The Roman World Takes Shape 5.1. Mr. James. Objectives. Describe the physical and cultural settings in which Roman civilization arose. Outline how the Roman Republic was structured. Explain how the Roman republic grew and maintained its conquests. . Mediterranean Area Today. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation
The Roman World Takes Shape 5.1
The Roman World Takes Shape5.1Mr. JamesThe upper class of early Roman society were called_________The lower class of early Roman society were called_________The Romans established the form of government known as a _________ or that which belongs to the peopleThe ancestors of the Romans were the ________(s) and they settled along the Tiber river.Each year, senators nominated two_______(s) from the upper class. They were too supervise the government and command the armies.
Latin e. PatricianLegion f. PlebianCarthaginian g. ConsulEtruscan h. Republic ObjectivesDescribe the physical and cultural settings in which Roman civilization arose. Outline how the Roman Republic was structured.Explain how the Roman republic grew and maintained its conquests. Mediterranean Area Today
Influence of GeographyHow did the geography of the Italian Peninsula benefit ancient Romans? Italian peninsula is centrally located in the Mediterranean SeaCity of Rome sits towards center of ItalyThe ApenninesThe Tiber (food/trans)The 7 hills-pasture land and wood-fertile plain (good soil)
The Origins of RomeEarly Peoples Settle Italy
The MythRomulus and RemusSons of Mars (War God)
The RealityThe Latins (from North of the Alps)753 BC founding of the city of Rome on Palatine hillThe Etruscans (from Asia Minor)Arrived in 800 BC by 625 BC ruled all of Northern Italy (Tuscany)Influences on Rome:Military org (phalanx), Chariots, Engineering,, GladiatorsGreek Influences?Greek alphabetReligion (also through the Etruscans)
Greek settlements in Italy
Res Publica Etruscan Domination of the City of Rome (c. 625 BC 509 BC)Etruscan Kings ruled for life after the approval of the Senate and the citizensEtruscans Kings Pushed out by 509 BC due to bad monarchy In their place the Romans founded a Republic (Defn?)
Structuring the Early Republic Patricians v. PlebeiansCitizenship required descent from 2 Roman parentsRepublic controlled by the senate members were all patricians Senators nominated two consuls for one term-How did this create a system of checks and balances?During times of war, or national emergency the senate elected a dictatorPlebeians Fight for RightsPlebeians slowly gained more rightsHow?The 12 tables (451 BC)No enslavement for debtMarry PatriciansEventually won the right to become Consul / SenatorTribunes with veto powerThe Roman ArmyAll citizens had to serve Legions: Each with its own standard and legionary EaglesAuxiliary troops made up of non-citizens were called on to support the regular armyDiscipline: Decimation by phalanx
Roman Expansion in ItalyBy 265 BC had conquered most of ItalyLife under Roman RuleCitizenship (half)Allies by treatyAll had to acknowledge Roman superiority, pay taxes and supply soldiersExerciseTable in skill packet Similarities and DifferencesWhich one is more democratic?