TRADITIONS, CRAFTS AND ETHNOGRAPHY - Bulgaria Destination Bulgariaâ€‌ ... begins in the days of Easter

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  • ЗАНАЯТИ

    www.bulgariatravel.org

    LAZARUVANE (ST. LAZAR’S DAY SONGS AND DANCES)

    TRADITIONS, CRAFTS AND ETHNOGRAPHY

    multimedia

    Grant Scheme BG161PO001/3.3-01/2008 “Support for Effective National Marketing of Tourist Product and Improvement of Information Service”, Contract No BG161PO001/3.3-01/2008 /001-5 “Multimedia Catalogue of the Tourist Sites and Electronic Marketing of

    Destination Bulgaria”

    This multimedia brochure is created within the framework of the project “Multimedia Catalogue of the Tourist Sites and Electronic Marketing of Destination Bulgaria”, Contract No BG161PO001/3.3-01/2008/001-5, which is performed with the financial support of Operative Program “Regional Development” 2007 – 2013,

    co-financed by the European Union through the European Regional Development Fund. The entire responsibility for the contents of this multimedia brochure is brought by the beneficiary – The Ministry of Economy, Energy and Tourism, and under no circumstances it can be considered that this multimedia brochure presents

    the official position of the European Union and the Managing Body.

    Operative Program “Regional Development 2007-2013 www.bgregio.eu

    We invest in your future!

    The project is financed by the European Regional Development Fund and the state budget of Republic of Bulgaria

    http://www.bgregio.eu

  • www.bulgariatravel.org

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    TRADITIONS, CRAFTS AND ETHNOGRAPHY LAZARUVANE

    L azaruvane is an old Bulgarian custom, which is performed to welcome spring. It is

    celebrated on the day of

    St. Lazarus - the Saturday

    eight days before Easter.

    Lazaruvane symbolizes the

    growth of the girl – how it

    gets older and transforms

    from a child into a young

    woman. It was considered

    that a girl, who has performed

    this ritual, is ready for

    marriage.

    Preparation for the festival

    begins in the days of Easter

    Lent when the dancers gather

    to remember old and learn

    new songs for the celebration.

    No songs or dances are

    allowed during Lent, and

    entertainment for young

    girls is limited, therefore

    these meetings are greeted

    with joy and fill the girls with

    tremulous expectations.

    The ritual is related to

    various rituals. It is only

    performed by girls, and in

    some areas of the country,

    there is a requirement for

    them to be over 16 years

    old.

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    On the day of the feast the girls cross the village in groups and sing their songs, dressed in

    beautiful national costumes or

    bride outfits, borrowed from a

    recently married bride. The girls

    adorn themselves with various

    ornaments - mostly jewelry,

    coins, flowers and feathers.

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    TRADITIONS, CRAFTS AND ETHNOGRAPHY LAZARUVANE

    There is a belief that every home,

    where the girls – Lazarki - have

    sung, will enjoy health and

    fertility during the next year.

    The girls meet on the morning of the

    day of St. Lazarus in the house of a

    girl which is chosen for their leader.

    From there, at noon, starts the

    journey of the group, which crosses

    the whole village and sings while

    visiting the houses in the village.

    For each family member the girls

    choose a special song from their

    repertoire, which corresponds to

    their age and position in the family

    and society. The grateful hosts give

    the girls small gifts, mostly eggs,

    money, flour.

    Meanwhile another group of

    singers crosses the fields and

    gardens and sings songs for

    fertility and good harvest.

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    TRADITIONS, CRAFTS AND ETHNOGRAPHY LAZARUVANE

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    The culmination of the feast is the so-called Lazar dance. All girls, who participated in the rituals

    during the day, gather and

    dance in front of the married

    women and the single men in

    the village.

    At this dance the men choose

    their future brides and the

    married women - their

    daughters-in-law.

    In essence the day of St. Lazar

    is a spring festival of the

    fertility and love. It is one of

    the brightest and long-awaited

    holidays in Bulgaria. In many

    villages the traditions are

    respected even nowadays, and

    on the day of Lazarus, by all

    rules of the ritual, the local girls

    sing songs about love, sunshine

    and flowers.

    Excellent reproductions

    of the ritual are annually

    conducted in AEC

    Etara museum and the

    architectural reserve

    Bozhentsi - with many

    songs, dances and other

    attractive rituals.

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    TRADITIONS, CRAFTS AND ETHNOGRAPHY LAZARUVANE

  • Grant Scheme BG161PO001/3.3-01/2008 “Support for Effective National Marketing of Tourist Product and Improvement of Information Service”, Contract No BG161PO001/3.3-01/2008 /001-5 “Multimedia Catalogue of the Tourist Sites and Electronic Marketing of

    Destination Bulgaria”

    This multimedia brochure is created within the framework of the project “Multimedia Catalogue of the Tourist Sites and Electronic Marketing of Destination Bulgaria”, Contract No BG161PO001/3.3-01/2008/001-5, which is performed with the financial support of Operative Program “Regional Development” 2007 – 2013,

    co-financed by the European Union through the European Regional Development Fund. The entire responsibility for the contents of this multimedia brochure is brought by the beneficiary – The Ministry of Economy, Energy and Tourism, and under no circumstances it can be considered that this multimedia brochure presents

    the official position of the European Union and the Managing Body.

    Operative Program “Regional Development 2007-2013 www.bgregio.eu

    We invest in your future!

    The project is financed by the European Regional Development Fund and the state budget of Republic of Bulgaria

    http://www.bgregio.eu