US History Progressive Movement

  • Published on
    08-Oct-2015

  • View
    5

  • Download
    0

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

US History PPT xD

Transcript

  • The Progressives Confront Industrial CapitalismThe American People, 6th ed.

  • I. Who were the Progressives?Progressives focused on the problems that industrial and urban growth were creating in the early 20th CenturyProgressivism was the first modern reform movement; encompassed such diverse fields as environmentalism and birth control

  • They included MuckrakersA new kind of journalist: They were interested revealing injustice and corruption in AmericaTargeted specific governments and businesses such as the meat-packing industry

  • Example: Upton Sinclairs The JungleTR couldnt eat meat for a week after reading Sinclairs book!

  • They included social reformersEstablished child-labor legislation Targeted length of workday for women, supported birth controlEndorsed better housing and education in overcrowded citiesCrusaded against saloons, brothels and movie houses

  • Reformers fought for womens suf-frage (The brown states were the last to give women the vote)

  • Some reformers fought for the prohibition of alcoholby 1919, only the salmon-colored states did not have statewide prohibition

  • II. Reform in the Cities and States

  • Problems in the citiesThe continued growth of the cities in America caused a wide range of social problems The inclusion of large populations of immigrants was the important difference between American and European cities

  • Municipal (city) ReformMunicipal reform was chiefly concerned with making the operation and administration of the city as efficient as possible through innovative adaptations of business management techniques to government

  • Reform in the StatesThe American federalist system of government gave reformers a chance to clean up state governments, as wellMost reform came in the form of laws increasing democracy, individual freedoms, social justice, and efficiency of government

  • State reforms included:Initiative: Allowed voters to introduce billsReferendum: Allowed voters to vote on proposed lawsRecall: Allowed voters to fire elected government officials

  • III. Theodore Roosevelt and the Square Deal

  • TrustsForemost on Roosevelts hit list was an attempt to control the actions of large industrial corporations that were constantly consolidating, growing bigger and more powerful

  • TR directed the Justice Department to prosecute some of the largest corporations in the country under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act

  • Among the Square Deal laws youll learn about:Meat Inspection ActPure Food and Drug ActElkins and Hepburn Acts (regulation of railroads)

  • ConservationRoosevelt tripled the land set aside for national forests, bringing the total to more than 150 million acresWorked to increase public awareness of the limited amount of resources in America

  • National Parks created by TR

  • IV. Woodrow Wilson and the New Freedom

  • Wilsonian ReformRecommended reducing the national tariff to eliminate favoritism and restoring competition in industryA compromise bill to retool the banking system resulted in a modest income tax and the creation of the Federal Reserve System

  • Wilson and TrustsWilson submitted the Clayton Act to Congress in 1914 and endorsed the Federal trade Commission embedded with enough power to stop companies guilty of restricting competition

  • Summary:The Progressives were the founders of modern liberalism: They didnt oppose capitalism, but they did believe that business should be regulated for the good of the people and they believed in honest government responsive to American voters

Recommended

View more >