Tele - Graffiti

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a presentation on tele-graffiti -projecting the paper

Text of Tele - Graffiti

INTRODUCTION

Tele-Graffiti is a camera projector based remote sketching system allowing two or more users to communicate remotely via handdrawn sketches.

PRINCIPLE OF WORKING

The principle behind the telegraffiti technique is that what one person writes at one site is captured using a video camera, transmitted to the other site, and displayed there using an LCD projector.

A Tele-Graffiti System

The image can be transmitted over the internet or local area network. The software architecture of system runs on Linux and has four threads the drawing thread, the paper tracking thread, sending thread and receiving thread. The user can write on a regular piece of paper with a pen at his desk. The sketch or writing on the paper is captured by the camera and transmits the digitized image to the receiving end through a data link.

A simplified system architecture is shown in the figure above. Paper detection runs in 15 milli-seconds per frame on a PII-450MHz machine and the paper is tracked accurately even with almost complete occlusion and misleading projected texture. Currently the communication link between the two sites has a delay of around 70 milli-seconds, which is partly due to the image compression algorithm. Overall the end-to-end system runs at 15 frames per second on dual PII-450MHz machines connected by 100 Base-T Ethernet.

ADVANTAGES

The advantage of this system is that the occlusions caused by the user s hands and the distractions caused by printed or hand-written material on the paper are overcame by using a algorithm that takes advantage of the facts that (a) the paper is bounded by four long edges roughly perpendicular to each other, (b) we know the approximate location of the projected image from the previous time-step and therefore its edges can be removed, and (c) the asymmetry between the top and the bottom of the clipboard can be used to resolve the ambiguity in the paper orientation.. In Tele-Graffiti, paper detection and tracking is based on real-time paper boundary detection.

APPLICATIONS

Teleconferencing. Remote Education. Human-computer interaction using paper as a combined input-output device.

Example application

Remote Education

Human-computer interaction : User providing information into a web page

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