U.S. Department of Energy Fuel Cycle Technologies R&D Outlook France ¢â‚¬¢ Currently defining bilateral

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  • John Herczeg Deputy Assistant Secretary for Fuel Cycle Technologies

    Office of Nuclear Energy

    U.S. Department of Energy

    Fuel Cycle Technologies R&D Outlook

    Global 2015 French Section American Nuclear Society

    September 23, 2015

  • 2

    Focus Areas of DOE Fuel Cycle Technologies

    Enrichment & Fuel


    Reactors Recycle Interim Storage

    Final Disposal

    Advanced Reactors

    Light Water Reactors

    Other Advanced Techniques

    Conventional Mining Conventional LWR

    Fuel Fabrication

    LLW Disposal Advanced Reactor Fuel

    Geologic Repository

    Interim Storage Seawater Extraction LWR Fuel with

    Improved Accident Tolerance

    Advanced Reactor Recycle

    Product Waste Forms

    LWR Recycle

    Uranium Supply

    SFANS September 23, 2015

    Safeguards and Security by Design

  • 3

    Fuel Cycle Research & Development Program



     Conduct R&D on advanced sustainable fuel cycle technologies that have the potential to improve resource utilization and energy generation, reduce waste generation, enhance safety, and limit proliferation risk;

     Conduct generic research and development and generic non-R&D activities related to used nuclear fuel, nuclear waste management and disposal issues;

     Lay the ground work and planning for the implementation of the Administration’s strategy on the management of used nuclear fuel and high-level waste.

    The program employs a long-term, science-based approach to foster innovative, transformational technology solutions to achieve this mission. Advancements in fuel cycle technologies and solutions support the enhanced availability, affordability, safety, and security of nuclear-generated electricity in the U.S.

    September 23, 2015 SFANS

  • 4

    Fuel Cycle Research & Development FY 2016 Budget Request


    (dollars in thousands)

    FY 2015 Enacted

    FY 2016

    Request House Mark Senate Mark

    Material Recovery & Waste Form Development 35,300 35,300 35,300 34,800

    Advanced Fuels 60,100 48,700 60,100 60,100

    Systems Analysis and Integration 16,900 11,200 11,200 11,100

    MPACT 7,600 8,600 8,600 8,500

    Fuel Resources 5,600 5,600 5,600 5,500

    Used Nuclear Fuel Disposition

    Research & Development 49,000 75,360 55,000 64,000

    Integrated Waste Mgmt. System 22,500 30,000 0 30,000

    DOE-Managed HLW & SNF -- 3,000 0 3,000

    Total 197,000 217,760 175,800 217,000

    September 23, 2015 SFANS

  • 5

    Partnerships Play and Important Role in Fuel Cycle R&D

    National Laboratories

    • INL – fuels*, material recovery and waste form development*, program assessment and coordination*, fuel cycle options*

    • ORNL – fuel resources*, fuels, material recovery and waste form development, fuel cycle options • SNL – used nuclear fuel R&D* • LANL – MPACT*, fuels • PNNL – material recovery and waste form development, fuels • ANL – material recovery and waste form development, fuel cycle options • Others – SRNL, BNL, LLNL, LBNL

    Industry • Advisory and Assistance Services, Task Order Contracts • Accident Tolerant Fuel Development • High Burnup Dry Storage Demonstration

    Universities • NEUP – Numerous

    International Partnerships • China, France, Japan, Russia (suspended), ROK, UK, Euratom, OECD/NEA, IAEA • NEA Nuclear Science Committee: Expert Group on Multi-scale Benchmark, Evaluation &Validation and

    Related “Nuclear Energy Knowledge and Validation Center" at INL

    Regulator • Inter-Agency Agreement with the Nuclear Regulatory Commission

    * Lead laboratories noted with asterisks. SFANS September 23, 2015

  • 6

    FY 2015 Nuclear Energy University Programs (NEUP)

    • ~$700,000 each for 18 program-supporting awards.

    – 8 MRWFD, 4 Advanced Fuels, 2 MPACT, 4 Fuel Resources.

    • ~$11,000,000 for 4 IRPs supporting the Advanced Fuels (2) and Used Nuclear Fuel Disposition R&D (2).

