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  • The Palgrave Handbook of Contemporary Heritage Research

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  • The Palgrave Handbook ofContemporary HeritageResearchEdited by

    Emma WatertonAssociate Professor, University of Western Sydney, Australia

    Steve WatsonProfessor, York St John University, UK

  • Editorial matter, introduction and selection Emma Waterton andSteve Watson 2015Individual chapters Respective authors 2015

    All rights reserved. No reproduction, copy or transmission of thispublication may be made without written permission.

    No portion of this publication may be reproduced, copied or transmittedsave with written permission or in accordance with the provisions of theCopyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988, or under the terms of any licencepermitting limited copying issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency,Saffron House, 610 Kirby Street, London EC1N 8TS.

    Any person who does any unauthorized act in relation to this publicationmay be liable to criminal prosecution and civil claims for damages.

    The authors have asserted their rights to be identified as the authors of thiswork in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988.

    First published 2015 byPALGRAVE MACMILLAN

    Palgrave Macmillan in the UK is an imprint of Macmillan Publishers Limited,registered in England, company number 785998, of Houndmills, Basingstoke,Hampshire RG21 6XS.

    Palgrave Macmillan in the US is a division of St Martins Press LLC,175 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY 10010.

    Palgrave Macmillan is the global academic imprint of the above companiesand has companies and representatives throughout the world.

    Palgrave and Macmillan are registered trademarks in the United States,the United Kingdom, Europe and other countries.

    This book is printed on paper suitable for recycling and made from fullymanaged and sustained forest sources. Logging, pulping and manufacturingprocesses are expected to conform to the environmental regulations of thecountry of origin.

    A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library.

    A catalog record for this book is available from the Library of Congress.

    ISBN 978-1-349-45123-4 ISBN 978-1-137-29356-5 (eBook)DOI 10.1057/9781137293565

    Softcover reprint of the hardcover 1st edition 2015 978-1-137-29355-8

  • Contents

    List of Figures and Tables xiii

    Acknowledgements xv

    Notes on Contributors xvi

    Heritage as a Focus of Research: Past, Present and New Directions 1Emma Waterton and Steve Watson

    Heritage in the past 3Heritage now and in the future 9

    The volumes structure 11Conclusion 14

    Part I Heritage Meanings

    1 The Ontological Politics of Heritage; or How Research CanSpoil a Good Story 21Emma Waterton and Steve Watson

    Dark figures of heritage 23Heritage researched 25Future directions 29

    2 Heritage and Discourse 37Zongjie Wu and Song Hou

    The notion of discourse 37Heritage as discourse and discursive practice 39Discourse analysis and the critique of heritage 41

    Cultural discourses of heritage: Some alternative endeavours 43Future trends in discursive studies of heritage 45Concluding remarks 48

    3 Heritage as Performance 52Michael Haldrup and Jrgen Ole Brenholdt

    Introduction: The uses of heritage 52The performance turn 53Performances of heritage 55


  • vi Contents

    Performances at heritage sites 58Performances with heritage 61Conclusion: A moderate stand on performance 64

    4 Heritage and Authenticity 69Helaine Silverman

    Heritage and authenticity in the nineteenth century 70Authenticity in architecture becomes an international

    heritage doctrine 72UNESCO, authenticity and intangible cultural heritage 75Authenticity, heritage and tourism 76Current research on heritage and authenticity 80Implications of authenticity for local, national and international

    heritage policy 82Conclusion 84

    Part II Heritage in Context

    5 From Heritage to Archaeology and Back Again 91Shatha Abu Khafajah and Arwa Badran

    Inventing archaeology 92Fitting people into prehistory using the culture-history

    approach 93Reinventing archaeology in the new world 97

    New archaeology: Scientific, abstract, general and universal 98The socio-political context: Humanizing archaeology and

    recognizing the ordinary 102Conclusion 107Acknowledgements 109

    6 Heritage and History 113Jessica Moody

    Introduction 113Defining heritage, studying heritage 113Defining history, studying history 114

    Public History 115The development of Public History 115

    Heritage debates in Britain 117History at war 119

    The Enola Gay 1202007 and the bicentenary of the Abolition of the British Slave

    Trade Act 121

  • Contents vii

    What can history do for heritage? 123Conclusion 125

    7 Thinking about Others through Museums and Heritage 130Andrea Witcomb

    8 Heritage and Tourism 144Duncan Light

    A brief history of heritage tourism 145Touring heritage: Making identities 148Understanding heritage tourists 150Conclusions: A future research agenda 153

