The Anglo-Saxon Period

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  • The Anglo-Saxon Period449-1066Theme: Heroes and HeroismBritish Legends

  • Where did the Anglo-Saxons come from?

    Between 800 and 600 B.C., two groups of Celts from southern Europe invaded the British Isles.Brythons (now spelled Britons) settled on the largest Island, Britain.Gaels, settled on the second largest island, known to us as Ireland.

  • Proto Indo EuropeanGermanicCelticBalto-SlavicLatinGreek AlbanianIndo-IranianRussianUkrainianCzechSlovakSerb-CroatianPersianKurdishHindiBengaliIranianSanskritRomanianFrenchSpanishPortugueseItalianSlavicBalticWelshBretanGlicLatvianLithuanian

  • The Celtsfarmers and hunters organized themselves into clansclans had fearsome loyalty to chieftainslooked to priests, known as Druids, to settle their disputes

  • Proto Indo EuropeanGermanicCelticBalto-SlavicLatinGreek AlbanianIndo-IranianRussianUkrainianCzechSlovakSerb-CroatianPersianKurdishHindiBengaliIranianSanskritRomanianFrenchSpanishPortugueseItalianSlavicBalticWelshBretanGlicLatvianLithuanian

  • Roman conquest of Britain AD 43Britain annexed as a province in the Roman EmpireDifficult to control such a large piece of landBrought Christianity to Britain around AD 300Pagan vs. Christian themes throughout; never fully indoctrinated at this timeThe last Romans left around 407 A.D.Needed to defend against rebelling European countries; England left to its own devices

    Where did the Anglo-Saxons come from?

  • Where did the Anglo-Saxons come from? 449AD 3 Germanic tribes (Angles, Saxons, and Jutes) invade.Destruction of Roman influence, including ChristianityNew land: Angle-land- small tribal kingdoms- no written language- supported themselves through farming and hunting

  • Proto Indo EuropeanGermanicCelticBalto-SlavicLatinGreek AlbanianIndo-IranianRussianUkrainianCzechSlovakSerb-CroatianPersianKurdishHindiBengaliIranianSanskritRomanianFrenchSpanishPortugueseItalianSlavicBalticWelshBretanGlicLatvianLithuanian

  • An Anglo-Saxon Hall

  • Alfred the GreatKing of Wessex 871-899

    866resisted Danish intrusion and earned the great titleSaxons acknowledged Danish rule in East and NorthDanes respected Saxon rule in SouthEnd of 10th CenturyDanes want to widen DanelawForced Saxons to select Danish Kings1042Kingship returned to Alfred the Greats descendent EdwardEdward the Confessor died in 1066. His death led to the end of the Anglo-Saxon Period.

  • Page of Beowulf manuscript in Old EnglishListen to me!

  • Anglo-Saxon Literature cont. Anglo-Saxon poetry falls mainly into two categories:Heroic poetry recounts the achievements of warriorsElegiac poetry laments the deaths of loved ones and the loss of the past Beowulf is the most famous example of heroic poetry.

  • Heroic Values in BeowulfRelationship between king and his warriorsThe king rewards his warriors with giftsIf a kinsman is slain, obligation to kill the slayer or obtain payment (wergeld) in compensation

    *skt.org.uk

    Which came to the UK first? *meekon5.blogspot.com; no unity in the kingdom; what does this tell you? Druids often considered magical throughout historyreligion and magic intertwined. Evolution of the language; linguistically; lack of unity again leaves theme vulnerable, but they do begin to destroy the Roman influenceWest stow: a reconstructed site from 1972 by revising the post holse from the original siteHe was great because he did keep some peace and wee see greed as a basic human instinct at this pontORAL TRADITIONthe focuse of our unit here; well start with Beobear; Wulfwolfanimal symbolism