W ARM U P 3/18 When members of Congress want to vote ‘yes’ on a bill, what do they say? What if they want to vote ‘no’? Yes=Yea No=Nay.

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    28-Jan-2016

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<ul><li><p>Warm Up 3/18When members of Congress want to vote yes on a bill, what do they say? What if they want to vote no? Yes=YeaNo=Nay</p></li><li><p>ObjectivesSWBATDescribe the roles of a CongressmanExplain the decision making process Congressmen use when voting on bill. </p></li><li><p>Besides voting on bills, what else are our Congressmen doing? </p></li><li><p>LegislatorCommittee MemberPoliticianMakes lawsScreens bills &amp;provides oversight of executive branchRepresentativeProvide help &amp; services to constituents with problems PartisanParty loyalty support party goalsGet re-elected &amp;make deals</p></li><li><p>I attended the Democratic National Convention.I came back to California to get federal funds for families impacted by the fire.I amended several sections of a bill.Partisan</p><p>Politician; Representative; Legislator</p><p>Committee MemberWhat hat(s) of Congress am I? </p></li><li><p>Members of Congress think about FOUR FACTORS when deciding whether to vote for a law.</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1 FACTOR #2 What is my personal opinion?FACTOR #3 What are the views of my political party?FACTOR #4 What do my voters think?Does the Constitution give Congress the power to pass the law?</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1Does the Constitution give Congress the power to pass the law?</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1 The POWERS of CONGRESS Congress is limited by what the Constitution says.The Constitution only gives Congress certain powers.Like What?</p></li><li><p>Here is what the Constitution says Congress can do:Collect taxes to raise money to pay debts, to defend the country, and to provide for the general welfare of the United States.FACTOR #1 The POWERS of CONGRESS </p></li><li><p>Control commerce (business) that happens across state lines, with foreign countries, and with Indian tribes.FACTOR #1 The POWERS of CONGRESS Here is what the Constitution says Congress can do:</p></li><li><p> Make laws about immigration. Make laws about bankruptcy. Establish post offices.FACTOR #1 The POWERS of CONGRESS Here is what the Constitution says Congress can do:</p></li><li><p> Declare war. Raise and support armies.FACTOR #1 The POWERS of CONGRESS Here is what the Constitution says Congress can do:</p></li><li><p>Oh, and heres one more:Make all laws that are necessary and proper for executing any of these powers.Hold on! What does that mean?FACTOR #1 The POWERS of CONGRESS </p></li><li><p>That means Congress can sometimes do things that are not on the list . . .. . . if it relates to something that is on the list!FACTOR #1 The POWERS of CONGRESS </p></li><li><p>MINI-QUIZ!Test Your Knowledge About Factor #1</p></li><li><p>MINI-QUIZCan Congress pass any law it wants to?YES! Congress has the power to do anything. NO! Congress can only do what the Constitution says it can do.</p></li><li><p>Congress has the power to create armies. True FalseMINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>Congress cannot control business that happens in more than one state. True FalseMINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>Congress may collect taxes for certain reasons. True FalseMINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>Congress may not make any laws about immigration. True FalseMINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>Congress may make any law as long as it is necessary and proper. True FalseMINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>When may Congress do something that is not listed in the Constitution? Always NeverWhen it relates to something that is listed Only on ThursdaysMINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #2What is my personal opinion?</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #2 PERSONAL OPINION Members of Congress are human beings, just like you!Sometimes they agree with a billand sometimes they are totally against a bill.No way!Love it!</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #3 POLITICAL PARTY VIEWS People in a political party share similar values.They work for laws that reflect those values.</p></li><li><p>For a member of Congress, being in a political party is like being on a team. Members of the team support each other and try to create bills that reflect their values.FACTOR #3 POLITICAL PARTY VIEWS </p></li><li><p>Usually members of Congress agree with their political party about bills. But sometimes they dont.FACTOR #3 POLITICAL PARTY VIEWS </p></li><li><p>FACTOR #4 WHAT THE VOTERS THINK There would be too many people in Congress if everyone went . . .So voters choose a few people to represent them.</p></li><li><p>People in Congress are responsible for representing the voters back home.So theyd better think about those voters, becauseFACTOR #4 WHAT THE VOTERS THINK </p></li><li><p>Voters send people to Congress . . .. . . and voters can kick people out!FACTOR #4 WHAT THE VOTERS THINK </p></li><li><p>MINI-QUIZ!Test Your Knowledge About Factors 2, 3, and 4!