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    Performing the community : representation, ritual and reciprocity in the Totonac Highlands ofMexico

    Govers, C.J.H.

    Link to publication

    Citation for published version (APA):Govers, C. J. H. (2006). Performing the community : representation, ritual and reciprocity in the TotonacHighlands of Mexico. Berlin: Lit.

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    Download date: 28 Apr 2020

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  • ANNEX 5

    MEDICINAL PLANTS

    Local name: Spanish /Totonac

    Aguacate (Hojas de) / kukuta

    Ahuah

    (axiote)

    Ajenjibre / Kaxtalampin

    Ajenjo / jenjo*

    Ajo*

    Anis

    Arnica/ maklhtgkun

    Canela*

    Chaca / tusün

    Botanic10 and English name

    Persea americana Mill., Lauraceae

    Avocade (leaves)

    Bixa orellana L, Bixaceae

    Annatto, lipsticktree

    Zingiber officinale Roscoe,

    Zingiberaceae

    Ginger

    Artemisia absinthium L,

    Compositeae

    Absinthium

    Allium sativum L, Lilliaceae

    Garlic

    Tagetes micrantha Cav.,

    Asteraceae

    Licorice marigold

    Heterotheca inuloides Cass.,

    Compositae

    Arnica

    Cinnamomum zeylanicum Hees, Lauraceae

    Cinnamon

    Bursera simaruba (L.) Sarg.,

    Burseraceae

    Gumbo limbo tree

    Application in self-medication,

    usually as tea11

    Susto (water, earth, aire): oral and

    external: in refino: avocado

    leaves, clove, estafiate, garlic,

    matanzi, nutmeg, pepper, tobacco;

    Stomach pain (also with

    manzanilla); Hard delivery: with

    chocolate, cinnamon, sugar, silver

    coin;. Mai aire: new leaves,

    mohuite and salt in refino to rub

    child.

    Seeds: tea against measles.

    Dysentery: root tea; Toothache:

    concentrated tincture (boiling root tea).

    Coraje (anger, sadness) with loss

    of appetite; Strong susto.

    See aguacate.

    Gas in stomach; Uncomfortable

    delivery: rub belly with mescal

    (magey), oil, (Anis de campo)

    sherry and honey in refino.

    Inflamed pimples and bites;

    Inflamed stomach. With chaca

    and manzanilla to bath

    undeveloped pimples.

    Coughing: with flower of

    bougainvillea, espinosilla, violet;

    See aguacate.

    See arnica.

    10 I am greatly indebted to Miguel Angel Martinez Alfaro for identifying the plants. See also Martinez Alfaro et at 1995.

    11 Plant leaves are used to make tea as an oral medicine, unless otherwise indicated. Diseases in Spanish are explained in chapter 5. Plants with * are all added to refino (rum) for a medicine against susto (oral and external use), used by healers. The recipe is secret.

  • ANNEXES 293

    Chichicastle/chiüx*

    Clavo de comer*

    Coralillo / lakgpin*

    Cordoncillo / kgantsaputuwan

    (Juniapa)

    Epazote / Lhkganni

    Escobilla / xkgatnalipalhna*

    (verbena)

    Espino / maklhtukun (chayote)

    Espinosilla/ nicaxanil*

    Estafiate / estapiake *

    Flor de muerto / kgalhpuxam

    Floripundio / kalapux

    Guayaba / asiwit

    Hierbabuena / Ihpupuwina

    Hierba del aire /

    paxtokgnatuwan*

    Hierba del cancer / tujuma tuwan

    Hoja duke / sakgsin tuwan

    Hoja santa / pulhuku

    Urtica chamaedryoides Pursh,

    Urticacea

    Heartleaf nettle

    Eugenia caryophyllus, Myrtaceae

    Clove

    Rivina humilis L, Pytholaccaceae

    Bloodberry, rouge plant

    Piper Auritum H.B.K., Piperaceae

    Veracruz pepper

    Chenopodium ambrosioides L.,

    Chenopodiaceae

    Mexican tea, wormseed

    Verbena litoralis HBK,

    Verbenaceae

    Vervain

    Sechium edule Sw., Cucurbitaceae

    Chayote

    Loeselia mexicana (Lam.) Brand.,

    Polemoniaceae

    Mexican false calico

    Artemisia ludoviciana Nutt. subsp.

