawarded to itstitletitle songsong. In 2002,Beauty. In 2002,Beauty and the Beastwas deemed "culturally,and the Beastwas deemed "culturally, historically, or aesthetically significant" byhistorically, or aesthetically significant" by thetheLibraryLibrary ofof CongressCongressand selected forand selected for preservation in thepreservation in theNationalNational FilmFilm RegistryRegistry.. 8. The Little MermaidThe Little Mermaid The Little MermaidThe Little Mermaidis a 1989is a 1989 AmericanAmericananimatedanimatedmusicalmusicalfantasyfantasy filmfilmproduced byproduced byWaltWalt DisneyDisney FeatureFeature AnimationAnimationand released byand released byWaltWalt DisneyDisney PicturesPictures. Based on the. Based on theDanishDanish fairyfairy taletalebybyHansHans ChristianChristian AndersenAndersen ,The Little Mermaidtells the story of,The Little Mermaidtells the story of aamermaidmermaidwho dreams of becomingwho dreams of becoming human. Written, directed, andhuman. Written, directed, and produced byproduced byRonRon ClementsClementsandandJohnJohn MuskerMusker, with music by, with music byAlanAlan MenkenMenken andandHowardHoward AshmanAshman(who also(who also served as a co-producer), the filmserved as a co-producer), the film features the voices offeatures the voices ofJodiJodi BensonBenson,, ChristopherChristopher DanielDaniel BarnesBarnes,,PatPat CarrollCarroll ,,SamuelSamuel E.E. WrightWright, Jason Marin,, Jason Marin, KennethKenneth MarsMars,,BuddyBuddy HackettHackett, and, and RenRen AuberjonoisAuberjonois.. The 28th film in theThe 28th film in theWaltWalt DisneyDisney AnimatedAnimated ClassicsClassics seriesseries,The Little,The Little Mermaidwas released to theaters onMermaidwas released to theaters on November 17, 1989 to largely positiveNovember 17, 1989 to largely positive reviews, garnering $84 million at thereviews, garnering $84 million at the domestic box office during its initialdomestic box office during its initial release,and $211 million in totalrelease,and $211 million in total lifetime gross worldwide.lifetime gross worldwide. 9. After the success of theAfter the success of the 19881988DisneyDisney//AmblinAmblin filmfilmWhoWho FramedFramed RogerRoger RabbitRabbit,The Little,The Little Mermaidis given credit for breathing lifeMermaidis given credit for breathing life back into the art of Disney animated featureback into the art of Disney animated feature films after a string of critical or commercialfilms after a string of critical or commercial failures produced by Disney that dated backfailures produced by Disney that dated back to the early 1970s. It also marked the start ofto the early 1970s. It also marked the start of the era known as thethe era known as theDisneyDisney RenaissanceRenaissance.. 10. Sleeping BeautySleeping Beauty ""Sleeping Beauty" (Sleeping Beauty" (FrenchFrench::La Belle au bois dormantLa Belle au bois dormant"The Beauty Sleeping in"The Beauty Sleeping in the Wood") bythe Wood") byCharlesCharles PerraultPerraultor "Little Briar Rose" (or "Little Briar Rose" (GermanGerman:: DornrschenDornrschen) by the) by theBrothersBrothers GrimmGrimmis a classic fairytale involving ais a classic fairytale involving a beautiful princess, asleeping enchantment, and a handsome prince. Thebeautiful princess, asleeping enchantment, and a handsome prince. The version collected by the Grimms was an orally transmitted version of theversion collected by the Grimms was an orally transmitted version of the originally literary tale published byCharles PerraultinHistoires ou contesoriginally literary tale published byCharles PerraultinHistoires ou contes du temps passin 1697.This in turn was based onSun, Moon, anddu temps passin 1697.This in turn was based onSun, Moon, and TaliabyGiambattista Basile(published posthumously in 1634), which wasTaliabyGiambattista Basile(published posthumously in 1634), which was in turn based on one or morefolk tales. The earliest known version of thein turn based on one or morefolk tales. The earliest known version of the story isPerceforest, composed between 1330 and 1344 and first printed instory isPerceforest, composed between 1330 and 1344 and first printed in 1528.1528. 11. Walt DisneyWalt Disney 12. Disney Princesses - If you can dreamDisney Princesses - If you can dream Instrumental HDInstrumental HD [[ ]]