The Progressive Presidents1901-1921
What does it mean to be progressive?How truly progressive were these presidents?
PRESIDENTTheodore (Teddy)Roosevelt(became president after President McKinley was shot)
YEARS IN OFFICE1901-1909
Governor of New York
Rancher in DakotaHarvard GraduateCavalry (Rough Riders)
POLITICAL PARTYRepublican Progressive
T.R.s Efforts to ReformBased on Belief in Square Deal1st time government intervened in a strike to protect workers and public Expanded the role of government by trustbusting 44 trusts.
T.Rs Additional ReformsHelped Enact Food & Drug ActHelped Enact Meat Inspection Act
T.Rs Additional ReformsSet aside 150 millions acres as forest preserveNewlands Reclamation Act: paid for making damaged land productive. Created National Conservation Commission
Cruise of the Great White Fleet 1907-1909
T.Rs PROBLEMSVery popular, no opposition in 1904 for reelection.Critics said conservation efforts too costly.Great White Fleet represented imperialism.
PRESIDENTWilliam H. Taft
YEARS IN OFFICE1909-1913Secretary of War for Teddy Roosevelt
Taft was from which party? (Look at the poster for clue)
BackgroundAccepted Nomination in Cincinnati (now the Taft Museum of Art)Back was so round. Taft needed a custom tub!
Tafts Efforts to ReformFiled 90 suits against trusts.Helped adopt the 16th AmendmentIncome tax based on individual income: now fund government programs in a fair manner.
Tafts Additional ReformsCreated the Department of LaborAdded vast areas to nations forest preserves
PROBLEMSFormer judge. Did not want presidency. Progressives did not like his support for lowering tariffs & firing US Forestry Service head & not helping dispute in Congressional Rules Committee Lost Teddy Roosevelts support (TR ran against Taft, but Wilson won)
YEARS IN OFFICE1913-1921Governor of New Jersey
BackgroundGovernor of New Jersey
Dean of Princeton University
Wilsons Efforts to ReformBased on Belief in New FreedomWanted a return to small business, where the little guy was free from control of big business and government. Passed Clayton Anti-Trust ActCorporations could not undersell, or buy stock to be monopoly
Wilsons Additional ReformsEstablished the Federal Trade CommissionFederal Reserve Act
PROBLEMSCould not get child labor laws passed. Did not support suffrage for women in his campaign for reelection. Blacks rights unprotected. Prohibition difficult to enforce.