    Mexicana (Willd) Keck, Asteraceae

    Wormwood, sagebrush

    Tagetes erecta L, Compositae

    African or Aztec Mangold

    Brugmansia x Candida Pers.,

    Solanaceae

    Angel's trumpet

    Psidium guajava L, Myrtaceae

    Guava

    Mentha arvensis L, Labiatea

    Wild mint

    Crusea diversifolia HBK Anderson,

    Rubiaceae

    Mountain saucerflower

    Acalypha arvensis Poepp.,

    Euphorbiaceae

    Acalypha

    Lippia dulcis Trev., Verbanaceae

    Mexican lippia

    Eupatorium morifolium Mill.,

    Asteraceae

    Greenstick

    Headache; Stomach pain;

    Purifying blood; Fever with

    measles (also external).

    See aguacate.

    Foggy eyes; Blood; Kidney;

    Stomach problems.

    External: to clean pimples,

    infections, swellings; Oral: after a

    blow (on the head)

    To menstruate; Stomach pain.

    Steambath against susfo.

    Kidney stones.

    High fever: oral and external (in

    refino), latter also for chest pain.

    See canela.

    Constipation; External: susto

    (water, earth), with garlic,

    tobacco, matanzi. See aguacate.

    External: cleaning pimples and

    wounds; With mano de lechusa,

    tabaco and oil to rub weak

    children.

    Epilepsy (small quantity); Mai de

    ojo: with hojas santa, rose flower,

    carbonate, oil, raw egg white (of

    egg used for rubbing): 12 hrs on

    stomach and back of child.

    Dysentery; Pimples in mouth; Hair

    loss.

    Stomach pain of baby; Very hot

    with sugar or honey to lower

    fever.

    External: cleaning pimples and

    wounds; oral: stomach pain.

    To menstruate or when it is

    painful; Abortion.

    Asthma; See floripundio.

  • 294 ANNEXES

    Laurel/unantuwan*

    Lima de castilla / tsikit lima

    Madura de zapote /

    akglhtantulunks Mano de grillo / xmakan silakni*

    Mano de lechuza / akgachulhnut*

    Probably: hierba de lechuza

    Manzanilla

    Matanzi / Pikuatuwan*

    Mejorana*

    Mirto*

    Moradilla / akgasmalh xatzutzokg

    Mozote de caballo / xtiyu kawayü

    Muite / tsis

    Nuez moscada

    Oregano*

    Palma / Iflhtamp

    Perejil*

    Litsea glaucescens HBK,

    Lauraceae

    Laurel

    Citrus aurantifolia (Chr) Swingle,

    Rutaceae

    Lime

    Hamelia patens Jacq., Rubiaceae

    Scarlet bush, firebush

    Iresine herbstii Hook,

    Amaranthaceae

    Bloodleaf, beefsteak plant,

    chicken gizzard

    Kalanchu pinnata (Lam) Pers.,

    Crassulaceae

    (probably) Cathedral bells

    Matricaria recutita L, Asteraceae

    Camomille

    Satureja brownei (Swartz) Briq.,

    Lamiaceae

    Savory

    Origanum majorana L (sp.),

    Lamiaceae

    Marjoram, sweet marjoram

    Salvia microphylla HBK,

    Lamiaceae

    Baby sage

    Zebrina pendula, Commelinaceae

    Wandering jew

    Bidens pilosa L, Compositeae

    Hairy beggarticks

    Justicia spicigera (Schlecht),

    Acanthaceae

    Mexican honeysucle, firecracker

    bush

    Nutmeg

    Origanum vulgare L, Lamiaceae

    Oregano, wild marjoram

    Chamaedorea oblongata Mart.,

    Palmae

    Palm

    Petroselinum crispum (Mill)

    Nyman ex A.,

    Apiaceae

    Parsley

    Headache; External: purple fingers

    and mouth of screaming child.

