Strategic Transport Planning in Athens Strategic Transport Planning in Athens Vehicle Fleet (2/2) During

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  • Strategic Transport Planning

    in Athens

    P. Papantoniou, G. Yannis National Technical University of Athens

    Athens, 25 June 2020

  • Strategic Transport Planning in Athens

    Outline

    ➢ Current Mobility situation in Athens

    ➢ The effect of COVID-19 in Traffic and Road

    Safety

    ➢New Mobility Interventions

    ➢ Conclusions

  • Strategic Transport Planning in Athens

    Current Mobility situation in Athens

    ➢ Vehicle fleet

    ➢ Road Infrastructure

    ➢ Traffic

    ➢ Parking

    ➢ Road Safety

    ➢ Public Transport

    ➢ Supply chain

    ➢ Environment

    ➢ Intelligent Transportation Systems

  • Strategic Transport Planning in Athens

    Vehicle Fleet (1/2)

    ➢ The increase of vehicle fleet was stopped by 2008 due to the economic recession

    ➢ Passenger cars constitute 69% of the total vehicle fleet, while two-wheelers constitute 24%

    400,000

    900,000

    1,400,000

    1,900,000

    2,400,000

    2,900,000

    3,400,000

    3,900,000

    4,400,000

    2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

    V e h

    ic le

    f le

    e t

    Year

    Vehicle fleet in Region of Attica Source: EL.STAT., Data processing: NTUA

    Passenger Total

    Motorcycles Total

    Total

    69.1%

    6.7%

    0.3%

    16.4%

    7.5%

    Vehicle fleet by transport mode

    Source: EL.STAT., Data processing: NTUA

    Passenger

    Trucks

    Buses

    Motorcycles

    Mopeds

  • Strategic Transport Planning in Athens

    Vehicle Fleet (2/2)

    ➢ During 2009-2013, a remarkable reduction of new passenger cars and motorcycles registrations

    was identified

    ➢ There are approximately 14.000 taxis operating in Athens

    ➢ During 2019, vehicle fleet of OASA consisted of 1.725 thermal and 291 electric buses

    ➢ Since early 2019, micromobility services are operating in Athens

    0

    20,000

    40,000

    60,000

    80,000

    100,000

    120,000

    140,000

    160,000

    2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

    N e w

    p a ss

    e n

    g e r

    c a rs

    r e g

    is tr

    a ti

    o n

    s

    Year

    New passenger cars registrations Source: EL.STAT., Data processing: NTUA

    New Passenger cars

    Used Passenger cars

    0

    5,000

    10,000

    15,000

    20,000

    25,000

    30,000

    35,000

    40,000

    45,000

    2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019

    N e w

    m o

    to rc

    y c le

    s re

    g is

    tr a ti

    o n

    s

    Year

    New motorcycles registrations Source: EL.STAT., Data processing: NTUA

    New Passenger motorcycles

    Used Passenger motorcycles

  • Strategic Transport Planning in Athens

    Road infrastructure

    ➢ Total road infrastructure 868 km

    ➢ Pedestrian network 48 km

    ➢More than 400 marked nodes

  • Strategic Transport Planning in Athens

    Traffic (1/3)

    ➢ An increase in average travel time was identified in the period 2016-2019 for the specific

    routes

    ➢ A remarkable increase was identified in Kifisou Avenue from Metamorfosi to Athinon Avenue

    and in Kifisias Avenue from Ag. Konstantinou to Hilton

    5

    10

    15

    20

    A ve

    ra g

    e t

    ra ve

    l t im

    e (

    m in

    )

    Year

    Average travel time Source: Traffic Management Center (TMC), Data processing: NTUA

    Kifisou Avenue (from Metamorfosi

    to Athinon Avenue)

    Katehaki (from Kaisariani to

    Mesogeion Avenue)

    Mesogeion Avenue (from Stavros

    to Katehaki)

    Mesogeion Avenue (from

    Katehaki to Syntagma)

    Kifisias Avenue (from Ag.

