- The Legacy of Ancient Greece How did Ancient Athens influence Western Democracy?
The Legacy of Ancient Greece How did Ancient Athens influence Western Democracy?
<ul><li><p>The Legacy of Ancient GreeceHow did Ancient Athens influence Western Democracy?</p></li><li><p>Greek City-StatesAround 2000 BC, the Greeks established cities along the coastlineEach city was like its own country (City-States)Most Greek City-States had one of the following types of gov.1. MonarchyRuled by a king (absolute rule)Hereditary (born into/family)Power to rule comes from God Divine Right</p><p>2. Aristocracy Ruled by rich, important families (nobles) Hereditary</p><p> Power comes from wealth/status</p></li><li><p>History of Democracy Solon the ReformerAthens, most powerful city-state was an Aristocracy</p><p> Landowners force farmers into slavery to pay debt Solon writes a law outlawing slavery based on debt3. Oligarchy/Tyranny Rule based on wealth, ability, or control of military If one powerful person gains control becomes tyranny Not hereditary</p></li><li><p>2. Solon establishes citizenship based on four classes (wealth)Top three classes can hold public office, fourth class can only voteOnly free adult males born in Athens were citizens</p><p>1/10 of Athenstotal populationAthens uses branches of Govt.Council of 500 = Executive BranchJury system = Judicial BranchCleisthenes allows 4th class to hold public office, leaders chosen by lottery (Council of 500)Pericles Pays people in govt, more Athenians can participate in governmentAthens becomes a direct democracy as citizens rule & make laws directlyAssembly of citizens = Legislative Br</p></li><li><p>Trial by Jury Athens StyleHow big were juries in Athens?How was a jury selected?What was the difference between a hollow and solid disk?Answer Question #1 on page 9Answer Question #2 on page 9</p></li></ul>