    Skin to treat sour throat.

    External: cleaning wounds and

    pimples.

    Headache; To urinate; See mano

    de lechuza.

    Root tea: failing to urinate (with

    mano de grillo); See flor de

    muerto.

    Coraje or strong feelings; Nerves;

    External: swollen face caused by

    tooth infection: fry in oil and lay

    on heated sauco leave; See

    aguacate and arnica.

    See aguacate and estafiate.

    Stomach pain; Mai aire, external,

    in refino.

    Indigestion and empacho;

    Stomach pain; Abortion;

    External: headache, in vinegar on

    forehead.

    To stop bleeding (nose); To

    urinate; Painful urinating.

    Kidneys; Bathing inflamed feet.

    To menstruate; Diabetics; See

    aguacate; Susto children: to bath;

    See aguacate.

    Empacho; Coughing; Diarrhoea:

    tea with carbonate and drop of

    oil.

    Painful and hoarse throat: with

    tulipan and bougainvillea

    Toothache: rinse, with salt;

    Abscess in mouth: rinse, with

    carbonate.

  • ANNEXES 295

    Pimipnta / ukum*

    Piocha

    Romero

    Rosa de castilla / laktzu rosa

    Ruda

    Salvia / chujut*

    Saüco/tokgxiwa*

    Siempreviva

    Tabaco / axkut

    Toronjil*

    Tulipan / reglete

    Violeta

    Yolispa / lixpa*

    Unidentified plants™

    Hierba de venado / jukituwan

    Hierba plata / kankatatuwan

    - / tapakghtawila

    Pimenta dioica L. Merrill,

    Myrtaceae

    Allspice

    Melia Azedarach L, Meliaceae

    Chinaberrytree

    Rosmarinos officinalis L,

    Lamiaceae

    Rosemary

    Rosa centifolia L; Rosa Galica L;

    Rosa Chinensis Jacq., Rosaceae

    Cabbage rose; French rose;

    Chinese rose

    Ruta chalepensis L, Rutaceae

    Fringed rue

    Scutellaria sp., Lamiaceae

    Skullcap

    Sambucus mexicana Presl.,

    Caprifoliaceae

    Blue elder, Mexican elder

    Sedum dendroideum DC,

    Crassulaceae

    Sedum

    Nicotiana tabacum I., Solanaceae

    Cultivated tobacco

    Agastache mexicana (Kunth) Lint

    et Epiing,

    Lamiaceae

    Mexican giant hyssop

    Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L,

    Malvaceae

    Hibiscus

    Viola odorata L, Violaceae

    Sweet violet

    Cuphea sp., Lythraceae

    Waxweed

    See aguacate and estafiate.

    Stomach pain: with toronjil and

    saüco; Same tea and as external:

    aching after heavy load: 3 days on

    back and stomach, before

    almuerzo.

    Dysentery; Hair loss; Stomach

    pain.

    Diarrhoea: dried flowers;

    Constipation: fresh flowers;

    Inflamed eyes: squeeze flowers

    directly in eyes; See hoy'as santa;

    See palma.

    Mai de ojo: branch in pillow-case;

    See piocha.

    *

    To sleep: branch in pillow-case;

    Mai de ojo: branch on scissors on

    top of cup, next to head child; See niocha.

    Red or inflamed eyes: squeeze

    directly in eyes; Pimple in mouth:

    chew raw.

    Snake bite: in refino (to vomit);

    See florde muerto; External:

    pimples, swelling, rash, itching:

    toasted and pulverized in refino.

    Coughing: tea or with refino;

    Excessive menstruation; Severe

    stomach pain; Strong feelings;

    Nerves; See piocha.

    Coughing: with cinnamon and

    raisins; See palma.

    Pimples in mouth; See canela and

    espinosilla.

    Diarrhoea; External: Cramps: in

    refino to rub.

    WSKtÊKÊÊÊÊÊÊÊÊHtÊM -

    --

    Saccar piedras (scorcery); To

    menstruate.

    Espanto de hombres.

    Abortion.

    12 Details on these plants are kept secret.