THE GENEVA CONVENTIONS OF 12 AUGUST 1949

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  • THE GENEVA CONVENTIONS OF 12 AUGUST 1949

    THE G

    ENEVA

    CO

    NV

    ENTIO

    NS O

    F 12 AUG

    UST 1949

    ICRC0173

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  • Mission

    The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) is an impartial, neutral and independent organization whose exclusively humanitarian mission is to protect the lives and dignity of victims of armed conflict and other situations of violence and to provide them with assistance. The ICRC also endeavours to prevent suffering by promoting and strengthening humanitarian law and universal humanitarian principles. Established in 1863, the ICRC is at the origin of the Geneva Conventions and the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement. It directs and coordinates the international activities conducted by the Movement in armed conflicts and other situations of violence.

  • THE GENEVA CONVENTIONS OF 12 AUGUST 1949

  • THE GENEVA CONVENTIONS OF 1949 1

    ContentsPreliminary remarks .......................................................................................................... 19

    GENEVA CONVENTION FOR THE AMELIORATION OF THE CONDITION OF THE WOUNDED AND SICK IN ARMED FORCES IN THE FIELD OF 12 AUGUST 1949

    CHAPTER I General Provisions ....................................................................................................... 35

    Article 1 Respect for the Convention ..................................................................... 35Article 2 Application of the Convention ................................................................ 35Article 3 Conflicts not of an international character ............................................ 35Article 4 Application by neutral Powers ................................................................ 36Article 5 Duration of application ............................................................................ 36Article 6 Special agreements .................................................................................... 36Article 7 Non-renunciation of rights ...................................................................... 37Article 8 Protecting Powers ..................................................................................... 37Article 9 Activities of the International Committee of the Red Cross ............... 37Article 10 Substitutes for Protecting Powers ........................................................... 37Article 11 Conciliation procedure............................................................................. 38

    CHAPTER IIWounded and sick .......................................................................................................... 39

    Article 12 Protection and care ................................................................................... 39Article 13 Protected persons ...................................................................................... 39Article 14 Status ........................................................................................................... 40Article 15 Search for casualties. Evacuation ............................................................ 40Article 16 Recording and forwarding of information ............................................ 40Article 17 Prescriptions regarding the dead. Graves Registration Service .......... 41Article 18 Role of the population .............................................................................. 42

    CHAPTER IIIMedical units and establishMents ................................................................ 42

    Article 19 Protection ................................................................................................... 42 Article 20 Protection of hospital ships ..................................................................... 42Article 21 Discontinuance of protection of medical establishments and units ..................................................................................................... 43 Article 22 Conditions not depriving medical units and establishments of protection ............................................................ 43 Article 23 Hospital zones and localities ................................................................... 43

  • 2 CONTENTS

    CHAPTER IVPersonnel ............................................................................................................................... 44

    Article 24 Protection of permanent personnel ........................................................ 44 Article 25 Protection of auxiliary personnel ............................................................ 44Article 26 Personnel of aid societies ......................................................................... 44 Article 27 Societies of neutral countries................................................................... 44Article 28 Retained personnel ................................................................................... 45 Article 29 Status of auxiliary personnel .................................................................... 46 Article 30 Return of medical and religious personnel ............................................ 46Article 31 Selection of personnel for return ............................................................ 46 Article 32 Return of personnel belonging to neutral countries ............................ 46

    CHAPTER VbuildinGs and Material ............................................................................................ 47

    Article 33 Buildings and stores .................................................................................. 47 Article 34 Property of aid societies ........................................................................... 47

    CHAPTER VIMedical transPorts ..................................................................................................... 47

    Article 35 Protection ................................................................................................... 47Article 36 Medical aircraft .......................................................................................... 48 Article 37 Flight over neutral countries. Landing of wounded ............................. 48

    CHAPTER VIIthe distinctive eMbleM ............................................................................................. 49

    Article 38 Emblem of the Convention ...................................................................... 49 Article 39 Use of the emblem..................................................................................... 49 Article 40 Identification of medical and religious personnel ................................ 49 Article 41 Identification of auxiliary personnel ...................................................... 50 Article 42 Marking of medical units and establishments ....................................... 50Article 43 Marking of units of neutral countries .................................................... 50Article 44 Restrictions in the use of the emblem. Exceptions ............................... 50

    CHAPTER VIIIexecution of the convention ........................................................................... 51

    Article 45 Detailed execution. Unforeseen cases .................................................... 51 Article 46 Prohibition of reprisals ............................................................................. 51Article 47 Dissemination of the Convention ........................................................... 51 Article 48 Translations. Rules of application ........................................................... 52

  • THE GENEVA CONVENTIONS OF 1949 3

    CHAPTER IXrePression of abuses and infractions ........................................................ 52

    Article 49 Penal sanctions: I. General observations ............................................... 52Article 50 II. Grave breaches ...................................................................................... 52 Article 51 III. Responsibilities of the Contracting Parties ..................................... 53Article 52 Enquiry procedure .................................................................................... 53 Article 53 Misuse of the emblem ............................................................................... 53 Article 54 Prevention of misuse ................................................................................ 54

    final Provisions ............................................................................................................... 54Article 55 Languages ................................................................................................... 54 Article 56 Signature ..................................................................................................... 54 Article 57 Ratification ................................................................................................. 54Article 58 Coming into force ..................................................................................... 54 Article 59 Relation to previous Conventions ........................................................... 54 Article 60 Accession ................................................................................................... 55Article 61 Notification of accessions ......................................................................... 55 Article 62 Immediate effect ........................................................................................ 55 Article 63 Denunciation ............................................................................................. 55 Article 64 Registration with the United Nations ...................................................