    – Computational and experimental benchmarking for transient fuel testing (Adv Fuels)

    – Development of ATF Options for near term applications (Adv Fuels) – Innovative approach to SCC inspection and evaluation of canister in dry

    storage (UNFD R&D) – Multimodal nondestructive dry cask basket structure and spent fuel

    evaluation (UNFD R&D)

     20 percent of R&D funding is invested in NEUP: Infrastructure, R&D, Integrated Research Projects (IRPs).

     In FY 2015, FCR&D funded 18 R&D awards and 4 IRPs.

    Members actively engaged in training/mentoring of undergraduate students from different U.S. DOE programs.

    September 23, 2015 SFANS

  • 7

    Material Recovery and Waste Form Development (MRWFD)


     MRWFD’s mission is to develop advanced material recovery as well as advanced waste form development technologies that improve current fuel cycle performance and enable a sustainable fuel cycle, with minimal processing, waste generation, and potential for material diversion.

     Off-Gas Capture and Immobilization

     Management of process off-gasses (I- 129, H-3, Kr-85, and C-14) to meet U.S. regulatory constraints

     Waste Management

     Waste forms and processes need to be developed as an integral part of material recovery technology development. As advanced recycling processes are developed, unique waste streams arise that must be managed in a safe, environmentally responsible and cost effective way.

    STAAR Sigma Team for Advanced

    Actinides Recycling

    Off-gas Management

    FR Fuel Separations

    Waste Forms & Processes

    Present Future

    Fundamental Understanding

    Cost Effective and Appropriate

    for Industry Deployment

    Material Recovery

    Open/Closed Fuel Cycles


    National Security

    September 23, 2015

  • 8

    Release of Evaluation and Screening Final Report

     The Evaluation and Screening (E&S) study report was released by the DOE-NE Fuel Cycle Options Campaign in October 2014

    • E&S report provides information about the potential benefits and challenges of nuclear fuel cycle options

    • Provides useful information to strengthen the basis of DOE-NE R&D programs

     Report is comprised of the Main Report and Appendices A-H that provide more details on approach, results, and participants


    September 23, 2015 SFANS

  • 9

    Advanced Fuels

    September 23, 2015 SFANS

  • 10 2012

    Feasibility studies on advanced fuel and clad concepts -- bench-scale fabrication -- irradiation tests -- steam reactions -- mechanical properties -- furnace tests -- modeling


    2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021

    Assessment of new concepts -- impact on economics -- impact on fuel cycle -- impact on operations -- impact on safety envelope -- environmental impact

    Fuel Selection/Prioritization

    Steady State Tests

    Transient Irradiation Tests

    LOCA/Furnace Tests

    Fuel Performance Code

    Fuel Safety Basis

    LTA/LTR Ready

    Phase 1 Feasibility

    Phase 2 Development/Qualification

    Phase 3 Commercialization


    RD&D Strategy For Enhanced Accident Tolerant Fuels – 10 Year Goal

    Industry led projects (Phase 1a) Industry led projects (Phase 1b)

    Industry led project(s) (Phase 2)

    September 23, 2015 SFANS

  • Increased Interest Globally in Accident Tolerant Fuels

    France • Currently defining bilateral activities with specific agreement to support international activities related to ATF, with joint development of attributes and metrics and coordination of facilities.

    • CEA pursues ATF R&D through a tri-party agreement with AREVA and EDF.

    Japan • Definition of attributes and metrics • Coordination of technology research and development

    • Coordination of facilities used for R&D

    China • Attributes and metrics • Information exchange on R&D facilities

    Russian Federation (currently on hold) • Advanced LWR fuels and ATF • Exchange of attributes and metrics

    Others • OECD/NEA Expert Group • IAEA Expert Group

    European Union • 2 New INERI projects • Horizon 2020

    UK • Bilateral activities currently under discussion

    (active partners in ATF FOAs and IRPs)

    8 September 23, 2015 SFANS

  • 12

    DOE’s Spent Fuel and High-Level Waste Management

    2012 – Blue Ribbon Commission on America’s Nuclear Future  Chartered to recommend a new strategy for managing the back

    end of the nuclear fuel cycle 2013 – Administration’s Strategy for the Management and Disposal of Used N