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SUICIDE PREVENTION: It’s Everybody’s Business By MSG Flore

SUICIDE PREVENTION: It’s Everybody’s Business

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SUICIDE PREVENTION: It’s Everybody’s Business. By MSG Flores. AGENDA. SMA Video: http://www.armyg1.army.mil/hr/suicide/media3.asp Dr. Richard McKeon, Ph.D., MPH. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Page 1: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

SUICIDE PREVENTION: It’s Everybody’s Business

By MSG Flores

Page 2: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

AGENDA

• SMA Video: http://www.armyg1.army.mil/hr/suicide/media3.asp

• Dr. Richard McKeon, Ph.D., MPH.– PhD in clinical psychology from the University of Arizona and a master's of

public health in health administration from Columbia University. – Served as Clinical Division Director, American Association of Suicidology Board– Watch Video

• Suicide Prevention Awareness Training.• Q&A

Page 3: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

Who dies by suicide?

Anyone, at any age, can complete suicide.

Page 4: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

Elements of Depression

• Feelings of overwhelming sadness/fear/emptiness• Decrease in the amount of interest of pleasure• Changing appetite and marked weight gain or loss• Disturbed sleep patterns (insomnia or hypersommnia)• Fatigue, mental or physical• Intense feelings of guilt, helplessness, hopelessness, worthlessness, isolation/loneliness or anxiety• Trouble concentrating and or making decisions • Recurrent thoughts of death• Feeling or fear of being abandoned

Page 5: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

Suicide: Warning Signs

• Talk of suicide or killing someone else

• Giving away property or disregard of

• Withdrawal from friends and activities

• Girlfriend/Boyfriend or spouse problems

• Acting bizarre or unusual

• Soldiers in trouble for misconduct

• Soldiers who have lost their job at home (reservists)

• ETSing/Retirement

Page 6: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

Suicide: Warning Signs (Cont’d)• A Soldier should be seen immediately by a heath provider if:• Talking or hinting about suicide• Formulating a plan/acquiring the means to kill oneself• Having a desire to die• Obsession with death (music, poetry, artwork)• Themes of death in letters and notes• Finalizing personal affairs• Giving away personal possessions

Page 7: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

Suicide: Risk Factors• Relationship Problems• History of previous suicide attempts and / depression• Substance / alcohol abuse• Family history of suicide or violence• Work related problems• A serious medical problem• Significant loss of loved one• Current / pending disciplinary or legal action• Setbacks or prolonged unmanageable stress• A sense of powerlessness, helplessness, or hopelessness

Page 8: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

If someone is threatening to take his or her life…remember to ACE!

• Ask your buddy. • Have the courage to ask the question directly, but stay calm:

“Are you thinking about killing yourself?”

• Care for your buddy. • Calmly control the situation; do not use force; be safe• Actively listen to show understanding and produce relief• Remove any means that could be used for self-injury

• Escort your buddy. • Never leave your buddy alone• Escort to chain of command, Chaplain, behavioral health

professional, or primary care provider• Call the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline: 1-800-273-8255

Page 9: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

Be Aware / know your Soldiers• Know your Soldiers

• Talk to Soldiers and listen to what they have to say

• Be responsible for your personnel

• Be interested in hearing about Soldier’s problems

• Emphasize that seeking help in times of distress displays courage, strength, responsibility, and good judgment

• Get your Soldier help quickly

• Show you care

Page 10: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

THIS Slide needs info from new SMA Sergeant Major of the Army States:

“One suicide is one too many!”

“Not all wounds are visible. If you are feeling depressed or suicidal, seek help. We need you on the Army team.”

SMA Kenneth O. Preston

Page 11: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

Leaders can reduce stigma by:• Not discriminating against Soldiers who receive mental

health counseling• Supporting confidentiality between the Soldier and their

behavioral health care provider• Reviewing unit policies and procedures that could

preclude Soldiers from receiving all necessary and indicated assistance

• Educating all Soldiers and family members about anxiety, stress, depression, and treatment

• Reinforcing the “power” of the buddy system in helping each other in times of crises (TRADOC Pamphlet 600-22)

Page 12: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

Suicide is preventable• Be vigilant; aware of danger signs• Create a trusting environment where Soldiers

will feel that is okay to ask you for help• Know how to properly intervene• When a Soldier is experiencing problems that

warrant a chaplain or behavioral health intervention, don’t hesitate to refer that Soldier

• Know your Chaplain and behavioral health partners

Page 13: SUICIDE  PREVENTION:   It’s Everybody’s Business

Together, we can help, but we must Act (ACE)!