</p></li><li><p>Members of Congress vote based only on their personal opinions.TRUE! Personal opinion is the only factor. FALSE! They consider other factors too.MINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>Members of Congress always agree with their political party about bills. True FalseMINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>When considering a bill, members of Congress should think about... Only themselves Voters back home People on the moonMINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>If members of Congress do a bad job, voters can kick them out. True FalseMINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>In Congress, being in a political party is like being on a... Team Game show Surf boardMINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>People in the same political party share similar Eye color Opinions about movies ValuesMINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>When considering a bill, members of Congress usually think about Their own opinions The Constitution Political party views What voters think All of the aboveMINI-QUIZ</p></li><li><p>Congratulations! Youve been elected to Congress!Time to make some decisions on bills!</p></li><li><p>BILL A mail delivery on Saturdays!StopYikes! That seems like a big decision!Wed better look at the four factors</p></li><li><p>Does Congress have the power to establish post offices? Yes NoFACTOR #1Does Congress have the power to stop Saturday mail delivery?</p></li><li><p>Is deciding what days mail will be delivered part of establishing a post office? Probably Probably notDoes Congress have the power to stop Saturday mail delivery?FACTOR #1</p></li><li><p>Congress has the power to stop Saturday mail deliveryCongress does not have the power to stop Saturday deliveryTherefore:(Quickly explain why on your paper.)Does Congress have the power to stop Saturday mail delivery?FACTOR #1</p></li><li><p>WAIT!There are a few things you should know before you make up your mind.FACTOR #2In your opinion, should Saturday mail delivery end?</p></li><li><p>The U.S. Postal Service pays for itself with the money it brings in from its services.</p></li><li><p>HOWEVER The Postal Service is losing a LOT of money because people are sending fewer letters. </p><p>Chart1</p><p>5</p><p>4.5</p><p>3</p><p>1</p><p>Income</p><p>Postal Service Income</p><p>Sheet1</p><p>Income</p><p>5</p><p>4.5</p><p>3</p><p>1</p><p>To resize chart data range, drag lower right corner of range.</p></li><li><p>Instead of using the mail, people are texting and sending email and paying their bills online. </p></li><li><p>In 2009, the Postal Service lost$ 3,800,000,000(Thats $3.8 billion.)(With a b.)Stopping delivery on Saturdays would save the Postal Service$ 3,000,000,000(Thats $3 billion.)</p></li><li><p>Is it worth it? Should you consider other factors besides how much money it costs?Decide what you think and mark your answer on your paper. Dont forget to explain your choice.FACTOR #2In your opinion, should Saturday mail delivery end?</p></li><li><p>Look at the checklist of values on your handout. FACTOR #3Would your political party support ending Saturday delivery?Which value most matches the purpose of this bill?</p></li><li><p>Cost saving!FACTOR #3Would your political party support ending Saturday delivery?That means the Republican Party would be most likely to support this bill.</p></li><li><p>WAIT!There are a few things you should know before you make up your mind.FACTOR #4Would your voters support ending Saturday mail delivery?</p></li><li><p>In 1957, Congress passed a law to stop Saturday mail. It lasted one Saturday!Voters were so angry that Congress passed a bill to bring Saturday delivery back!Wheres our mail?We are MAD!</p></li><li><p>Did they have email in 1957? Yes No(Do you think that would make a difference to voters today?)FACTOR #4Would your voters support ending Saturday mail delivery?</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #4For this activity, lets pretend the state or district you represent has more older voters than younger voters. Would your voters support ending Saturday mail delivery?</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #4Would your voters support ending Saturday mail delivery?Older voters are more likely to still use the Postal Service. Younger voters are more likely to use email.</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #4So Do you think your voters will support this bill?Mark your papers.Would your voters support ending Saturday mail delivery?</p></li><li><p>TIME TO VOTE!Youve looked at all four factors.Now you must weigh them all and decide whether to vote yea or nay. Mark your papers.</p></li><li><p>If you marked yea, raise your hand.If you marked nay, raise your hand.TIME TO VOTE!</p></li><li><p>Did the bill pass?TIME TO VOTE!</p></li><li><p>BILL B Increase the minimum wage from25 cents! Thats a lot!Wed better look at the four factors$7.25to$7.50per hour.</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1Does Congress have the power to raise the minimum wage?What is the minimum wage?Its the smallest amount anyone has ever earned!B. Its the lowest hourly rate an employer is allowed to pay an employee.