Teaching Students with Mild Intellectual Disabilities.

  • Published on
    12-Jan-2016

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  • Teaching Students with Mild Intellectual Disabilities

  • Some Common Characteristics

    Unable to understand the level of instruction in class , limitations in their understanding Has limited general knowledge Takes longer to complete academic tasks Slow to start and complete assignments Lack of generalization of skills Inattentive and off-task Poor auditory processing

  • difficulty with inferencing Unable to attend in noisy environments 0verwhelmed by classroom, need to be respectful for them, need support, Usually is able to attend for about 15 minute periods Often gets confused or upset during subject or routine changes

  • Socially

    May intrude into other students personal space May bring things to share that are not socially appropriate for the age level of the group (ie: toys or immature music or books) may appear immature and more comfortable with younger studentsEasily influenced by peers and a target to be taken advantage of by those so inclined

  • Some ChallengesBalancing access to regular curriculum vs. remedial and functional living skillsSocial skills; need to support, explicit teaching of skills, ( ie. Teach Me Language, Friendship Circles ) Dilemma of individual vs. classroom Amount of time required

  • Some Implications for Practice1) Activate Anticipatory Set: - activate- ideally pre-teach - lack of vocabulary - make connections; known to unknown -set purpose so there is a focus

  • Activity to show focused processing http://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/tools/main.cfm?t_id=10

    ( Link on website)

  • 2) Teach Shapes of Information ( graphic organizers) -sequence -story grammar -cyclical -brainstorm -venn diagram

    - ( for taking notes from text; for organizing ideas before writing )

  • 3) Slow down and Explicitly Teach -plan for making connections -use mnemonics ( I.e. Songs, tricks, 9 times table with hands, rhymes- -teach concepts, organization skils, - use colour coding , lots of examples,

  • 4. Use Peers -use of assigned buddies (complementary Clock buddies) -for generating ideas -as role models -assign roles in groups -show acceptance

  • 5) NEED FOR REVIEW -research suggests 4 exposures for declarative knowledge; more than that for procedural knowledge to be learned - find interesting ways; ( i.e. people search, jeopardy, fortune teller) -practice with support and immediate feedback, whenever possible

  • 6. Use E-SmartSettingsMaterialsAssistanceRe-think assessmentTie in

  • Example of Differentiated InstructionTiering according to: -student readiness, learning style or interests - for these students, often differentiate according to readiness

  • Differentiation according to Student Readiness

    Blooms taxonomy Space unit sheet-Dandy Decimals

  • Link to Planning PyramidFocus on essential understandings, See course website

    get lost/ overwhelmed because there are limitations when dont understand, tune out, other behaviours;

    All kids benefit from these, but their success depends on it . Start with known concepts, keep graphic constant

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