The Fountain Issue 2

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  • ISSUE 2 / FREEDHUL QADAH 1433 / OCTOBER 2012

    By the students of Imam Zakariya Academy under the guidance of Mufti Shah Sadruddin

    Special Hajj Issue

  • Ibn Kathir writes in the commentary of this verse that Ibn Abbas k states this refers to the first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah. The Prophet g said regarding these days, There is no deed more precious in the sight of Allah c, or greater in reward than a good deed done during the ten days of Sacri-fice. [Al Darami]

    Hafiz Ibn Hajar states the reason for this in his commentary of Bukhari (Fath ul Bari): The most apparent reason for the ten days of Dhul Hij-jah being distinguished in excellence is due to the assembly of the greatest acts of worship in this period, i.e. prayers, fasting, charity and the Hajj pilgrimage. In no other period do these great deeds combine.

    This is truly a blessed and virtu-ous time of year; therefore, we must strive during these days to show our gratitude to Allah c. Those who plan to perform Hajj this year have been gifted with a valuable opportunity to do many good deeds. As for those who remain behind, we too must utilise every moment to gain closeness to Allah c. In this article, we have outlined some basic acts of worship we should all aim to do over the coming days and also a few reminders relating to Eid celebrations.

    As always we must pay particular attention to our fardh (obligatory) sa-laah, ensuring we perform every prayer on time. In addition to the five daily salaah, we must attempt to read Ta-hajjud (late night) prayer. Abu Hurai-rah h narrates from the Messenger of Allah g that Salat-ut-Tahajjud during one of its nights (first 10 days of Dhul Hijjah) is like performing Tahajjud on Laylatul Qadr.

    In the hadith mentioned above the prophet g also says, Fasting any day during it is equivalent to fasting one year.

    One can attain the reward of fasting for nine years by observing sawm on the first nine days (the 10th of Dhul Hijjah being Eid). The minimum should be to fast on the day of Arafah (9th Dhul Hijjah); a Sunnah of the messenger g, regarding which he would say Fasting the Day of `Ara-fah expiates (the sins) for two years, one prior and one forthcoming [Muslim].

    During these days we should also try to increase in giving sadaqah (charity). Try to set a small but fixed amount to be given on a daily basis. This is a very meritorious act indeed. We are also advised to make abundant dua to Allah c for ourselves and for the whole Muslim Ummah. It is also important to recite the takbeer of tashreeq (below) once, after every salaah from Fajr on the 9th of Dhul Hijjah until Asr on the 13th.

    The Best Day of the Year

    The 10th of Dhul Hijjah which is the day of Eid ul Adha is the greatest day of Hajj [Abu Dawud] and according to some scholars, the greatest day in the whole Islamic calendar. On this day, which also marks the ending of the rites of Hajj, Muslims commemo-rate the favours and blessings of Allah c by carrying out a sacrifice.

    When the Messenger of Allah g came to Medina the people used to celebrate two days. Seeing this he announced, Indeed, Allah c has substituted for you two days better than those two; the Day of Fitr and the Day of Adha [Nasai].

    Undeniably these are the two days of celebration for the Muslims. It is important to note here, that just as Islam has prescribed the days of celebration, the Shariah has also clari-fied the method of celebrating. It is unfortunate that today, the days of Eid have become days on which we forget our duties towards Allah. Hiring cars, playing music and free mixing of males and females has become the norm. It is extremely sad, that Allah has given us a day of celebration, and we respond by filling it with the diso-bedience of Allah.

    Our readers, in particular the youth who may have engaged in such activi-ties in the past, and have planned to do so again, are humbly requested to cancel such plans and enjoy the day with family and friends without cross-ing the boundaries of shariah. These activities not only draw upon us sin, but they become a means of a negative portrayal of Islam to non-Muslims. We make dua to Allah c that He bestows us with the ability to utilise these blessed days for His worship and that He gives us the ability to spend the best day of the year in a manner that pleases Him. Aameen.

    The Virtues of Dhul Hijjah and remember the name of Allah in the appointed days. [Al-Quran 2:203]

    - 2 -

    By 3rd year Alimiyyah students

    Contents

    Subscribe to The Fountain Magazine for only 5 a year (includes post & packaging). To subscribe or for more info, email: shahtalha@hotmail.co.uk

    - 1 -

    The Virtues of Dhul Hijjah

    Muharram

    Hajj

    Illustrated Hajj Guide

    Malcolm X Performs the Journey of a Lifetime

    Sunnahs of Prophet Muhammad g

    The Life of Maulana Rashid Ahmad Gangohi

    Q&A

    Fountain of Hadith

    2

    3

    5

    7

    9

    10

    11

    12

    13

  • - 4 -- 3 -

    Muharram is the first month in the Islamic calendar, and with it comes many virtues. Although this month is famous amongst the masses for the bizarre self flagellation of the Shias, the month in its pure self is blessed and holds historical significance. To begin with, we analyse what was known of this month at the time of the Prophet g.

