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The Conservative Tide Chapter 25

The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

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Page 1: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

The Conservative Tide

Chapter 25

Page 2: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

I. Conservative Movement Emerges

Page 3: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

A. The Movement Builds

• The New Right– Opposed abortion– Opposed ERA– Wanted School prayer

• Affirmative Action– reverse discrimination

• Conservative Coalition• Moral Majority

– wanted to restore traditional moral values

Page 4: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

B. Conservatives take office

• Ronald Reagan– Elected 1980– George H.W. Bush V.P.

• Originally a Democrat – “The party had left him”

• “A recession is when your neighbor loses his job, a depression is when you lose your job. And recovery is when Jimmy Carter loses his”

Page 5: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

II. Conservative policies

Page 6: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

A. Economic policies

• Reaganomics – budget cuts, tax cuts, increase defense spending

• Supply-side economics– Fewer taxes– People would save and invest more

• Strategic Defense Initiative • National Debt doubles

Page 7: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

B. Courts shift right

• Sandra Day O’Connor– First female supreme

court justice

• William Rehnquist – becomes Chief

Justice

• Reagan and Bush end rule of liberal court

Page 8: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

C. Deregulating the Economy

• Deregulation – the cutting back of

federal regulation in industry

– increased competition and lowered prices

• Cut the EPA budget

Page 9: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

D. Victories

• 1984 Election– Reagan/Bush (Rep)– Mondale/Ferraro

(Dem)– Win by landslide

• 1988 Election– Bush Vs. Dukakis– “Read my lips no

new taxes”

Page 10: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

III. Social Concerns in the 1980s

Page 11: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

A. Health, Education & Cities• Acquired Immune

Deficiency Syndrome• Webster V.

Reproductive Health Care Services– States had right to

make laws on abortion

• War On Drugs– “Just say no!”

• A Nation At Risk– US students falling

behind• Urban Crisis

Page 12: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

B. Equal Rights• Increase of Women

in House and Senate

• Reagan names two women to his cabinet – Elizabeth Dole– Margaret Heckler

• “Feminization of poverty”

• Pay Equity – pay rates reflected

job’s requirements

Page 13: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

C. Fight for rights continues

• L. Douglas Wilder– First African

American governor

• Jesse Jackson – ran for democratic

presidential nomination

• Sheriffs, School board, legislators

Page 14: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

D. Gains for Latinos

• Fastest growing minority

• Lauro Cavazos– Secretary of

Education

• Dr. Antonia Coello Novello– Surgeon General

• Bilingual Education

Page 15: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

E. Native Americans

• Schools to teach about past

• Reagan cuts funding to Native Americans

• Supreme Court votes in favor of Casinos – Provides additional

funding

Page 16: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

F. Other Minorities• Asian Americans

– 2nd fastest growing minority– low crime rates– low dropout rates– low divorce rates– high unemployment and poverty

• Gay rights– By 1993, 7 states & 110 communities

outlaw discrimination

Page 17: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

IV. Foreign Policy after the Cold War

Page 18: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

A. The beginning of the end

• Mikhail Gorbachev 1985– Glasnost- openness – Perestroika- restructuring

of Soviet society

• Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF)– Between U.S. and Soviets– Eliminated weapons &

allowed inspections

Page 19: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

B. The Soviet Union Declines• Collapse of the Berlin Wall 1989

• Non-Communist parties organized in satellite nations– Nations gain independence

• Bush & Yeltsin formally end Cold War 1992

• STARII Pact– Cuts amount of nuclear weapons by 2/3

Page 20: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

C. China…Still Commies

• 1980s China begins economic reforms– less government control

• Tiananmen Square (1989)– Demonstrations leads by

students– Military steps in kills

unarmed students

• “The government has won the battle here today. But they have lost the people’s hearts.”

Page 21: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

D. Central America & The Caribbean• Nicaragua

– Contras vs. Sandinistas

• Grenada– Reagan sends

troops – Overthrow pro-

Cuban gov.

• Panama– Bush sends 20,000

soldiers– Overthrow & Arrest

Gen. Manuel Antonio Noriega

Page 22: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

E. Middle East troubles

• Iran-Contra Scandal– Terrorist groups capture Americans in

Lebanon– “America will never make concessions to

terrorists”– Weapons in exchange for prisoners– profits then went towards the Contras in

Nicaragua

Page 23: The Conservative Tide Chapter 25. I. Conservative Movement Emerges

F. The Persian Gulf War

• Iraq led by Saddam Hussein– Invaded Kuwait

(1990)

• Operation Desert Storm (1991)– Air assault on Iraq– Troops attacked from

Saudi Arabia – Cease Fire Feb.

1991