The White Paper on Arts and Culture ACTING DIRECTOR-GENERAL: ARTS AND CULTURE DATE: 17 March 2015.
<ul><li>Slide 1</li></ul><p>The White Paper on Arts and Culture ACTING DIRECTOR-GENERAL: ARTS AND CULTURE DATE: 17 March 2015 Slide 2 2 PRESENTATION OUTLINE 2 Background Scope Objectives Methodology Implementation Process and Timetable Slide 3 3 3 1 BACKGROUND ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE WHITE PAPER The purpose of the White Paper is to pronounce clearly governments policy regarding arts, culture and heritage in the Republic of South Africa. This White Paper sets out governments vision for the ACH sector and details the impact it would like to achieve by investing in particular outcomes and strategic objectives. It provides clear policy directives for promoting the arts, culture and heritage sector. The primary legislative mandate of the Department of Arts and Culture derives from the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, which states that, "Everyone has the right to freedom of expression which includes: freedom of press and other media; freedom to receive or impact information or ideas; freedom of artistic creativity ;and academic freedom and freedom of scientific research." Slide 4 4 BACKGROUND Cont As the overarching policy framework of the DAC, the White Paper on Arts and Culture ought to position the department and its implementing entities to fulfil its Constitutional mandate as public custodian of the arts, culture and heritage sector. Accordingly, the White Paper, as a guiding and unifying principle for DAC policies and programmes, should frame all interventions of the department and its entities in fulfilment of its mission to: - a)develop and promote arts and culture in South Africa and mainstream its role in social development. b)develop and promote the official languages of South Africa and enhance the linguistic diversity of the country. 1 Slide 5 5 BACKGROUND Cont c) improve economic and other development opportunities for South African arts and culture nationally and globally through mutually beneficial partnerships, thereby ensuring the sustainability of the sector. d) develop and monitor the implementation of policy, legislation and strategic direction for the identification, conservation and promotion of cultural heritage. e) guide, sustain and develop the archival, heraldic and information resources of the nation to empower citizens through full and open access to these resources. 1 Slide 6 6 BACKGROUND Cont The first White Paper on Arts, Culture and Heritage was released in 1996. The White Paper of 1996, arising out of a deep and far-reaching engagement with practitioners, educators, academics and administrators, was the first official policy on arts and culture since the establishment of the Ministry in 1994. It embodied the hopes and aspirations of the arts, culture and heritage sector in the immediate post-apartheid context by focusing broadly on three important challenges: to effect fundamental transformation in accordance with the democratic values enshrined in the new Constitution; to give substance to the rights of citizens to access, participate in and enjoy the arts and to preserve their heritage; and to facilitate optimum conditions in which these rights may be enjoyed and practiced. 1 Slide 7 7 BACKGROUND Cont This policy was premised on the belief that while arts, culture and heritage are valued in and of themselves, they have an important role to play in development, nation-building and sustaining democracy, and in enabling individuals to realise their full potential as responsible and creative citizens. The policy was wide-ranging, aimed at redressing the wrongs of the past, correcting historical imbalances, and broadening the range and scope of publicly funded heritage institutions. Its overarching ethos was governed by the need to address the countrys troubled history by using arts, culture and heritage to promote national reconciliation and healing. This was to be attained through, inter alia: transparent and catalytic mechanisms for distributing public funds; transformation of all arts and culture institutions and structures; redistribution, redress and access; human resource development: practitioners, administrators and educators; integration of arts and culture into all aspects of socio-economic development. 1 Slide 8 8 BACKGROUND Cont Consistent with the mandate and mission of the DAC, then, these policy interventions ought to have complied with the transformation imperatives of government articulated in Outcome 14 as social cohesion and nation-building. Thus, the DACs policies in particular the White Paper ought to be guided by these high-level priorities, which require all institutional entities, structures and programmes to measure their relevance by the extent to which they align with the departments Constitutional mandate and mission and make significant progress in dealing with challenges of the day. Much has changed in the period since the adoption of the White Paper in 1996, however. Despite some tangible and noteworthy achievements in overcoming the deep divisions wrought by apartheid and increasing the participation of previously disadvantaged groups in the arts, culture and heritage value chain, a combination of legacy, structural and economic issues have revealed policy shortcomings which now present potentially serious obstacles to progress. 