Telugu Vrna mala

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<p>Telugu AlphabetTelugu Learning KitModule 1. .. .. ..C P Brown AcademyThe Alpha FoundationHyderabadTelugu Alphabet Learning Kit Module-1Transliterator: G Ramesh BabuManaging Editor: GRK MurtyConsulting Editor: SS Prabhakar RaoEditorial Support:C Rama Devi, Y AnandT Rajendra PrasadChief Visualizer: A Bangaru BabuVisualizer: S GaneshIllustrations: B Anjaneyulu@ 2008 C.P. Brown Academy. All Rights Reserved.Although every care has been taken to avoid errors and omissions, this publication is being sold onthe condition and understanding that the information given in this book is merely for reference andmust not be taken as having authority of or binding in any way on the authors, editor, publisher orsellers.Neither this book nor any part of it may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, microfilming and recording or by any informationstorage or retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the copyright holder.Trademark notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and areused only for identification and explanation without intent to infringe.Only the publishers can export this book from India. Infringement of this condition of sale will lead tocivil and criminal prosecution.First Edition: 2008Printed in IndiaPublished byC P Brown AcademyThe Alpha Foundation8, Dwarakapuri Colony, PunjaguttaHyderabad - 500 082, India.Website: www.alphacharities.orgPrinted at:M/s. ICIT Software Centre Private Ltd.1, Technocrat Industrial EstateBalanagar Cross RoadsHyderabad-500 037, India.ForewordThe Module-1, Telugu Varnamala, is intended to help the Teluguspeakers, who cannot read/write Telugu, to pick up a reasonable level oflinguistic competence, through Roman script. The symbols used in thisbook are intended to facilitate the transliteration template of the vowels,consonants, gunintamulu and the vowel-consonant clusters, i.e., vottulu.The relationship of the Roman character with the Telugu letter and itspronunciation have been clearly explained with examples to aid phonetics.For instance, the symbol a stands for the Telugu letter e that soundslike o as in the word come. Let us take another example. The symbolc stands for the Telugu letter . that sounds like ch as in the wordchurch. The Module-1 is thus quite self-explanatory and is certain tohelp those who desire to learn Telugu through the medium of English.The workbook provided along with it is scientifically designed for practiceto help the learners pickup reading and writing of Telugu, satisfactorily.We know that some of the alphabet and their sounds are difficult topronounce and quite a few are not in popular use. They do not even matterin the acquisition of linguistic skills. However, we have included all theTelugu letters irrespective of their usage in order to introduce them all tothe learners.Enjoy!SS Prabhakar Rao.-.Vowels (e. e: Acculu)... ....TELUGU ALPHABET.*acomefara oc. ... e. :....i ibit feeluwooducoolrurusi root..luaru..lue eget stake miteaioat rotate outhalf someo o auam ah. .look loop* a stands for e and sounds like o as in come. The same pattern applies to all other vowels.. .4Consonants (. e e : Hallulu)36 Characters*ksilkkhkhakiggoghghostnprajnacchurchchwitchjjugttakethnilakanthadbirddhasadhanpranattabalaththumbdthoughdhdhotinnature- ...V-... . . . .. . .- -.-.... . .. =.. ...* k stands for . and sounds like k as in silk. The same pattern applies to all other consonants..c.capa. .j.jabili.</p> <p>- -jhjhansinsanjna~~ -. a--.5yyoungrrustllumplkalimatavlevyssastrysshipssunhhomekshraksharerror- --..... .... . . ..- .pcupphphonebbatbhbharatmmonth. . ...-Semi-Vowels or Semi-Consonants. .. ..c. . - .. Ubhayaksharalu).. . = . Sunna) ... . . = : Arasunna) .. . = . Visarga)Note: Five Telugu characters are not in general use.They are . . ..lu .lu-.c .j ru-.6acomefaraibit feeliwooduHow to write Vowels?e. e . :. .. .. c:ucoolru.rusirootru...7egetaimiteestake-orotateooat- auoutsomeamhalfah..8ksilkkhkhakighghostggonprajna.cchurchchwitchjjugjhjhansisanjnan~How to write Consonants?. e e . :. .. .. c:.~9ttakethnilakantha. .dbird. dhasadhanprana.ttabalaththumbdthoughdhdhotinnature.. ...10pcupphphonebbatbhbharatmmonthyoungy rrustllumplkalimata.vlevyssastry.11sssunhhomekshraksharerrorship..12Symbols of GunintamuluTelugu Letter Roman Character Symbol How to write. a. a- i i u u. ru. ru. e. e- ai. o: o: au.. am.. ah......13. .. :.e (Gunintamulu)Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu).Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. .. .. (ka-Gunintamu)Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. .. .. (kha-Gunintamu). .. - . . ka. - . . ka. - - . ki. - . ki. - ku. - ku. - . . kru. - . . kru. - . . ke. - . . ke. - - . kai. - . . ko. - : . ko. - : . kau. - .. .. kam. - .. . . kah..... - . . kha. - . . kha. - - e khi. - e khi. - . khu. - . khu. - . . khru. - . . khru. - . . khe. - . . khe. - - . khai. - . . kho. - : . kho. - : . khau. - .. .. kham. - .. .. khah....14.Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. .. :.e (Gunintamulu)Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu) .. .. (ga-Gunintamu)Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. .. .. (gha-Gunintamu).. - . ga - . ga - - gi - gi - gu - gu - . gru - . gru - . ge - . ge - - gai - . go - : go - : gau - .. . gam - .. . gah..... - . . gha. - . . gha. - - . ghi. - . ghi. - . . ghu. - . ghu. - . . ghru. - . . ghru. - . . ghe. - . . ghe. - - . ghai. - . . gho. - : . gho. - : . ghau. - .. . . gham. - .. . . ghah....15. .. :.e (Gunintamulu)Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu).Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter.. .. .. (cha-Gunintamu). .. .. (ca-Gunintamu).. - . . ca. - . . ca. - - . ci. - . ci. - . cu. - . cu. - . . cru. - . . cru. - . . ce. - . . ce. - - . cai. - . . co. - : . co. - : . cau. - .. . . cam. - .. . . cah..... - . . cha. - . . cha. - - . chi. - . chi. - . chu. - . chu. - . . chru. - . . chru. - . . che. - . . che. - - . chai. - . . cho. - : . cho. - : . chau. - .. . . cham. - .. .. chah....16. .. :.e (Gunintamulu)Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)..Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter.. .. .. (jha Gunintamu) . .. .. (ja Gunintamu)Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. - . . ja. - . . ja. - - . ji. - . ji. - ~ ju. - ~ ju. - . . jru. - . . jru. - . . je. - . . je. - - . jai. - . . jo. - : . jo. - : . jau. - .. .. jam. - .. .. jah..... - . . jha. - . . jha. - - . jhi. - : jhi. - . jhu. - . jhu. - . . jhru. - . . jhru. - . . jhe. - . . jhe. - - . jhai. - . . jho. - : . jho. - : . jhau. - .. . . jham. - .. .. jhah....17.Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. .. :.e (Gunintamulu)Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu): .. .. (ta-Gunintamu)Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. .... (tha-Gunintamu).. . .: - . : ta: - . : ta: - - : ti: - : ti: - : tu: - : tu: - . : tru: - . : tru: - . . te: - . . te: - - . tai: - . : to: - : : to: - : : tau: - .. :. tam: - .. :. tah..................... - . . tha. - . . tha. - - . thi. - : thi. - . thu. - . thu. - . . thru. - . . thru. - . . the. - . . the. - - . thai. - . . tho. - : . tho. - : . thau. - .. . . tham. - .. .. thah....................18.Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. .. :.e (Gunintamulu)Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu). .. .. (da-Gunintamu)Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. .... (dha-Gunintamu).. ... - . . da. - . . da. - - . di. - . di. - . du. - . du. - . . dru. - . . dru. - . . de. - . . de. - - . dai. - . . do. - : . do. - : . dau. - .. . . dam. - .. .. dah..................... - . . dha. - . . dha. - - . dhi. - . dhi. - . dhu. - . dhu. - . . dhru. - . . dhru. - . . dhe. - . . dhe. - - . dhai. - . . dho. - : . dho. - : . dhau. - .. . . dham. - .. .. dhah....................19.Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. .. :.e (Gunintamulu)Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu) .. .. (na-Gunintamu)Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. .. .. (ta-Gunintamu)... - . na - . na - - ni - ni - nu - nu - . nru - . nru - . ne - . ne - - nai - . no - : no - : nau - .. . nam - .. . nah.................... . - . . ta. - . . ta. - - s ti. - : ti. - . tu. - . tu. - . . tru. - . . tru. - . . te. - . . te. - - . tai. - . . to. - : . to. - : . tau. - .. . . tam. - .. . . tah....20. .. :.e (Gunintamulu)Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)..Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter.. .. .. (da-Gunintamu) . .... (tha-Gunintamu)Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. - . . tha. - . . tha. - - . thi. - : thi. - . thu. - . thu. - . . thru. - . . thru. - . . the. - . . the. - - . thai. - . . tho. - : . tho. - : . thau. - .. . . tham. - .. .. thah..... - . . da. - . . da. - - . di. - : di. - . du. - . du. - . . dru. - . . dru. - . . de. - . . de. - - . dai. - . . do. - : . do. - : . dau. - .. . . dam. - .. .. dah....21. .. :.e (Gunintamulu)Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)..Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. .. .. (na-Gunintamu) . .... (dha-Gunintamu)Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. - . . dha. - . . dha. - - . dhi. - : dhi. - . dhu. - . dhu. - . . dhru. - . . dhru. - . . dhe. - . . dhe. - - . dhai. - . . dho. - : . dho. - : . dhau. - .. . . dham. - .. .. dhah..... - . na - . . na - - . ni - . ni - nu - nu - . nru - . nru - . . ne - . . ne - - . nai - . . no - : . no - : . nau - .. . nam - .. . nah....22. .. :.e (Gunintamulu)Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)..Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter.. .. .. (pha-Gunintamu) . .. .. (pa-Gunintamu)Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. - . . pa. - . . pa. - - . pi. - . pi. - . pu. - . pu. - . . pru. - . . pru. - . . pe. - . . pe. - - . pai. - . . po. - : . po. - : . pau. - .. . . pam. - .. . . pah..... - . . pha. - . . pha. - - . phi. - . phi. - . phu. - . phu. - . . phru. - . . phru. - . . phe. - . . phe. - - . phai. - . . pho. - : . pho. - : . phau. - .. . . pham. - .. . . phah....23. .. :.e (Gunintamulu)Consonants + Vowels (Hallulu + Acculu)..Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter.. .. .. (bha-Gunintamu) . .. .. (ba-Gunintamu)Consonant + Vowel = Composite Letter. - . . ba. - . . ba. - - . bi. - . bi....</p>