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    Playing it by the rules: Local bans on the public use of soft drugs and the production of shared spaces of everyday life

    Chevalier, D.A.M.

    Link to publication

    Citation for published version (APA): Chevalier, D. A. M. (2015). Playing it by the rules: Local bans on the public use of soft drugs and the production of shared spaces of everyday life.

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    Download date: 26 Feb 2021

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  • Playing It by the Rules

    Danielle A.M. Chevalier

    Local Bans on the Public Use of Soft Drugs and the Production of Shared Spaces of Everyday Life

    D anielle A

    .M . C

    hevalier Playing It by the Rules

    Uitnodiging voor het bijwonen van de openbare verdediging van

    mijn proefschrift

    Playing It by the Rules

    Local Bans on the Public Use of Soft Drugs

    and the Production of Shared Spaces of Everyday Life

    op vrijdag 26 juni 2015, te 10.00 uur

    in de Agnietenkapel aan de Oudezijds Voorburgwal 229-231

    te Amsterdam

    Danielle Chevalier

    Playing It by the Rules Local Bans on the Public Use of Soft Drugs and the Production of Shared Spaces of Everyday Life

    In a nutshell, this book is about for- ma li zed social control in public space; it examines the different ways shared public spaces of everyday life are used and perceived, focusing on the manner in which the urge to control such space is operationalized, and how in turn for- malized control effects the way space is produced and used. It does so triggered by the investigation of an archetypical Dutch phenomenon: local bans on the public use of soft drugs.

    Danielle A.M. Chevalier

    Danielle Chevalier (1973) studied Law and Cultural Anthropology at Utrecht University. After graduation, she gained a broad expertise in several positions at the national government. Danielle continued her career as a consultant specialized in social issues and then returned to university to pursue a PhD. She conducted her current research at the Bonger Institute for Criminology and the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research, both linked to the University of Amsterdam.

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    Playing It

    by the Rules Local Bans on the Public Use of Soft Drugs and the

    Production of Shared Spaces of Everyday Life

    Danielle A.M. Chevalier

  • 207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier

    Title in Dutch: Het volgens de regels spelen. Lokale verboden op het publiek gebruik

    van soft drugs en de productie van gedeelde ruimten voor alledaags gebruik.

    This research was jointly initiated and financially supported by the Faculty of Social

    and Behavioural Sciences and the Faculty of Law, University of Amsterdam.

    Copyright © 2015 Danielle Chevalier

    All rights reserved. This book or parts thereof may not be reproduced in any form

    without the prior written permission of the author.

    Cover design: KAZEZE Design, www.kazeze.nl

    Printing: Ipskamp Drukkers, Enschede

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    Playing It

    by the Rules Local Bans on the Public Use of Soft Drugs and the

    Production of Shared Spaces of Everyday Life

    ACADEMISCH PROEFSCHRIFT

    ter verkrijging van de graad van doctor

    aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam

    op gezag van de Rector Magnificus

    prof. dr. D.C. van den Boom

    ten overstaan van een door het college voor promoties ingestelde

    commissie, in het openbaar te verdedigen in de Agnietenkapel

    op vrijdag 26 juni 2015, te 10.00 uur

    door

    Danielle Antoinette Marguerite Chevalier

    geboren te Delft

  • 207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier

    Promotiecommissie:

    Promotores: Prof. dr. D.J. Korf

    Prof. dr. J.C. Rath

    Overige leden: Prof. dr. mr. T. Blom

    Prof. dr. J.P.L. Burgers

    Prof. dr. W.G.J. Duyvendak

    Prof. dr. mr. A.J.C. de Moor-van Vught

    Prof. dr. S. Watson

    Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen

  • 207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier

  • 207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier

    Contents 1. Introduction 9

    The Appearance of a Peculiar Phenomenon 11

    Init ial Empirical Research Questions 14

    Theoretical Continuation 17

    Plan of the Book 20

    2. Local Bans on the Use of Soft Drugs in Public Space 23

    Dutch Drug Policy 24 The National Survey 31

    Juridical Issues 39

    3. Methodology 47 Research Strategy and Case Study Selection 48

    Data Collection 51

    Data Analysis 56

    Research Validity 58

    4. Introducing the Case Studies 65 The Neighborhood Playground 68

    The Local Shopping Square 82

    The Vil lage Green 95

    The Cases Compared 105

    5. The Spatial Angle 109 Shared Spaces of Everyday Life 111

    The Production of Space 122

    The Dynamics of Space 129

    In Conclusion 136

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    6. From a Juridical Perspective 139 The Relationship between Law and Society 140

    The Concept Juridification 147

    The Dynamics of Juridification 157

    In Conclusion 162

    7. The Working of the Bans 165 The Legal Working of the Bans 168

    The Social Working of the Bans 180

    The Symbolic Working of the Bans 187

    In Conclusion 193

    8. In Conclusion: Playing It by the Rules 197 A Peculiar Phenomenon 198

    The Legal and the Spatial 205

    Playing It by the Rules 212

    Epilogue 215

    References 217

    Summary 227 Samenvatting 231

    Acknowledgements 245

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  • 207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier207758-L-bw-Chevalier

    1. Introduction

    1.1 The Appearance of a Peculiar Phenomenon

    1.2 Initial Empirical Research Questions

    1.3 Theoretical Continuation

    1.4 Plan of the Book

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    1. Introduction

    ‘Police reports clearly indicate that for some years now the district has been experiencing nuisance from groups of youths smoking joints. Broadly speaking, the nuisance consists of loitering and urinating in doorways, obstructing the access to residences, plastering doors, spitting and scoffing at residents and passersby, littering, yelling, etc. The adolescents threaten residents who request them to leave, vandalize property, provoke fights, and also brawl amongst themselves. From the area concerned, due complaints have been received from residents and entrepreneurs, by telephone and written communication, and via a signed petition. Adding to the issues is that in De Baarsjes1 several coffeeshops2 are located in each other’s vicinity, which draw in youths from the Westelijke Tuinsteden,3 where few cof- feeshops can be found. Amongst these youths are many minors, who hang about the cof- feeshops and buy soft drugs4 off others old enough to buy in the coffeeshops.’5

    In 2006 a ban on using soft drugs was installed on Mercatorplein, a square in the De Baarsjes district in Amsterdam.6 The citation above was taken from the municipal document presenting the arguments to install this ban on that particular square. It was not the first ban of its kind, but it did receive extensive national and interna- tional media coverage. In part the media attention was enhanced by the evocative municipal sign that was designed to announce the ban. The sign is round with a large red banner and depicts a joint held between two fingertips. The joint is alight and in the smoke coming from the burning tip little hemp plants