Technical Report Documentation Page
Lab. W.O. 5004-S-511. REPORT No. 2. GOVERNMENT ACCESSION No. 3. RECIPIENT'S CATALOG No.
A Report on the Sand Equivalent Test as A Measure of theQuality of Concrete Sand
4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE
August 19555. REPORT DATE
6. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION
Tremper, Bailey and W.E. Haskell7. AUTHOR(S)
Lab. W.O. 5004-S-518. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION REPORT No.
State of CaliforniaDepartment of Public WorksDivision of HighwaysMaterials and Research Department
9. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME AND ADDRESS 10. WORK UNIT No.
11. CONTRACT OR GRANT No.
12. SPONSORING AGENCY NAME AND ADDRESS13. TYPE OF REPORT & PERIOD COVERED
14. SPONSORING AGENCY CODE
15. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES
The sand equivalent test was developed in the Materials and Research Department as a measure of the quantity and activity ofclay-like fractions in aggregates. Lower numerical values of "sand equivalent" indicate higher amounts or higher activity of clay-likefractions.
Using aggregate samples from a single pit, it was found that in mixing mortar or concrete to a given consistency the quantity ofwater increased as the sand equivalent decreased. In both mortar and concrete the compressive strength was related inversely andthe drying shrinkage directly, to the water-cement ratio. The sand equivalent, therefore, measured the quality of the sand in bothrespects.
As a result of tests of 248 samples of sand from 142 sources in California it was found that a high degree of correlation existsbetween the drying shrinkage of Portland cement mortar and the sand equivalent of the constituent sand. Departures from thegeneral equation expressing the relationship evidently are connected with the degree of compressibility of the sand particles andmore specifically in this investigation were found to be related to the porosity as measured by the absorption test.
Lab. W.O. 5004-S-5117. KEYWORDS
4018. No. OF PAGES:
http://www.dot.ca.gov/hq/research/researchreports/1930-1955/55-11.pdf19. DRI WEBSITE LINK
This page was created to provide searchable keywords and abstract text for older scanned research reports.November 2005, Division of Research and Innovation
55-11.pdf20. FILE NAME