</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1Does Congress have the power to raise the minimum wage?Look at the list of powers Congress has. Does it say Congress can set peoples wages? Yes No</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1Does Congress have the power to raise the minimum wage?What power lets Congress do something thats not on the list if it relates to something that is on the list?Make any laws necessary and proper for laws on the list!</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1Look at the list again. Is there a power that might relate to the money people earn at their jobs?Does Congress have the power to raise the minimum wage?</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1Does Congress have the power to raise the minimum wage?Heres a hint: Its one of these three powers: Establish post officesPass laws about business that happens across state lines Declare war</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1Does Congress have the power to raise the minimum wage?Businesses are the ones that pay people a wage, so this power is related to a bill about the minimum wage.</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1Does Congress have the power to raise the minimum wage?Mark your papers!</p></li><li><p>Mark your papers!FACTOR #2In your opinion, should Congress raise the minimum wage to $7.50 per hour?</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #3Would your political party support raising the minimum wage?Look at the checklist of values on your handout. Which value most matches the purpose of this bill?</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #3Would your political party support raising the minimum wage?Generosity!That means the Democratic Party would be most likely to support this bill.</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #4Would your voters support raising the minimum wage?WAIT!There is some important information that will help you decide...</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #4Would your voters support raising the minimum wage?Some states have their own minimum wage that is higher than the national minimum wage.Some do not.</p></li><li><p>Check out the minimum wage laws in your state:The states minimum wage law ishigherlowerequal to the national minimum wage.No state minimum wage.Source: http://www.dol.gov/whd/minwage/america.htmJanuary 1, 2010Write down the information for your state.</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #4Would your voters support raising the minimum wage?Mark your papers!</p></li><li><p>Youve looked at all four factors.Now you must weigh them all and decide whether to vote yea or nay. Mark your papers.TIME TO VOTE!</p></li><li><p>If you marked yea, raise your hand.If you marked nay, raise your hand.TIME TO VOTE!</p></li><li><p>Did the bill pass?TIME TO VOTE!</p></li><li><p>BILL C The government will give titles of nobility to some citizens.Hey! Who made her Queen?Dunno! Better look at the four factors</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1Does Congress have the power to grant titles of nobility?Is granting titles of nobility on the list of Congresss powers? Yes No Absolutely not!!</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1Does Congress have the power to grant titles of nobility?The Constitution specifically says that no title of nobility shall be granted by the United States.</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #1Does Congress have the power to grant titles of nobility?Mark your papers!</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #2In your opinion, should Congress grant titles of nobility?Mark your papers!</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #3Would your political party support granting titles of nobility?Look at the checklist of values on your handout. Do any of the values match the purpose of this bill?</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #3Would your political party support granting titles of nobility?No!Neither party would support this bill. Its just plain un-American!XXXXXX</p></li><li><p>FACTOR #4Since not everyone would get a special title, do you think most voters would support this?Mark your papers!Would your voters support granting titles of nobility?</p></li><li><p>Youve looked at all four factors.Now you must weigh them all and decideWAIT!TIME TO VOTE!</p></li><li><p>There is one factor that matters more than all the rest. Which one is it? Congresss power Your personal opinion Political party support What your voters thinkTIME TO VOTE!</p></li><li><p>Would a bill clearly against Congresss power even make it to a vote? Probably Probably notTIME TO VOTE!</p></li><li><p>If this bill did come to a vote, would YOU vote yea or nay?Mark your papers.TIME TO VOTE!</p><p>*******************Explain to students that there is a national minimum wage, but that many states also have a state minimum wage. Because federal laws are superior to state laws, states cannot set a minimum wage that is lower than the federal minimum wage.**Have students jot down the information for their state. Theyll need to refer to it a few slides later.If students ask, AS is American Samoa, which has its own minimum wage laws.**</p></li></ul>

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