View, Meditation and Action in Mahayana and Buddhist Center in Norway over two weekend courses. The

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    View, Meditation and Action

    in

    Mahayana

    and

    Vajrayana

    by Khenpo Sangpo Rinpoche

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    Foreword

    This text is based on teachings given by Khenpo Sangpo Rinpoche at Karma Tashi Ling

    Buddhist Center in Norway over two weekend courses. The first, “Mahayana – view, meditation, and

    action,” were given on the 15th and 16th of September 2018, and the second, “Vajrayana – view,

    meditation and action,” a week later, on the 22nd and 23rd.

    The first part of the text explains the view of emptiness in the Madhyamika, as taught in the

    Buddha’s Abidharma. Rinpoche recommended the participants also to read another text, where he

    expounds the Abidharma, based on earlier teaching given in Norway in 20021. Rinpoche points out

    that a good understanding of emptiness according to the Abidharma is a necessary foundation for

    the second part, where he explains the higher tantric “view, meditation and action” of Vajrayana.

    The teaching on Vajrayana was given as a commentary on Patrul Rinpoche's root text “Hitting

    the Essence in Three Words.” Patrul Rinpoche was a famous master, who spent most of his life in

    retreat in the Dzogchen valley in East Tibet. The reader may want to consult the English translation

    of the root text provided by Lotsawa House2. The English quotes in this text are taken from this

    translation.

    Khenpo Sangpo belongs to one of the shortest Dzogchen Longchen Nyingtig-lineages in the

    world, consisting of 1) All-knowing Jigme Lingpa, 2) Jigme Gyalwe Nyugu, 3) Migyur Namkhar

    Dorje (teacher of Patrul Rinpoche), 4) Orgyen Tenzin Norbu, 5) Shenpen Choki Nunwa, 6) Great

    Khenpo Yonten Gonpo, 7) Kyabje Pema Kalsang Rinpoche and 8) Khenpo Sangpo Rinpoche.

    These teachings, spoken directly from Rinpoche’s own experience and heart, were translated

    into English by Lama Changchub, the resident lama of Karma Tashi Ling in Norway, with help from

    Boyce Teoh. Aksel Sogstad transcribed the teachings. Berit Seem has helped with proof-reading the

    text.

    1 https://teaching.sangye.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/gateway_eng.pdf 2 http://www.lotsawahouse.org/tibetan-masters/patrul-rinpoche/tsik-sum-nedek-root

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    Content Foreword .................................................................................................................................................................................. 2

    View, Meditation and Action in Mahayana....................................................................................................................... 5

    The Uniqueness of the Buddhist view ........................................................................................................................... 5

    Impermanence .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

    Karma and Afflictions as Causes of Suffering .............................................................................................................. 7

    The Emptiness of the Five Aggregates .......................................................................................................................... 7

    Understanding and Cultivating the View ...................................................................................................................... 9

    Questions and Answers .................................................................................................................................................. 11

    Meditation ......................................................................................................................................................................... 13

    The Noble Eightfold Path ................................................................................................................................................ 14

    Questions and Answers .................................................................................................................................................. 18

    Accepting Obstacles on the Path .................................................................................................................................. 20

    The Aggregate of Form – Seeing that All is Empty ................................................................................................... 23

    The Emptiness of the Indivisible Particle ............................................................................................................... 25

    Causal Form .................................................................................................................................................................. 26

    The Aggregate of Feeling – Going Beyond Hope and Fear ..................................................................................... 26

    The Aggregate of Perception – The Minister of the ‘I’ ............................................................................................ 27

    Releasing Thoughts and Concepts in Meditation ................................................................................................ 28

    The Aggregate of Formation – The Innumerable ..................................................................................................... 28

    The Aggregate of Consciousness .................................................................................................................................. 29

    Feeling Real Rich .......................................................................................................................................................... 30

    The Subconscious ........................................................................................................................................................ 31

    The Continuity of the Aggregates – The Nature of Dependent Arising ............................................................... 31

    Existence and Non-Existence ......................................................................................................................................... 33

    Questions and Answers .................................................................................................................................................. 33

    Daily Practice ..................................................................................................................................................................... 35

    Commentary on Patrul Rinpoche’s Hitting the Essence in Three Words ................................................................. 37

    Introduction ....................................................................................................................................................................... 37

    Homage to the Master .................................................................................................................................................... 38

    Introducing Directly the Face of Rigpa Itself .............................................................................................................. 40

    Guided Meditation ...................................................................................................................................................... 42

    Questions and Answers ............................................................................................................................................. 43

    Deciding upon one thing, and one thing only ........................................................................................................... 44

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    Questions and Answers ............................................................................................................................................. 50

    Confidence directly in the liberation of rising thoughts ......................................................................................... 51

    Dzogchen and Madhyamika ..................................................................................................................................... 52

    Checking out the Guru ............................................................................................................................................... 52

    Ngöndro Practice ......................................................................................................................................................... 53

    The Three Modes of Liberation ................................................................................................................................ 54

    Gaining Certainty of the View .................................................................................................................................. 55

    Question and Answer on Rigpa and Buddha-nature .......................................................................................... 57

    Epilogue .............................................................................................................................................................................. 60

    Guru Yoga ......................................................................................................