The Fountain Issue 1

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  • ISSUE 1 / FREESHABAN 1433 / JULY 2012

    Ramadhan 02The 15th of Shaban 05

    The Life of Umar Ibn Abd-ul-Aziz 07The Student Life of Shaykh Zakariya 08

    Fountain of Hadith 09

    In this issue

    By the students of Imam Zakariya Academy under the guidance of Mufti Shah Sadruddin

  • This is our humble beginning for Al-Manba, the Arabic word which means The Fountain, the Fountain of Knowledge, which comes from Allah c and His holy Prophet g. By using the word Manba, we mean the knowledge of Wahi which is the foundation of all knowledge. Allah c Himself is the All knowing and His name is Al Aleem. The fountain of all knowledge came down through the Lawhe Mahfooz and trans-formed into the human hearts. We have named this magazine Al-Manba as it will contain matters relating to the fountain of all knowledge i.e. the Quran and Sunnah. We want to restrict our self in the strict ordinance and understanding of the Quran and Sunnah. This magazine has been achieved through the effort of the graduates and the students of Imam Zakariya Academy.

    Imam Zakariya Academy

    Imam Zakariya Academy was established in 2003 at Forest Gate Masjid in co-oper-ation with the trustees and management committee. The name of the institu-tion was given to us by our Teacher and Guide, Shaykhul Hadeeth Hazrat Maul-ana Yusuf Motala Sahib (May Allah bless him with a long and healthy life), who named it after his mentor and teacher the great Imam of Hadeeth Hazrat Shaykh Zakariya Kandhalwi r. Alhamdulillah, we have established a full Aalim course (taught in the English Medium) for over 15s. This Aalimiyyah course allows students over the age of 15 to undertake Islamic studies along with their secular

    education and other commitments. After Ramadhan, we will be starting Mishkat class and after the following Ramadhan (2013) we will have our 1st Graduation Class InshaAllah.

    Imam Zakariya Academy was established with the ideology to promote the true understanding of Deen primarily to the young English speaking generation in the UK, and extending towards wider Europe. Our aim is for these students to fully equip themselves with the texts of shariah in classical Arabic, gain an understanding of Islamic Theology and propagate this true understanding of the shariah through the English language. InshaAllah we would be justified in our claim that IZA is the first institution to establish a Madrasah with full Aalim Classes in the English medium right up to the end of Graduation.

    We ask our readers to pray that Allah c makes our humble effort and Imam Zakariya Academy a contribution to the promotion of Islam and to the true understanding of Deen. We pray that our readers fully benefit and understand from the magazine, and we hope that our gen-eration can gain the correct knowledge of the Quran & Sunnah.

    May Allah guide us all to the straight path and make it easy for every one of us to follow his true deen according to the guidance of Allah and His Prophet g.

    MUFTI SHAH SADRUDDINRector Imam Zakariya Academy

    Foreword

    Subscribe to The Fountain Magazine for only 5 a year (includes post & packaging). To subscribe or for more info, email: shahtalha@hotmail.co.uk

    - 1 -

  • In this verse Allah c informs the believers with regards to the essence of fasting; to attain taqwa. Taqwa is to guard oneself from the displeasure of Allah by abstaining from the disobedi-ence of Allah. To achieve this, Allah has provided us with a divine oppor-tunity in the form of Ramadhan; a month in which the gates of Heaven are thrown open, the doors ofthe Hellfireclosed, and the devils are imprisoned [Al Bukhari].

    This is such a virtuous month that the reward of every fardh (compulsory) act is multiplied seventy times, while every Nafl (optional) act earns the reward of one fardh outside of Rama-dhan. [Ibn Khuzaimah]. The abun-dance of mercy in this month is such that the person who lets these days pass without achieving the forgiveness of Allah c has been cursed [Ibn Hib-baan]. Hence we must make a firm resolve to make this month produc-tive and fruitful towards attaining the pleasure of Allah c.

    Why fast?

    In light of the Quran and Ahaadith, scholars have mentioned that there is a clear link between Ramadhan, taqwa and the Holy Quran. In order for a person to understand the wisdoms and teachings of the Quran, possessing taqwa is a necessity, and as mentioned above, fasting in Ramadhan has been decreed by Allah c for the purpose of attaining taqwa. Therefore it is clear that if a person observes their fast cor-rectly, not only will they attain taqwa, but also if Allah c wills, begin to gain an understanding of the Quran.

