The ‘Every Newborn’ Maternal – Newborn Bottleneck Analysis Tool

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  • The Every Newborn Maternal Newborn Bottleneck Analysis Tool
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  • The Every Newborn BNA Tool Standardized questionnaire to assess barriers and identify solutions to scale-up newborn care+++ Divided into 2 sections: Section I includes questions to assess bottlenecks to scale-up newborn health programmes in general Section II is sub-divided into 9 sub-sections. Each section includes questions to assess bottlenecks to scale-up each critical maternal and newborn interventions, in particular Each section includes a chapter on solutions and strategies to address identified challenges/barriers
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  • The Every Newborn BNA Tool Section I includes questions related to newborn health programmes in general and is organized into health system building blocks as follows: 1.Leadership and governance (enabling environment) 2.Health financing (enabling environment) 3.Health work force (supply) 4.Essential medical products and technologies (supply) 5.Health services (supply, quality) 6.Health information systems (quality) 7.Community ownership and participation (demand)
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  • The Every Newborn BNA Tool Section II is sub-divided into 9 sub-sections representing critical newborn interventions These are considered as tracer interventions and most likely appropriate to be used as proxy to get an understanding of challenges related to key newborn interventions delivered through a similar platform The questionnaire focuses on interventions around the 24 hours of birth; labour, child birth and immediate postnatal care
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  • The Every Newborn BNA Tool Section II selected interventions are : 1.Management of pre-term birth - focus on antenatal corticosteroids 2.Skilled care at birth - focus on the use of the partograph 3.Basic Emergency Obstetric Care - focus on assisted vaginal delivery 4.Comprehensive Emergency Obstetric Care - focus on caesarean section 5.Basic Newborn Care - focus on cleanliness including cord care, warmth, and feeding
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  • The Every Newborn BNA Tool 5.Neonatal resuscitation 6.Kangaroo mother care - focus on skin to skin, breastfeeding and feeding support for premature and small babies 7.Treatment of severe infections - focus on using injectable antibiotics 8.Inpatient supportive care for sick and small newborns - focus on IV fluids/feeding support and safe oxygen
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  • The Every Newborn BNA Tool Each section (Section I, sub-sections of section II) has a chapter on the identification of potential strategies and solutions to address the priority bottlenecks according to the health systems building blocks
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  • The Every Newborn BNA Tool Group Work on the BNA Objectives Become familiar with the questionnaire Analyze challenges to scale-up newborn care (Kick off session) Identify solutions to address the barriers Provide feedback/inputs (formulation of the questions, clarification on contents, etc) to improve the tool Participatory process: Each country should assess the bottlenecks and identify practical and realistic solutions to address the challenges/ bottlenecks. Each country will focus on: Section I: Newborn care in general (Day 1 -afternoon) Section II: Two interventions randomly assigned- see guidelines (Day 2- morning) Feedback: Formal feedback on group work will be provided by each country in a plenary session
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