1 Slide 9 9 BACKGROUND Cont This effectively meant that the White Paper of 1996 was no longer a true reflection of the long-range objectives of the National Development Plan (NDP) and the synergy required between policy and key strategic directions of the Department. Against this background, the DAC, led by former Minister of Arts and Culture, Paul Mashatile, appointed a Ministerial Task Team to undertake a process of revising the White Paper. The team was charged with identifying factors which impact negatively on the ACHs performance and making recommendations as to how these factors could be addressed. 1 Slide 10 10 BACKGROUND Cont In line with the Minister's instructions, the team released a draft White Paper on Arts and Culture in June 2013 for public comment. Recognising these shortcomings, the process of revising the White Paper following various consultative processes and meetings with stakeholders around a vision for the department sought to bring a sense of proportion to the developmental role of the DAC in advancing its goal of social cohesion. Among other things, the Revised White Paper noted the following weaknesses inherent in the White Paper of 1996: Overlaps and duplications across a proliferation of institutions and agencies involved in implementing the DACs mandate, and the need to eradicate areas of duplication and build synergies where appropriate. 1 Slide 11 11 BACKGROUND Cont Overlaps and duplications across a proliferation of institutions and agencies involved in implementing the DACs mandate, and the need to eradicate areas of duplication and build synergies where appropriate. Changes in the political and socio-economic context since 1996 that have necessitated preponderant changes in governments priorities towards greater interventions in the economy. The enactment of a wide range of legislation and introduction of policies and programmes as part of a broader agenda to radically transform the economy which impact on, and inform the role and work of cultural and creative industries. More recently, the New Growth path and National Development Plan have placed the DAC, as both a subject and object of change, at the centre of bold interventions towards a wider strategy of social cohesion, nation formation and radical economic transformation. 1 Slide 12 12 BACKGROUND Cont Given the policy lag of the White Paper of 1996, policy incoherence threatens to undermine economic interventions towards facilitating socio-economic development that is truly reflective of a transformed, democratic country. The separation of Science and Technology from Arts and Culture, in 2004, was an added variable that necessitated a revision of the White paper. In light of these shortcomings, the Revised White Paper focussed essentially on policies aimed at harnessing the Cultural and Creative Industries to the goal of economic growth and development as a precondition for social cohesion and nation-building. 1 Slide 13 13 BACKGROUND Cont Accordingly, the Revised Draft attempted to encapsulate Governments: * Strategic re-positioning of the role of the DAC in delivering ACH to all > within the context and ambit of a developmental state; and > in partnership with other role-players involved in and with the Cultural and Creative Industries. * Commitment to transforming the approach, institutional structures and processes for equitably delivery of ACH. 1 Slide 14 14 BACKGROUND Cont The document identified the following policy objectives: Clarify and agree on the roles and mandates of DAC in relation to its implementing agencies and councils; civil society, other non- governmental Cultural and Creative Industries institutions; and each sphere of government; Determine the inter-governmental and multi-sectoral mechanisms and processes that would support integrated and collaborative implementation while respecting the constitutional role of each sphere of government; and the independence of the various sectors of society; 1 Slide 15 15 BACKGROUND Cont Firmly and unambiguously make definitive policy statements that recognise, support and facilitate the role and contribution of the Cultural and Creative Industries to building social cohesion, national unity and pride; and as a key economic growth sector as listed in the countrys New Growth Path (NGP) and Industrial Action Policy Programme 2 (IPAP 2); Increase sustainable provision of financial resources directed at the implementation of visible outcomes-based and results oriented programmes and projects that can be monitored and evaluated for impact, reach and depth across the entire spectrum of South African society in general, and previously disadvantaged