The Hollow Men -By T.S. Eliot Group Members: Effie, Rebecca, Vita

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  • Slide 1
  • The Hollow Men -By T.S. Eliot Group Members: Effie, Rebecca, Vita
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  • The Title The Hollow Land -William Morris The Broken Men -Kipling Allusions: Julius Caesar-Shakespeare Heart of Darkness-Conrad
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  • Four Main sources for The Hollow Men The Gunpowder Plot: -Conspiracy arose from the English Catholic s resentment of King James I and his reign s treatment of their religion. - A group of extremists - Guy Fawkes (Source)Source
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  • Julius Caesar: a violent conspiracy of men who are blinded by their cause Brutus-a leading Roman citizen Cassius- recruiting people to conspire to assassinate Caesar (Source)Source
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  • The Divine Comedy: -Dante as a pilgrim traveling through the three kingdoms of the afterlife: hell, purgatory, and heaven. -Virgil -Beatrice (Source)Source
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  • Heart of Darkness: a story full of hollow men- men empty of faith, personality, moral strength, and humanity. -Marlow s journey into the heart of Africa -Kurtz (Source)Source
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  • 1925 Eliot wrote this poem during a period of absence form the bank, having just suffered nervous breakdown. The theme of hollowness presented in the poem directly relates to his own psychological condition at the time. (Source)Source
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  • 1-4 The hollow men and stuffed men , filled with straw effigies burned on Guy Fawkes Day The conspirators in Julius Caesar Kurtz Eliot s modern man Whisper: conspiracy (Source)Source
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  • 11-12 A condition of unfulfillment as seen in the spiritual state of the shades in Inferno iii. Marlow s experience with resistance of death. (Source)Source
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  • 13-15 Those who have crossed to death s other kingdom are those who have left behind a state of spiritual nothingness and entered into knowledge and recognition of that state. Kurtz: The horror! The horror! Dante: couldn t look at Beatrice. (Source)Source
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  • 19 In heaven, Dante no longer feels shamed by Beatrice s gaze. Once redemption accepted and virtue restored, the formerly hollow man has no reason to feel shame when looking into the eyes of the virtuous. (Source)Source
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  • 23-28 Resemble Dante s description of the Earthly Paradise. Used the star as a symbol representing God or Mary. A broken column: a traditional graveyard memorial for a premature death. (Source)Source
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  • 32 The souls fear in the obstacles that will have to overcome before reaching paradise. Dressing in animal skins: Possible origins -ritualistic purposes -custom of hanging up the corpse of a member of a crop damaging species (Source)Source
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  • 35 The Inferno: spirits are blown about by the wind. The Heart of Darkness: the native dies just because he lift the shutter open. (Source)Source
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  • 37-38 Both Dante and Marlow must face a meeting they fear. Dante: Beatrice (divine beauty) Marlow: Inform Kurtz s wife of his death. (Source)Source
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  • III. The stone images suggests idolatrous worship. The desert imagery ( e.g. dead land, cactus land, hollow valley ) suggests sterility of the modern world. A fading star establishes a sense of remoteness from reality. (Source)Source
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  • IV. The eyes are not here a representation of the sterility (modern world), a place where the eyes that offer hope do not exist. From fading star to dying star. The broken jaw might signify that the civilizing factor has broken, allowing modern men s decline. (Source)Source
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  • IV. Meeting the final meeting of the lost, hollow souls before they sentenced to the inferno. Tumid river the River Acheron flowing around hell in Dante s Divine Comedy. Multifoliate rose a vision of paradise in Divine Comedy. The petals are formed by the souls of the saved in heaven. (Source)Source
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  • V. A service, ritual service go round the prickly pear Chant & choral nursery rhyme The reality/ cactus (footnote 4) vs. the hope/ roses The frustration of impulse Falls the Shadow -(footnote 5) related to religion -the frustrating shadow of fear -personification of its negative character (Source)Source
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  • V. The conflict of the series -frustration/ emptiness -irony of impaired lives Life is very long the burden of life Falls the Shadow Kingdom is very hard whimper results from irony & emptiness (Source)Source
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  • Works Cited Eliot, T.S. The Hollow Men. Baym, Nina, et al. eds. Norton Anthology of American Literature. 6th shorter ed. New York: Norton, 2003. 1994-97. "The Hollow Men". Planet Papers. 17 Apr. 2006 T.S. Eliot's "The Hollow Men": a Hypertextual Study of Allusion. 17 Apr. 2006.