The Legislative Branch The Executive Branch The Judicial Branch

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The Legislative Branch The Executive Branch The Judicial Branch Slide 2 A person that argues for interpreting the U.S. Constitution exactly as it is written is called a strict constructionist. A person that argues for interpreting the U.S. Constitution by reading between the lines is considered a loose constructionist. The Preamble to the U.S. Constitution has been argued that it is an inherent source of powers for the government to use. Slide 3 People elect representatives to make laws and govern. Elected representatives have the power to pass laws. This power is deprived from the peoples consent (voting representatives who represent the voters desires). Slide 4 Article I establishes the legislative branch and specifies its powers. It is comprised of a bicameral congress. They are the House of Representatives and the Senate. The House represents the Virginia Plan and the Senate represents the New Jersey Plan. Slide 5 The Elastic Clause gives Congress the power to make any laws which are necessary and proper in carrying out the powers and purposes of the U.S. Constitution. Slide 6 Approves Supreme Court appointments Hears impeachment hearings Approves foreign treaties Slide 7 I'm just a bill. Yes, I'm only a bill. And I'm sitting here on Capitol Hill. Well, it's a long, long journey To the capital city. It's a long, long wait While I'm sitting in committee, But I know I'll be a law some day At least I hope and pray that I will But today I am still just a bill. Slide 8 Slide 9 Article II outlines very little of what powers are granted to the president. He must be at least 35 years old, a resident of the United States for 14 years and either a natural born citizen or have been a citizen when constitution was adopted. The framers of the Constitution feared a direct election of the president and vice-president by the people! Slide 10 The electoral college is a a body of electors who are equal to a states senators and representatives who will elect the president. The president and vice- president were actually chosen based on who got the most votes. Electoral college is a check on mob rule. Slide 11 He has the authority to enforce all federal laws. He is commander and chief of the army and navy. May grant pardons for persons convicted of federal offenses. Can make treaties with the consent of the Senate. Appoints Supreme Court judges and other officers of government who need Senate approval. Provides a state of the Union address. (it is written) Slide 12 To cover the many responsibilities of the executive branch the president may have various departments. Secretary of War oversees the military Secretary of State oversees domestic affairs Secretary of Treasury managed finical policies Slide 13 A president and other executive officers may be removed from office should they commit high crimes and misdemeanors. The House impeaches and the Senate must convict to remove a person from office. Slide 14 Article III explains that the Supreme Court is established by the Constitution. All other courts are created by Congress. Justices must be of men of good behavior and are appointed for their lifetime. The U.S. has a dual court system of courts: Federal courts and state courts. The right to a trial by jury is guaranteed under the U.S. Constitution. Slide 15 Interprets the laws Hears all cases dealing with the Constitution Hears all cases affecting ambassadors and public officers All cases related to the high seas In cases where the U.S. is involved Slide 16 All cases are to be by a jury of ones peers. Treason is addressed and one can be charged if two witnesses view the act. The Constitution is the Supreme Law of the Land and courts must uphold Supreme Court decisions Slide 17