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U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

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Page 1: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

U.S. Natural Disasters

• Floods• Earthquakes• Fires• Hurricanes• Tornadoes• Volcanoes• Tsunamis• Landslides and Debris Flow

• Extreme Heat and Cold

Page 2: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Floods

• Most common disaster in the U.S.• Includes flash floods, overland

flooding, broken dams and levees

WCN 24/7

Page 3: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Flooding Terms

Flood Watch – possibleFlash Flood WatchFlood Warning – is occurring or will

occurFlash Flood Warning

FEMA/Michael Rieger

Page 4: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Earthquakes

One of the most frightening and destructive disasters

Expect deaths, injuries and property damage

Robert A. Eplett/CAL EMA

Page 5: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

If You’re in an Earthquake

Indoors – duck, drop and take coverOutdoors – go to open areaDriving – stop where safe and stay in carMountains – be alert for falling rocks

Martin Luff

Page 6: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Earthquake Terms

FaultAftershockEpicenterSeismic WavesMagnitude

taigasylvan

Page 7: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Fires

Residential – 5th leading cause of unintentional death

Wildland – 4 of 5 started by people Dflowers2

Page 8: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Wildfires

Select building materials & plants that resist fire

If trapped, crouch in pond, river or pool Jenn Calder

You cannot outrun a fire

Page 9: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Hurricanes & Tropical Storms

• Hurricanes are cyclones with tropical origins & winds 74+ mph

• Flooding is major hazard• Category scale:

1 = damage to unanchored homes, vegetation, signs

5 = catastrophic damage to most buildings and flooding

Phil

Page 10: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Hurricane Preparedness

Secure property (storm shutters, straps and clips)

Trim treesTighten and unclog rain

guttersBring in loose itemsPrepare a safe roomListen to radioPlan for animals

Scott Baldwin

Page 11: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Tornadoes

Often little or no warningWatch – tornadoes are

possibleWarning – tornado

sighted or indicated by radar

Frank

Page 12: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Take Shelter from a Tornado

In building: go to lowest level away from windows

In vehicle or mobile home: go to nearest sturdy building

Outside: lie flat in depressed area and cover head

FEMA/Mark Wolfe

Page 13: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Volcanoes

Lava, poisonous gases, flying rock and ash

May have earthquakes, landslides and flash floods

Mainly in Pacific Northwest, Hawaii and Alaska

Kahunapule Michael Johnson

Page 14: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Take Caution with Volcanoes

Evacuate if instructed

If in ash fall, wear dust mask, goggles, long-sleeve shirt, long pants

Protect animals and equipment

Walter Lim

Page 15: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Tsunamis

Large ocean waves caused by underwater earthquake or major landslide

Can cause great loss of life and property damage when comes ashore

Essam

Page 16: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Tsunami Protection

When near the coast, move to higher ground if:See water recede

from shorelineFeel earth shakingHear warning sirens

U.S. Geological Survey

Page 17: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Extreme Cold & Winter Storms

Watch for frostbite and hypothermia

Have winter supplies in home disaster kit

Jason Persse

Page 18: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Extreme Cold & Winter Storms

Winterize your vehicleKeep gas tank fullAdd to your car

disaster kitIf stranded:

Stay in your carDisplay a trouble signClear exhaust pipe of

snowRun engine occasionally

Steve Loya

Page 19: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Heat Wave

Dress appropriatelyStay indoorsRefrain from

strenuous work or exercise during the hottest part of day

Stay hydratedMichael B.

Page 20: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Man-made Disasters

Hazardous materials incidents

Nuclear/radiological incidents

Biological incidentsTerrorism

Presidio of Monterey, CA

Page 21: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Man-made Disasters: What to Do

Go inside quickly. Bring pets inside.Shut and lock doors and windows.Turn off fans.Tape plastic over windows in shelter

room.Keep radio and phone at hand.Avoid outside contamination until

safe again.

Page 22: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Pandemic

Pandemic: an epidemic over a wide geographical area

Historically – Spanish flu, smallpoxRecently – HIV and H1N1 influenza

David Woo

Page 23: U.S. Natural Disasters Floods Earthquakes Fires Hurricanes Tornadoes Volcanoes Tsunamis Landslides and Debris Flow Extreme Heat and Cold

Reduce Flu Chances

Get vaccinatedStop germs

Cough in your arm, not your hand, or in a tissue

Wash hands often with soap and water

Take antiviral drugs if prescribed

Yoshiyasu Nishikawa