of 68 /68
CHAPTER NINE The Musical Theatre

The Musical Theatre

  • Upload

  • View

  • Download

Embed Size (px)


The Musical Theatre. Chapter Nine. Music theatre is antirealistic & presentational. All drama has always been partly musical Classic Greek drama was sung and danced Most renaissance performances were accompanied by songs and instrumental music - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Text of The Musical Theatre

Page 1: The Musical Theatre


The Musical Theatre

Page 2: The Musical Theatre

Music theatre is antirealistic & presentational

All drama has always been partly musical Classic Greek drama was sung and danced Most renaissance performances were accompanied by

songs and instrumental music Shakespeare’s 38 plays contain singing...THE TEMPEST

has nine songs 17th century comedies regularly ended with a dance Musical masques evolved over time into ballet and opera Asian forms of theatre involve singing, dancing and

instrumental musicStill, musical theatre is widely regarded

as a genre into itself for the past 150 years

Page 3: The Musical Theatre

Broadway musicals dominate NY box offices and NYC remains the international center of musical theatre

Page 4: The Musical Theatre


Opened in 1960Ran for 42 yearsClosed in 200217,162

performancesReopened in 2006

Page 5: The Musical Theatre

Pulitzer Prize Award-winners

1932Of Thee I Sing 1950South Pacific1960Fiorello!1962How to Succeed in Business

Without Really Trying1976A Chorus Line1985Sunday in the Park With George1996Rent2010Next to Normal2016Hamilton

Page 6: The Musical Theatre

European influences of the musical includeClassical Greek Theatre

Page 7: The Musical Theatre

Greek Theatre’s were like modern sports stadiums

Page 8: The Musical Theatre

Greco-Roman Theatres developed along Roman ideals

Page 9: The Musical Theatre

Shakespeare’s stage featured many songs

Page 10: The Musical Theatre

The court of Louis XIV developed dance

Minuet at Court Royal Ballet

Page 11: The Musical Theatre

Lully’s Ballet at French court

Page 12: The Musical Theatre

Commedia dell’ Arte – Italian renaissance

Improvisation developed the comic traditions of the musical

Page 13: The Musical Theatre

Size and spectacle in 18th Century Playhouse

Page 14: The Musical Theatre

19th Century German Opera at Bayreuth

Wagner’s operas developed the spectacle of the musical stage

Page 15: The Musical Theatre

Russian Ballet at turn of 20th century

Page 16: The Musical Theatre

Influences on the American musical


Page 17: The Musical Theatre


Niblo’s Garden, 1860

Page 18: The Musical Theatre

Niblo’s Garden produced “first” musical

Page 19: The Musical Theatre

The Extravagant Revue

Page 21: The Musical Theatre

Slayton Jubilee Singers

Page 22: The Musical Theatre

Christy’s Minstrels

Page 29: The Musical Theatre

Musical Comedy

Irving Berlin’s “The Cocoanuts”

Page 33: The Musical Theatre

Show Boat (1927) by Jerome Kern

Page 36: The Musical Theatre
Page 37: The Musical Theatre

Rodgers and Hammerstein with Irving Berlin

Page 38: The Musical Theatre

Broadway’s Golden Age

Show Boat, 1927

Of Thee I Sing, 1932

Porgy and Bess, 1935

Pal Joey, 1940

Page 42: The Musical Theatre

South Pacific

Page 43: The Musical Theatre

Memorable MUSICALS from the Golden Age

Irving Berlin’s ANNIE GET YOUR GUN (1946)Cole Porter’s KISS ME KATE (1948)

Frank Loesser, GUYS AND DOLLS (1950)Adler and Ross, DAMN YANKEES (1955)

Leonard Bernstein’s WEST SIDE STORY (1957)Meredith Willson’s THE MUSIC MAN (1957)

Jule Styne’s GYPSY (1959)Charles Strouse BYE, BYE BIRDIE (1960)Lerner and Leowe, MY FAIR LADY (1964)

Bock and Harnick’s FIDDLER ON THE ROOF (1964)Michael Bennett’s A CHORUS LINE (1974)

Page 44: The Musical Theatre

The Contemporary Musical

In its heyday, the broadway musical was a star-maker: Jimmy Durante, Eddie Cantor, Mary Martin, Ethel Merman, Julie Andrews,

Carol Channing, Pearl Bailey, Bob Hope, John Raitt are examples

As film and television became more popular, the golden age of the musical came to an end.