communities and individuals in particular; 1 Slide 16 16 BACKGROUND Cont up-skill; increase the professional and technical human resource capacity and abilities in direct Cultural and Creative Industries fields; develop the Cultural and Creative Industries capacity and skills to provide indispensable support functions; and propagate arts, culture and heritage as a viable, sustainable long-term career and business choice; re-introduce and support Cultural and Creative Industries studies into the curriculum of schools at primary and secondary levels; expand the tertiary levels of Cultural and Creative Industries study opportunities to include the direct and indirect or downstream career skills and knowledge; 1 Slide 17 17 BACKGROUND Cont clarify, standardise and, if necessary, develop definitions and meanings of Cultural and Creative Industries terminology; and transform the demographic, ownership, management and operational profile of the Cultural and Creative Industries operating at all levels of the ACH value chain of activities. 1 Slide 18 18 BACKGROUND Cont However, a number of weaknesses (discussed below) in the approach of the revised draft to the vision, mission and objectives of the DAC appear to have, at least notionally, focused on the socio-economic goals set out in the NDP and elaborated by the African National Congress (ANC) at its National Conference in 2012 as a programme of radical economic transformation. This proposal briefly reflects on those weaknesses against the policy goals and objectives of the DAC as a basis for crystallising ideas for most effectively reviewing the White Paper. The intended outcome is a more cohesive document that harmonises with the nuances and complexities of transformation in the arts, culture and heritage sector. 1 Slide 19 19 BACKGROUND Cont 1.2 Structure of this Report This report describes the background to and rationale for a review of the White Paper on Arts and Culture, the objectives/aims of the review, the strategic approach of the review, the review methodology, and the implementation process and timeline. The report is structured as follows: > Objectives and strategic approach to the review Following the introduction, this part of the report contains the scope and objectives of the review. This is followed by an outline of the strategic approach and methodology to be deployed for the review. > Process and implementation plan This section highlights the consultative and legislative process, inclusive of implementation timelines, pursuant to its final adoption by Parliament. 1 Slide 20 20 2 WEAKNESSES INHERENT IN THE DRAFT REVISED WHITE PAPER In June 2013, the DAC invited public comment until 25 July 2013. However, some stakeholders expressed misgivings about the process, timeline and extent to which the Draft White Paper represented a strategically coherent policy. Despite general agreement on the need to assess which strategies have been effective and what lessons may be learnt from those initiatives that have flourished and those that have floundered, as well as the need to streamline institutional arrangements in order to strengthen the sector, the general framing of the Draft White Paper and consultations with stakeholders have been questioned. In reality, the draft document reveals several underlying weaknesses: These include: Failure to identify a unifying principle that aligns arts, culture and heritage policy with current imperatives and priorities of the DAC, including social cohesion and socio-economic development. 1 Slide 21 21 Weaknesses Cont.. Preponderance of job creation over sustainable livelihoods in the arts, culture and heritage sector. Lack of clarity on the role of policy and instruments in the promotion of sustainable economic activities in a context of jobless growth and economic decline. Lack of clarity on the relationship between value creation, value capture and value circulation as a critical weakness in the White Paper and necessary model for sustainable development. Failure to identify instruments for market creation as a shortcoming and weakness in the White Paper. 1 Slide 22 22 Weaknesses Cont.. Lack of policy coherence on effective instruments towards the creation of an enabling environment for artists to develop their crafts. In attempting to realign policy with governments developmental mandate, the draft does not focus on key issues of strengthening and/or reimagining innovative components or functions that would make this possible. Lack of institutional clarity on the alignment of DAC policy with programme interventions and the goal of social cohesion. 1 Slide 23 23 Weaknesses End. Incoherence in the structure and presentation of the Draft revision. Failure to deliver a more broadly transformative vision for the sector. 1 Slide 24 24 3 SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES OF THE REVIEW 3.1 NDP goals Outcome 14 The scope of this review derives from Chapter 25 of the NDP and Outcome 14, which set out several long-term goals to move towards grea...</p>