Summaries, Paraphrases, and Quotes

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Summaries, Paraphrases, and Quotes. How to use your text in a rhetorical analysis Source: What is a quote?. Quotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Summaries, Paraphrases, and Quotes

Summaries, Paraphrases, and QuotesHow to use your text in a rhetorical analysis

Source: is a quote?

QuotesQuotations must be identical to the original, using a narrow segment of the source.

They must match the source document word for word.

They must be attributed to the original author.

What is a paraphrase?

ParaphrasesParaphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words.

A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source.

Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage, taking a segment of the source and condensing it.

When to paraphrase:Paraphrase when you use someone elses content but not his or her specific words.Paraphrase when you want to simplify difficult material.Your version should be almost entirely in your own words (use different diction and sentence structure).Your version should accurately convey the content of the original passage.What is a summary?

SummariesSummarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s).

Once again, it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source.

Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material.

Summaries VS ParaphrasesThe difference between paraphrasing and summary comes down to the details-summary lacks the details of the original.

You can summarize a passage or an entire work. Paraphrases deal with much smaller source material.

MLA in Your Essay

What to do when you use words that are not your ownIntroducing an AuthorFirst time: Full name and brief background

Subsequent times: Last name

If no author, give the Title

Signal PhrasesQuotations (and sometimes paraphrased items and summaries) need a signal phrase.

A signal phrase adds the name of the writer (The author also acceptable) with a verb that conveys your sense of the writers intent.

Examples:Dewey argues,The author writes,Shelley contends,

In-Text CitationsIf author is mentioned in the sentence, just give the page number at the end of the sentence.Example: , (471).

If author is not mentioned in your sentence, give (LastName pg#) or (Title pg#) at the end of the sentence.Examples: , (Dewey 464). or , (My Pedagogic Creed 454).


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