During the 70s and 80s, a new artist emerged...the Choreographer-DirectorJerome Robbins (1918-1998)Gower Champion (1921-1980)Bob Fosse (1927-1987)Tommy Tune (born 1939)Michael Bennett (1943-1987)

Page 45: The Musical Theatre

Susan Stroman

Today’s pre-eminent Director-ChoreographerCredits include

Crazy for You (1992) Show Boat (revival) 1995 Big (1996) Steel Pier (1997) Oklahoma! (revival) 1999 Contact (2000) The Music Man (revival) 2000 The Producers (2001) Young Frankenstein (2007) The Scottsboro Boys (2010) Big Fish (2013)

Page 46: The Musical Theatre

Dress rehearsal – THE PRODUCERS

Page 47: The Musical Theatre

Production shot – THE PRODUCERS

Page 48: The Musical Theatre

Susan Stroman credits


The Producers

The Scottsboro Boys

Page 51: The Musical Theatre

Stephen Sondheim (born 1930)

Page 54: The Musical Theatre

The British Invasion

Jesus Christ Superstar EvitaJoseph and the Amazing Technicolor DreamcoatCatsPhantom of the OperaLes MisérablesStarlight ExpressMiss SaigonMamma Mia

Page 55: The Musical Theatre

Two men led the British Invasion

Andrew Lloyd Webber Cameron Mackintosh

Page 56: The Musical Theatre

A rare American Musical success in the midst of the British Invasion

Based on Mark Twain's classic 1884 novel, Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, it features music in the bluegrass and country styles in keeping with the setting of the novel. The 1985 Broadway production ran for more than 1,000 performances and it remained one of the few very successful American musicals in the mid-1980s among the emerging successes coming from Great Britain.

Page 57: The Musical Theatre

Cult Musicals

Page 60: The Musical Theatre

Musicals – A “How to”


Composer writes the music Arranger prepares for performance Music director prepares music for performance

Lyricist writes the lyrics Stephen Sondheim writes both music and lyrics Cole Porter also wrote both music and lyrics

Page 61: The Musical Theatre

Musical Score

Page 62: The Musical Theatre

The orchestra pit

Page 63: The Musical Theatre

The Lyrics of Stephen Sondheim

A Little Priest (from “Sweeney Todd”)

TODD: (spoken) These are desperate times,

Mrs. Lovett, and desperate measures are called for!

LOVETT: Here we are, now! Hot out of the oven!

TODD: What is that?

LOVETT:It's priest. Have a little priest.

TODD:Is it really good?

Page 64: The Musical Theatre

A Little Priest (continued)

LOVETT:Sir, it's too good, at least!Then again, they don't commit sins of the flesh,So it's pretty fresh.

TODD:Awful lot of fat.

LOVETT:Only where it sat.

TODD:Haven't you got poet, or something like that?

LOVETT:No, y'see, the trouble with poet is'Ow do you know it's deceased?Try the priest!

Page 65: The Musical Theatre

The Book of a Musical

What is "The Book"?The book – also called the libretto – is the least appreciated and yet most dramatically important element of a musical. It is the narrative structure that keeps the score from being nothing more than a disjointed medley of songs.

For many years, the main point of most shows was to showcase a score and/or a major star. As a result, the books of most Broadway musicals were a series of scenes, jokes and sight gags designed to get from song to song. By the 1940s, audiences were ready for something more, and shows like Pal Joey and Oklahoma! made it imperative that the book and score interweave to tell a cohesive story. This made for a much more satisfying kind of theatrical entertainment.

After all, the first job of every play or film – musical or not – is to tell a good story.

Page 66: The Musical Theatre

Rehearsal studio

Page 67: The Musical Theatre

Karl C. Bruder Theatre

Page 68: The Musical Theatre

Our 2017 Homecoming Musical

9 to 5 The MusicalMusic by Dolly Parton| Lyrics by Dolly Parton | Book by Patricia Resnick| Adapted from the 1980 film

Co-workers Violet, Judy, and Doralee form a strong female triumvirate through their mutual dissatisfaction with workplace conditions and especially obnoxious office boss Franklin Hart, Jr. After fantasizing about making things better, the women work together to help improve both their personal and professional situations.