Lets Argue About It!*2013 Regional National Science Teacher Association Conference, Charlotte, NC
What is scientific argumentation? Dr. Rita Hagevik, Graduate Director of Science Education
MA and MAT in middle and secondary science education and MA non-licensure in science education degrees2) Classroom examples and activities:a) Chris Spencer (MAT HS) Introducing the process of scientific argumentation lessonb) Jennifer Spivey (MAT HS) Place-based community example and lesson on using scientific argumentation Things to remember when organizing scientific argumentation units and lessonsHandouts and additional information can be found at www.uncp.edu/biology (science education link on left hand side of the webpage) Other resources from NSTA - Questions?
The Uses of Argument(1958, revised 2003)Cambridge University Press
ClaimFact/Grounds/Data(Evidence)Warrant(Chain of Reason)BackingRebuttalQualifier
CLAIM EVIDENCEJUSTIFICATION OR A REASON
*Progression of argumentGreater sophistication
Grades K-2Grades 3-5Middle LevelHigh SchoolMake a claim and use evidenceConstruct and support scientific arguments drawing on evidence, data, or a model. Consider other ideas.Construct and present oral and written arguments supported by empirical evidence and reasoning to support or refute an explanation for a phenomenon.Construct a counter-argument that is based in data and evidence that challenges another proposed argument.
What is this thing called Science?How does it work?
Claim: I believe
Reasoning: Because.Claim and Evidence
Watch the following video clip and identify what you believe to be the problem:
BeforeAfterGodzilla started out as a Godzillasaur, on the island of Lagos in the pacific. During World War II, the island was used as a battleground. Godzilla wiped out the soldiers, but he was also shot, and left to die. But the when the first atomic bomb was tested on nearby Bikini Island, it mutated the dinosaur into Godzilla.
Abilities: finest armor ever built by the USNC (titanium suit), superhuman strength, superhuman speed, superhuman agility, excellent hand-to-hand combat, and excellent marksman ship.Personal info: Master Chief is the main character of Halo comic series by Marvel Comics. Master Chief is a genetically augmented super soldier for the USNC and is one of the few survivors of the SPARTAN II project. He is one of the greatest if not the greatest soldier in UNSC history.
Abilities: Super sayian transformation (for improved power), energy blast, solar flares, super human strength, superhuman speed, master of martial arts and fighting, and can use instant teleportation.Personal info: An uncultured, simple-minded guy who loves getting stronger and being challenged above all else, but will always use his power to protect his home and loved ones.
Abilities: Super cuteness (allows her to be loved by all), ability to talk, ability to win peoples hearts, can bake and cook anything.Personal info: Hello Kitty is a very energetic juvenile female; she loves to play outdoors, in the park or forest. But you can also find her happily practicing on the piano or baking a cake, too.
Abilities: Enormously strong strength, body is superhumanly durable and nearly impervious to force, pain, and disease, her skin can withstand extremes of temperature, as well as tremendous stresses and impacts without puncture wounds or lacerations, remains highly intelligent when she changes.
Personal info: As the cousin of Bruce Banner, Jen Walters received her abilities when she had a transfusion of blood from her gamma-powered cousin. She usually has the ability to change into her She-Hulk form on demand, and usually retains her intellect after the change as well
Abilities: Genius level intellect, indomitable will (unstoppable determination), intimidation, interrogation, peak human conditioning, and human acrobat. (No super powers)
Personal info: A man dressed like a bat that fights against evil and strikes terror into the hearts of criminals everywhere. In his secret identity he isBruce Wayne, billionaire industrialist and notorious playboy. Although he has no superhuman powers, he is one of the world's smartest men and greatest fighters. His physical prowess and technical ingenuity make him an incredibly dangerous opponent.
Complete you Superhero Savior outline in order to help solve the people of Lagos Island problem.Afterwards write a cover letter to the people of Lagos explaining which superhero you believe can solve their problem.
SAVE THE TRAPS!Jennifer SpiveySouth Columbus High SchoolMAT Secondary Science2013-2014 Kenan Fellow
Darwins Theory Of Natural Selectionhttp://science.discovery.com/games-and-interactives/charles-darwin-game.htm
Why did the species survive?Claim:Evidence:
Venus Fly TrapDionaea muscipula Ellis
The Evolution of the Trap
Southeastern Community CollegeWhiteville, NCAgriculture Biotechnology 2 year program
Micropropagation of Venus Fly Trap
What is your argument?
Would the use of micropropagated Venus Fly Trap clones be beneficial in conservation efforts?
Provide a frameworkModel and describe the frameworkProvide them with examplesLet them know why it is importantHave them critique each others written argumentsAllow them to debate ideasProvide them with various scaffolds
How can I support students in arguments?
More InformationLessons and handouts can be found at www.uncp.edu/biologyNSTA journals and the NSTA has webinars on teaching scientific argumentationMcNeill (elementary and middle) and Sampson (high school) booksThe Next Generation Science Standards (2013)
Questions?? Rita Hagevik, email@example.com
Chris Spencer, firstname.lastname@example.org
Jennifer Spivey, email@example.com
www.uncp.edu/biology for handouts and ppts