    Beyond acquiring taqwa, scholars have outlined numerous wisdoms behind fasting. One of these is to subjugate the desires of the nafs (inner self ). Fasting allows the individual to gradu-ally gain control over those desires, which if followed, can result in disobe-dience. Hence, depriving the body of food reduces the inclination towards sins. Fasting teaches patience and steadfastness against the disobedience of Allah c as is apparent at the time of iftar, when despite the presence and yearning towards the food, the fasting person restrains himself. This is a clear demonstration of the discipline and control which should develop as the month of Ramadhan progresses. One of the more evident outcomes is that a person can build empathy with those who are poorer than himself. This realisation is important for Muslims to comprehend the plight of their broth-ers and sisters throughout the world; a characteristic the Muslim Ummah is desperately in need of today.

    How to spend Ramadhan

    It is evident from the brief discourse above, that there are countless boun-ties and blessings which descend in this month. It is therefore vital to ensure that not a moment is wasted and that every opportunity is grasped. One of the challenges that we face is attempting to balance other commit-ments whilst ensuring that we do not disregard the virtues and significance of this month. This article will discuss practical methods and routines to at-tain maximum benefit in Ramadhan. Particular focus has been directed towards helping working individuals manage their time effectively to facili-

    tate for worship, whilst also assisting the many university, college and secondary school students who will be free this Ramadhan.

    Im busy working

    It is advisable that we try and take some days off during this month, so that we can devote some time exclu-sively for Allah c. However, this may not be possible for all of us. For those that will be working, we will list some practical steps which if followed, will InshaAllah allow us to make the most of the time available.

    The key to time management is to devise a structured timetable, which if adhered to, will result in a person making maximum use of time avail-able. Each person must outline the time dedicated to various acts of worship such as the recitation of the Quran, dhikr and salaah. Targets should be set which are challenging but achievable.

    The fasting persons day should begin with Suhur (pre-dawn meal). Not only is this a rewarding Sunnah, but it will allow for physical strength, particu-larly important in these long fasts. A person should try to wake up 15 minutes before Suhur in order to pray Tahajjud salaah albeit only 2 rakaats. Dua should also be made during this time, as the last portion of the night is a time of acceptance. One should use the time between Suhur and Fajr to recite the Quran. If a person recites only 21 verses before and after every salaah, then InshaAllah, they will finish one Quran throughout the month. After Suhur, one must pay

    RamadhanO you who believe, the fasts have been enjoined upon you as they were enjoined upon

    those before you, so that you may be God-fearing. (Holy Quran 2: 183)

    - 2 -

    By 4th year Alimiyyah studentsForeword

  • particular attention to the fact that Fajr salaah is performed with congregation. During the day, a person must be mindful of utilising every moment. This starts on the journey to work. Most people will easily spend up to an hour on journeys to and from work. This provides a great opportunity to do dhikr, and to recite or listen to the Quran. At the same time, one should be mindful of refraining from the disobedience of Allah, with a particular emphasis on controlling ones gazes. This can be achieved simply by read-ing the Quran or any other beneficial literature. The same routine should be practiced on the return journey.

    If the work location is situated close to a masjid, then it is advisable that a person performs his Dhuhr salaah in

    the masjid. This also provides an op-portunity to rest for a while, keeping you refreshed and active for the rest of the day. During this time, one should also aim to continue his recitation of the Quran. If it is not possible to go to the masjid, then one should try to identify an area within the workplace suitable for worship, and encourage Muslim colleagues to also attend the prayer. This time should not be wasted in idle talk or surfing the internet. Once a person gets home, he should rest for a short while and assist in the preparations of Iftar. There is much reward to be attained by undertaking such activities, as the Prophet (pbuh) himself would assist in various house-hold tasks. Care should be taken to free oneself from these activities 10-15 minutes before Iftar for supplication.

    One should ask Allah to accept their fast as well as supplicating for all of ones needs and necessities to the All Hearing Lord.

    The advice above provides a simple formula to increase productivity throughout the month. A concerted ef-fort should be made to implement this