    Konstantinou to Hilton)

    Kifisias Avenue (from Katehaki to

    Syntagma)

  • Strategic Transport Planning in Athens

    Traffic (2/3)

    0.0%

    0.5%

    1.0%

    1.5%

    2.0%

    2.5%

    3.0%

    3.5%

    4.0%

    4.5%

    5.0%

    5.5%

    6.0%

    6.5%

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 222324

    P e rc

    e n ta

    g e o

    f tr

    a ff

    ic lo

    a d

    d u ri n g

    t h e d

    a y

    Time of the day

    Average traffic variation per hour Source: Traffic Management Center (TMC), Data processing: NTUA

    0.0

    5.0

    10.0

    15.0

    20.0

    25.0

    30.0

    35.0

    40.0

    45.0

    50.0

    1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 101112131415161718192021222324

    A ve

    ra g

    e d

    ri vi

    n g

    s p

    e e d

    ( km

    /h )

    Time of the day

    Average speed variation per hour Source: Traffic Management Center (TMC), Data processing: NTUA

    ➢ Morning rush hours period: 07:30 – 09:30

    6% of daily traffic, Average speed: 32.5 km/h

    ➢ Evening rush hours period: 16:00 – 18:00

    5.9% of daily traffic, Average speed: 33.1 km/h

  • Strategic Transport Planning in Athens

    Traffic (3/3)

    ➢ The higher average travel time is in November and December, while the lower in August

    ➢ An increase in average travel time was identified in 2019, compared to the last three years

    ➢ A remarkable increase in annual vehicle kilometers in Attica Tollway was found during 2014-2018

    1,100,000,000

    1,200,000,000

    1,300,000,000

    1,400,000,000

    1,500,000,000

    1,600,000,000

    1,700,000,000

    A n n u a l v

    e h ic

    le k

    ilo m

    e te

    rs

    Annual vehicle kilometers in Attica Tollway

    Source: Attica Tollway, Data processing: NTUA

    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    10

    11

    12

    13

    14

    A ve

    ra g

    e t

    ra ve

    l t im

    e (m

    in )

    Month

    Annual average travel time Source: Traffic Management Center (TMC), Data processing: NTUA

    2017

    2018

    2019

  • Strategic Transport Planning in Athens

    Parking

    ➢ Athens the 3rd lower index of visitors’ parking spaces per 1.000 inhabitants compared to other Greek cities

    ➢ The average hourly parking in 32 European cities is 3 euros while in Athens it is approximately 4 euros

    0.00

    2.00

    4.00

    6.00

    8.00

    10.00

    12.00

    14.00

    16.00

    18.00

    Visitors' parking spaces per 1.000 inhabitants

    0

    1

    2

    3

    4

    5

    6

    7

    8

    9

    0

    5000

    10000

    15000

    20000

    25000

    30000

    Lo n

    d o

    n

    S to

    ck h

    o lm

    O sl

    o

    C o

    p e n

    h a g

    e n

    A m

    st e rd

    a m

    M a d

    ri d

    P a ri

    s

    Z u

    ri ch

    V ie

    n n

    a

    A th

    e n

    s

    B a rc

    e lo

    n a

    M il a n

    D u

    b li n

    R o

    m e

    H e ls

    in k i

    R ig

    a

    T a ll in

    n

    B ra

    ti sl

    a v a

    G e n

    e v a

    F ra

    n k fu

    rt

    B ru

    ss e ls

    Lu xe

    m b

    o u

    rg

    B e rl

    in

    P ra

    g u

    e

    Lj u

    b lj a n

    a

    V il n

    iu s

    B u

    d a p

    e st

    G la

    sg o

    w

    Li sb

    o n

    W a rs

    a w

    B u

    ch a re

    st

    S o

    fi a

    co st

    o f

    a n

    h o

    u r'

    s p

    a rk

    in g

    i n

    ci ty

    c e n

    tr e p

    re p

    e rt

    y c

    o st

    i n

    € p

    e r

    m 2

    City

    Hourly fee of private parking

  • Strategic Transport Planning in Athens

    Road Safety (1/2)

    ➢ During the last years, a significant decrease in traffic accidents and fatalities was identified

    ➢ The greater percentage of fatalities and serious injuries constitute to two-wheeler (56%) and pedestrians

    (33%) – Similar percentages refer to slight injuries

    0

    50

    100

    150

    200

    250

    0

    500

    1000

    1500

    2000

    2500

    3000

    3500

    20042005200620072008200920102011201220132014201520162017 N u

    m b

    e r

    o f

    Fa ta

    li ti

    e s

    / se

    ri o

    u s

    in ju

    ri e s

    N u

    m b

    e r

    o f

    S li g

    h t

    in ju

    ri e s

    / ro

    a d

    t ra

    ff ic

    a cc

    id e n

    ts

    Year

    Basic Road Safety Figures (2004-2017)

    Source: EL.STAT.,

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