    9 Heritage and Geography 159Nuala C. Johnson

    Geography and the heritage debate 162Theorizing memory spaces 164Space, memory and heritage 166Nature, heritage and identity 167Conclusion 170

    Part III Heritage and Cultural Experience

    10 Affect, Heritage, Feeling 177David Crouch

    Introduction 177Heritage journeys 178Phenomenology and performativity 179Affect, emotion, feeling 181Affect, feeling, knowing: Heritage and spacetimes of heritage 185Conclusions and ongoing reflections 187

    11 Heritage and Memory 191Joy Sather-Wagstaff

    Selected foundations 192Memory in heritage studies: Selected theoretical issues and

    current key themes 194Issues history versus memory, container models for memory 194Themes difficult heritage: History, place, body and memory 195

    Case studies: Memory, landscapes, embodiment, difficult heritage 197Precipitants of re-memory through domestic material

    and visual culture 198Heritage wiped clean? 199

  • viii Contents

    Embodied memory versus monumentalism at Angkor,Cambodia 200

    Into the future: Continuing and emerging directions 201Acknowledgements 202

    12 Heritage and the Visual Arts 205Russell Staiff

    The visual arts legacy 206Formalism 207Iconography 208Aesthetics 210Modernism 211

    The visual arts within contemporary heritage 212Quotations and copies 213The co-option of the visual arts as national heritage 214

    Conclusion 215

    13 Industrial Heritage and Tourism: A Review of the Literature 219Alfonso Vargas-Snchez

    State of the art 220Analysis of the literature survey 225Future directions 226

    14 Curating Sound for Future Communities 234Noel Lobley

    Field recordings, sonic heritage and sound curation 234The International Library of African Music 236The archive of BaAka music recorded by Louis Sarno 237

    Pro-active sound archiving 237Sound elicitation and case studies 239

    The Sound of Africa series, the International Library of AfricanMusic and urban Xhosa communities 239

    Developing sound collections at the Pitt Rivers Museum 242Future directions for collaborative sound curation 244

    15 Heritage and Sport 248Gregory Ramshaw and Sean Gammon

    Connecting sport and tourism 248Sport museums and halls of fame 250Sports stadia and sporting venues 251Heritage-based sporting events 252Sport fantasy camps 253Personal sport heritage journeys 254

  • Contents ix

    Future directions in sport heritage 255Conclusion 257

    Part IV Contested Heritage and Emerging Issues

    16 Heritage in Multicultural Times 263Cristbal Gnecco

    (Un)defining what cannot be defined 265Humanism, the market and governmentality: The multicultural

    faces of heritage 270The fall of the house of heritage (as we know it) 273Coda: Brief gloss on a long UNESCO text 276

    17 Cultural Heritage and Armed Conflict: New Questions for anOld Relationship 281Dacia Viejo-Rose and Marie Louise Stig Srensen

    An old relationship with new questions and dynamics 282A two-way street: From protection to reconstruction and recovery 287The arming and disarming of cultural heritage 289Looking to a future imperfect: Intention and impact 292Acknowledgements 294

    18 Heritage and Globalization 297Rodney Harrison

    Heritage and globalization 297World heritage 298

    The 1972 World Heritage Convention 301Critical studies of heritage and globalization 304Material-semiotic approaches to heritage: Actor-network theory,

    assemblage theory and governmentality theory 304Heritage as design process, material intervention and global

    transformation 308Future research directions 309

    19 Critical Approaches to Post-Colonial (Post-Conflict) Heritage 313John Giblin

    Setting the parameters 313Summary 315

    Theoretical underpinnings 315The post-colonial critique 315The heritage critique 316

    Discussion 317Event 317

  • x Contents

    Site 319Nation 322Reappropriation, recycling and renewal 324

    Conclusion 325

    Part V Heritage, Identity and Affiliation

    20 Heritage and Nationalism: An Unbreachable Couple? 331Tim Winter

    Antiquity and the nation 332Imperialism, nationalism and classical glory 334Enduring narratives 339Acknowledgements 343

    21 Heritage and Participation 346Cath Neal

    Historic review of heritage practice 347Background 348

    The broader context 352Why engage? 353Participation 356Localism and governmentality 358Conclusion 360Acknowledgements 362

    22 Heritage and Social Class 366Bella Dicks

    Introduction: From the Rhondda to Alnwick Castle 366What is heritage and what is class? 368National heritage, the people and nostalgia 369Class, collecti

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