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<ul><li><p>CHINESE MUSIC. 13</p><p>OF THE PITCH.</p><p>What was the real pitch of the Hrst hioany-chung tube ?</p><p>The size, capacity, and material of the tubes have so often been changed during the</p><p>successive dynasties that it has become almost impossible to form any acceptable conclusion</p><p>on this subject.</p><p>Pere Amiot, who died more than a century ago, gives F as the equivalent of liuany-</p><p>clni.vy; but he says himself in his works that he adopted this key because the strains of his</p><p>harmonium impressed his Chinese hearers much more when he was playing in the key of F</p><p>than when he played in any other key.</p><p>The present pitch approaches our D (60 1 J vibratioiis per second) as nearly as possible.</p><p>The principal fixed instruments, as the yiln-lo, the shmcj, the flute, all give the D as tonic.</p><p>But, with the view of pointing out in the clearest manner the similarity or contrast of Chinese</p><p>music to our Western music, I have thought it convenient to give our C as tlie equivalent</p><p>of hvxmg-chung, and to liave oiu- natural scale of C in apposition to the Chinese natural scale.</p></li></ul>