    The Islamic year has 12 months, of which four are known as sacred. They are; Muharram, Dhu al-Qadah, Dhu al-Hijjah and Rajab. Shaykh Abdul Ghani al-Mujaddidi al-Dehlawi in his Hashiya of Ibn Majah, under the chap-ter Fasting the four sacred months (p.125) writes, These months were considered sacred in the religion of Ibrahim and Ismaeel q. And the Arabs used to hold firm on to this, by glorifying it and preventing fight-ing therein (which was abrogated by the Prophet g)..... As for excessive reward in these months, then it is established by many reports. Thus meaning that sacredness in that way (by being virtuous), is still present in our religion.

    As for Muharram specifically, we find in a Hadith reported in Sahih Muslim and Jami al-Tirmidhi on the authority of Abu Hurairah h, that the Prophet g said, The best of fasts after the fasts of Ramadhan is in the month of Allah, that which you call Mu-harram. And the best prayers after the obligatory prayers is the night prayer.

    A person with insight into the life of the Prophet g will notice that the Prophet g was known for fasting excessively in Shaban and was steadfast on the six fasts of Shawwal. Not much has been reported of the Prophet g fasting excessively in Muharram. So why then did the Prophet g give more importance to months which had less virtue? Scholars have given various answers. Shaykh al-Mubarakpuri and Imam Nawawi have said, Perhaps the Prophet g was not given the knowl-edge of its (ie-Muharrams) virtue except at the end of his life, before he could start fasting. Or perhaps barriers came in the way which prevented him from excessive fasting, like travel, illness or other then that. (Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 3/164)

    Imam Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali in his Lataif al-Maarif (p. 46) explains that the six fasts of Shawwal along with the fasts of Shaban are connected to the month of Ramadhan, and so they be-come a taba (follow up) of Ramadhan, hence sharing in its virtue. Therefore, Muharram would be the most virtu-ous out of the general optional fasts. To substantiate this claim, he quotes a Hadith found in Sunan Ibn Majah, in which it is mentioned that Usama bin Zayd h used to fast the four sacred months until the Prophet g told him to observe the fasts of Shawwal. After this, he ceased fasting the four sacred months.

    We find another Hadith in Jami al-Tirmidhi in which the Prophet g says (after being questioned with regards

    to which fast should a person observe after the month of Ramadhan) If you wish to fast after Ramadhan, thus fast in Muharram, as it is the month of Allah, in which there is a day, He (Allah) forgave a people (Bani Israeel) and he forgives in it oth-ers. Imam al-Tirmidhi says that this Hadith is good although reported by one route (Hasan Gharib).

    This is regarding the fasting in Muhar-ram. As for the day of Ashura, then it will be discussed below.

    Imam Ibn Hajr al-Asqalani mentions in his Fathul Bari (4/311) that most of the scholars have accepted that the day of Ashura is the 10th of Muhar-ram. Although there seems to be one narration indicating that Ibn Abbas k does not agree and says it is the 9th, Ibn Hajr explains it away by various evidences. Imam Nawawi argues on similar lines in his Sharh of Sahih Muslim and says, The vast majority of scholars from the past and present have agreed that Ashura is on the 10th of Muharram...

    The significance of this day is estab-lished by many Ahaadeeth found in various collections. We will suffice by narrating some from Sahih al-Bukhari (Book of fasting, Chapter 69):

    It is related that Ibn Abbas k said, The Prophet g came to Madinah and saw the Jews fasting the day of Ashura and said, What is this? They said, This is a holy day. This is the day when Allah rescued the Chil-

    dren of Israel from their enemy and so Musa n used to fast it. He said, We have more right to Musa than you. So he used to fast it and commanded that the fast be kept.

    It is related that Aisha said, Quraysh used to fast the day of Ashura in the time of the Jahiliyya. The Messenger of Allah g used also to fast it. When he came to Madinah, he would fast it and commanded that it be observed. When Ramadan became obligatory, he stopped fasting the day of Ashura. Whoever wished could fast it and whoever wished could leave it.

    From the above, we find that the sig-nificance of Ashura is that Allah rescued Musa n and his followers from Firawn on this day. There seems to be a contra-diction. In the first Hadi