THE ANGLO-SAXON PERIOD
55 BC ROME tries to conquer Britain Julius Caesar invades
43 AD CLAUDIUS invades and establishes garrisons, integrating facets of Roman life: meeting hallsamphitheaters laws & courtspublic baths templessanitation systems ROADS
Britain Abandoned410 AD ROME FALLS and leaves garrisons in Britain on their own
When the Romans LeaveEnglands door is open to invasion
The Angle, Saxon, and Jute tribes who invaded Britain in the 5th and 6th centuries are known as the Anglo-Saxons. They left their homelands in northern Germany, Denmark and northern Holland and rowed across the North Sea in wooden boats.
Historians are not sure why the Anglo-Saxons came to Britain. It may have been because their land often flooded and it was difficult to grow crops, so they were looking for new places to settle down and farm. Some sources say that Saxon warriors were invited to come to England.
The Anglo-Saxons took control of most of Britain, although they never conquered Scotland, Wales and Cornwall. They divided the country into kingdoms, each with its own royal family. The stronger kingdoms often took control of the weaker kingdoms. By around AD 600 the five main Anglo-Saxon kingdoms were Northumbria, Mercia, Wessex, Kent and Anglia. Bbc.co.ik
A British Culture Begins to Develop
WARRIOR KINGS: protect themselves by gathering a retinue of THANES who pledged FEALTYtake over some of the old Roman towns and governmental procedures, i.e.: taxation, conscription, defensive walls
Mead HallMEAD HALLS were meeting areas, where kings heard cases, passed judgment, held social gatherings (80 long X 40 wide, 5 thick boards)
597 AD AUGUSTINE sent to convert England to Christianity- establishes first archbishopric, at CANTERBURYSPREAD OF CHRISTIANITY brings: trade, writing, unity & peace
Alfred the Great878 AD Alfred the Great, a Saxon king from Wessex, takes over much of England
No Primogeniture1066 AD- English king dies. Duke of Normandy proclaims that HE will take the English throne. Defeats Harold II (who HAD been appointed king) at theBATTLE OF HASTINGS and becomes the first Norman king of England, William I.
IN THE MEANTIME:
CharlemagneCharlemagne institutes the Holy Roman Empire
Mohammad establishes Islam
Mayans develop calendar, writing, pyramids
Tang Dynasty prospers in China
Vikings go aviking
Beowulf as an epic poemDescriptiveCeremonial defines what the Beowulf poet considers the most important values in life:HonorLoyaltyPerseveranceGood sense
Epic Poem Epic HeroLong narrative poemDeals with great heroesAdventuresNational, world-wide,or cosmic settingInvolves supernatural forcesDeliberately ceremonial styleNot born in the settingPerilous journiesSupernatural influencesCunningWarrior Larger than lifeDies defending or refusing to give up Tragic flawHas Hubris
Beowulf VocabularyEpithet * SynecdocheFormulaic address * ForeshadowingKenning * HyperboleScop * AllusionAlliteration * CharacterizationCaesuraPersonification